Presentation on theme: "WIND FARMS AND RED KITES. The causes include poisoning, closures of garbage dumps and feeding stations, shortages of live prey, electrocution, shooting,"— Presentation transcript:
WIND FARMS AND RED KITES
The causes include poisoning, closures of garbage dumps and feeding stations, shortages of live prey, electrocution, shooting, predation of the broods (e.g. by introduced species like racoons), etc. The red kite is under threat in a number of European countries
And here is a new one
N O T A F R A I D
BLADES CAN TRAVEL AT 300 KMH AT THE TIP
HALF A WING CHOPPED…
SLICED DOWN THE MIDDLE…
Griffon Vulture : SMASHED
VULTURE MORTALITY IN SPAIN : - Lekuona report, turbines 409 griffon vultures - North of Soria : 200 griffon vult. - North of Castellón : 273 wind turbines 177 griffon vultures - one windfarm in Western Navarre over 100 griffon vultures -Tarifa dozens of griffon vultures (and 6 egyptian vultures) No cumulative study… 1,000-2,000 griffon vultures a year
Courtesy of biologist Joris Everaert, Belgium
GERMANY : 126 RED KITE CARCASSES FOUND UNDER WIND TURBINES ( 116 as at July 27, 2009 as per next chart )
BIRD MORTALITY STATISTICS AT WINDFARMS IN GERMANY 116 Red kites 15 Black kites 122 Buzzards 35 Kestrels 40 White-tailed eagles
IT IS THE TIP OF THE ICEBERG
ANNUALLY, RED KITES ARE KILLED BY WIND TURBINES IN GERMANY ( as estimated by Ubbo Mammen, speaker at the Symposium )
SPAIN : SOME RED KITES REPORTED KILLED SHODDY MONITORING REMOVAL OF CARCASSES OPACITY TAMPERING WITH DATA
UK : TWO RED KITES KILLED IN WALES, ONE IN SCOTLAND VERY LITTLE MONITORING BIASED STUDIES COVERING UP MORTALITY
FRANCE : TWO RED KITES CARCASSES FOUND LITTLE MONITORING IF ANY
ITALY Stefano Allavena, president of ALTURA Association for the Protection of Birds of Prey and of their Habitats, Rome
Read s from Mr Allavena : URL in next frame
LINK TO THE 3 S FROM MR ALLAVENA :
In all likelihood, their disappearance is due to death by collision, for there is no evidence that red kites are afraid of windfarms. Besides, open-space raptors are often seen flying close to wind turbines (Dr Lekuona 2001, Dr. Smallwood 2004)
There are only breeding pairs of Red Kites in Italy. ALTURA warn that 15,000 wind turbines in their country would be a major factor in the extirpation of the Red Kite, the Egyptian Vulture, and the Bonelli’s Eagle.
THE WIND INDUSTRY PLANS TO ERECT 3,750,000 WIND TURBINES WORLDWIDE
25 birds/turbine/year birds/km/new High Tension lines = 250 million birds/year
Courtesy of biologist Joris Everaert, Belgium
WILL MITIGATION HELP? THE ALTAMONT EXPERIENCE - Moving the turbines - Repowering - Land management - Stopping the turbines part time Mostly unsuccessful
THE TASMANIAN MITIGATION (WOOLNORTH windfarm) unsuccessful RADARS impractical THE SMOLA-TYPE MITIGATION (the omerta) will cause many more deaths
IT HAS BEEN DOCUMENTED THAT RAPTORS FLY CLOSER TO WIND TURBINES THAN WOULD BE EXPECTED BY CHANCE ( Thelander et al )
The recently-moved topsoil around wind turbines attracts burrow-dwelling rodents that attract raptors.
The latest report from California found another important reason : DECLIVITY WINDS
Raptors and windfarms use slopes and ridges exposed to the prevailing winds
Raptors and windfarms are therefore…. on a collision course
And the raptors are losing
White- tailed eagle Norway
Decline of the rare Egyptian vulture: new study, Estación Biológica de Doñana: biggest drop in nest sites where windfarms have been built
The new census of the Egyptian vulture population is what led to this finding. Martina Carrete believes that similar conclusions may be drawn about other raptor species when their populations are next censed.
For 6 years, I have myself been trying to warn bird societies that this was bound to occur. Earlier this year, Spanish Birdlife (SEO) responded by an apparent change in policy. Let’s hope other bird societies will respond before it is too late.
LATEST REPORT FROM ALTAMONT PASS WINDFARM, CALIFORNIA (Dr Smallwood et al. 2009) reveals that mortality at windfarms has been underestimated.
62 tubular-tower wind turbines totalling 22 MW killed by collision 115 raptors per annum - highest raptor/turbine mortality in the world. Dr Smallwood et al. 2009
UNDERESTIMATION, WHY ? - The swamping bias - The no-find bias - The search frequency bias - The crippling bias (previous picture) - The radius bias - The outsider bias (Dr Smallwood et al. 2009)
CONCLUSION : Unless a minimum setback of 3 km is respected between wind turbines and red kites’ nests and roosting places, the red kite could be headed for extinction.
Mark Duchamp Environmentalist Director, Iberica 2000 President, Save the Eagles International