Presentation on theme: "WIND FARMS AND RED KITES. The causes include poisoning, closures of garbage dumps and feeding stations, shortages of live prey, electrocution, shooting,"— Presentation transcript:
The causes include poisoning, closures of garbage dumps and feeding stations, shortages of live prey, electrocution, shooting, predation of the broods (e.g. by introduced species like racoons), etc. The red kite is under threat in a number of European countries
VULTURE MORTALITY IN SPAIN : - Lekuona report, 2001 368 turbines 409 griffon vultures - North of Soria : 200 griffon vult. - North of Castellón : 273 wind turbines 177 griffon vultures - one windfarm in Western Navarre over 100 griffon vultures -Tarifa dozens of griffon vultures (and 6 egyptian vultures) No cumulative study… 1,000-2,000 griffon vultures a year
ANNUALLY, 200-300 RED KITES ARE KILLED BY WIND TURBINES IN GERMANY ( as estimated by Ubbo Mammen, speaker at the Symposium )
SPAIN : SOME RED KITES REPORTED KILLED SHODDY MONITORING REMOVAL OF CARCASSES OPACITY TAMPERING WITH DATA
UK : TWO RED KITES KILLED IN WALES, ONE IN SCOTLAND VERY LITTLE MONITORING BIASED STUDIES COVERING UP MORTALITY
FRANCE : TWO RED KITES CARCASSES FOUND LITTLE MONITORING IF ANY
ITALY Stefano Allavena, president of ALTURA Association for the Protection of Birds of Prey and of their Habitats, Rome
Read emails from Mr Allavena : URL in next frame
LINK TO THE 3 EMAILS FROM MR ALLAVENA : www.iberica2000.org/documents/eolica/bird_mortality/RED_KITE_MORTALITY_ITALY
In all likelihood, their disappearance is due to death by collision, for there is no evidence that red kites are afraid of windfarms. Besides, open-space raptors are often seen flying close to wind turbines (Dr Lekuona 2001, Dr. Smallwood 2004)
There are only 310-400 breeding pairs of Red Kites in Italy. ALTURA warn that 15,000 wind turbines in their country would be a major factor in the extirpation of the Red Kite, the Egyptian Vulture, and the Bonelli’s Eagle.
THE WIND INDUSTRY PLANS TO ERECT 3,750,000 WIND TURBINES WORLDWIDE
25 birds/turbine/year + 200 birds/km/new High Tension lines = 250 million birds/year
Decline of the rare Egyptian vulture: new study, Estación Biológica de Doñana: biggest drop in nest sites where windfarms have been built
The new census of the Egyptian vulture population is what led to this finding. Martina Carrete believes that similar conclusions may be drawn about other raptor species when their populations are next censed.
For 6 years, I have myself been trying to warn bird societies that this was bound to occur. Earlier this year, Spanish Birdlife (SEO) responded by an apparent change in policy. Let’s hope other bird societies will respond before it is too late.
LATEST REPORT FROM ALTAMONT PASS WINDFARM, CALIFORNIA (Dr Smallwood et al. 2009) reveals that mortality at windfarms has been underestimated.
62 tubular-tower wind turbines totalling 22 MW killed by collision 115 raptors per annum - highest raptor/turbine mortality in the world. Dr Smallwood et al. 2009