3Safety Signs and Signals Person fell 3.5m from an access door in a roof void whilst maintaining a fire alarm system. No fencing or signs to indicate the hazard. Total cost £360,000.
4StandardsSafety signs and signals shall be used where a low risk remains following the implementation of control measures.Outdoor signboards shall be checked every month for damage by impact, vandalism, extreme weather, contact with chemicals, and to make sure they are securely fastened.Install signboards at a suitable height and in people’s line of sight in well-lit, easily accessible and visible locations.
5StandardsEmployees must receive suitable and sufficient instruction and training in the meaning of signs they come into contact with during their work and the measures to be taken in connection with safety signs. These can be either visual or audible.Only signs conforming to the Safety Signs and Signals Regulations will be used when it is necessary to convey relevant message or information.If there is a power failure, a guaranteed power supply or back-up may be necessary for safety signs and signals that run on electricity
6Planning and achieving the SMS Head teachers must:Conduct an assessment to identify location and type of signs or signals required.Erect signs as soon as possible when a need has been identified by the risk assessment.Location and condition of safety signs should be included in general workplace inspections.
7TrainingEmployees must receive suitable and sufficient instruction and training in the meaning of signs they come into contact with during their work and the measures to be taken in connection with safety signs.
8Prohibition/Danger Sign IndicatesDangerous behaviourStopShut-downEmergency cut-out devicesLocatedAccess point to buildingDesign & Technology equipment
9Warning Sign Indicates Be careful Take precautions Examine carefully LocatedOn fabric of the building eg. high voltage, asbestos, radiationTemporarily erected eg. Slippery floor sign
10Mandatory Sign Indicates Specific behaviour or action eg. Wear PPE, close the doorLocatedEntry to zones where PPE is requiredIn places where information is easily accessible to all
11Safe Condition Sign Indicates Doors Exits Escape Routes Facilities and equipmentLocatedIn prominent areas where they will be required for information
12Other locations/activities to consider Play AreasWhen construction activities are taking place on school premisesOutdoor traffic routes eg. Speed limit sign and directional arrows
13Escape Route System Signs should be of: Similar style Design Size Format
14Illumination Signs must be clearly visible May need illumination IndirectlyInternallyPhoto luminescent
15Pictograms Do not rely on language No need for ability to read Internationally recognisedSelf-explanatory
17Work at height casesSchool caretaker cleaning gutters fell 2.5m through fragile roof light causing fractured vertebra.Total Costs £38,000Maintenance personnel fell 2.7m into basement from a hole in the floor created during school refurbishment.Total cost £152,000
18DefinitionA place is ‘at height’ if a person could be injured falling from it, even if it is below ground.Work at height means:Work at any place above, at or below ground levelObtaining access to or egress from that place
19Teachers at heightReaching to place pupils work on the walls in the classroomPlacing or removing stationery etc stored at high level in store roomsPutting up and taking down Christmas decorations
20Maintenance staff at height Replacing light bulbs or mounting/adjusting stage lightingWindow replacement, painting, decorating and cleaning or other areas of building maintenanceErecting and dismantling stage displays and backgrounds
21School examplesExamples from HSE – one months data on work at height in schoolsA teacher fell off a chair while putting material in a cupboardA teacher stood on a stool to close a window and fellA teacher stood on a bookcase to put up a display and fell
22StandardsAvoid working at height where it is possible. Where it is not possible suitable and sufficient measures should be taken to prevent people falling where this could cause personal injuryEnsure any work at height is planned, appropriately supervised and carried out in a safe manner
23Standards Every employer shall ensure that work is not carried out at height where it is reasonably practicable to carry out the work safely other than at height.Where there is a risk of persons being struck by falling objects, the area will be clearly indicated and unauthorised persons kept out
24LaddersLadders should only be used as a workplace for light work with a low risk and for a short timeWhen deciding what equipment to use, think about what the job includes, how long it will last and where it needs to be done. It is tempting to use a ladder, but you should always consider a working platform first eg. A properly erected mobile scaffold tower or a mobile elevated work platform.Jobs such as removing or installing guttering, installing replacement windows, painting or demolition work should usually be carried out from scaffolds or mobile elevated work platforms
25Ladders Identified by a number or other system Stored securely when not in use‘User’ logVisual inspection at least every 3 months and record madeSafety shoes and tie off ropesWork material not carried up the ladder – both hands free for climbing
26Risk Assessment for Work at height Assess the risks from work at heightEvacuation or rescuing staff at heightEnvironment or conditionsLikelihood of tools, objects (or people) fallingTask to be carried outSpecific staff involvedEquipment to useA suitable method statement from contractors
27Considerations All work at height is properly planned and organised All work at height takes account of weather conditions that could endanger health and safetyThose involved in are trained and competentThe place where work at height is done is safeEquipment for work at height is appropriately inspectedThe risks from fragile surfaces are properly controlled, andThe risks from falling objects are properly controlled work at height
28Priorities and action plans Assess the risks to help you decide how to work safelyFollow the work at height hierarchy – avoid, prevent, mitigate and give collective measures priorityPlan the work properly
29Training Safety induction (intranet) Safe use of ladders Equipment specific trainingSupervising health and safety (CIEH)Managing safely in schools (IOSH)
30Pressure Vessels and Gas Cylinders Walsall Council SMS
31Standards Vessels with ‘relevant fluids’ Steam (at any pressure)Gas under pressure >0.5bar (about 7psi)Liquid under pressure (which becomes gaseous on release)Safe operating limits must be establishedProvide operating instructionsMaintain recordsScheme of examination (written by competent person) may be neededExaminations carried out as per the scheme
32Systems likely to need schemes Pressure cookersAutoclavesSteam boilersPortable steam cleanersFixed LPG storage system for heatingCompressed air receivers (if >250 bar litres)
33First steps Assess your pressure vessel to see if it is: a) Larger than 250 bar litres (the pressure times the volume) and using a relevant fluid – or steam at any pressure; orb) smaller than 250 bar litres and not containing steam.Small vessels needsafe operating limits and to be maintainedLarge vessels (+ steam containing) need:Safe operating limits and to be maintainedWritten scheme of examinationExaminations carried out in accord with the schemeAdequate operating instructions and records kept
34A few definitions Safe operating limits Competent person The upper limits of pressure and temperature for which the equipment was designedCompetent personTrained and accredited to BS EN 45004:1995.You can get details of suitable organisations from risk and insurance team (tel: )Written scheme of examinationWhat is to be examined, how and when
35Gas Cylinders - Standards Stored in a safe (locked) place in the open air, protected from external heat sources, including the sun.Clearly marked.
36Gas Cylinders – First steps Obtain cylinders from a reputable supplierStore, move and use them in accordance with safe practiceAdequate training for staff regarding cylinder safety
37Further information Training CLEAPSS Safety of Pressure Systems (L122) Safe Use of Gas Cylinders (IND(G)308)IOSH Managing Safely in SchoolsTraining
39Walsall Schools’ Safety Guide Interpretation of safety management standardsTopic based standardSynopsisModel local arrangementInternal guidanceDfES guidanceRecommended trainingWhat your next steps should be
40Walsall Schools’ Safety Guide Guide ASuggested list of risk assessments for:StaffStudentsActivitiesSubjectspremises