Presentation on theme: "18.1 Mirrors Katie Hanna. Mirrors Mirrors are the oldest optical instruments. Prehistoric humans saw their faces reflected in the quiet water of lakes."— Presentation transcript:
18.1 Mirrors Katie Hanna
Mirrors Mirrors are the oldest optical instruments. Prehistoric humans saw their faces reflected in the quiet water of lakes or ponds. Almost 4,000 years ago, Egyptians used polished metal mirrors to view their images. Hall of Mirrors Versailles. N.d. Visiting DC. Web. 1 Mar
Jean Foucault Sharp, well-defined reflected images were not possible until 1857, when Jean Foucault, a French scientist, developed a method of coating glass with silver. Jean Foucault. N.d. Knowledge Rush. Web. 1 Mar
Objects and Images in Plane Mirrors
Plane Mirrors A flat, smooth surface from which light is reflected by regular reflection rather than by diffuse reflection. Bathroom Mirrors. Regular Reflection. Plane Mirror. N.d. EdInformatics. EdInformatics Org., n.d. Web. 1 Mar
Objects A source of spreading, or diverging light rays. Every point on an object is a source of diverging light rays. Anything reflected in a mirror. Object in a Mirror. N.d. Physics Problems to Challenge Understanding. Donald Simanek, n.d. Web. 1 Mar
Images An image is a reproduction of an image formed with mirrors or lenses. The reflected image of an object. Image in a Mirror. N.d. Physics 20. Physics, n.d. Web. 2 Mar
Virtual Images A reflection in a normal mirror is actually a virtual image because the light rays do not actually converge on that point. Virtual Image. N.d. SMU Physics and Astronomy Demonstrations. SMU, n.d. Web. 2 Mar
Erect Image If the image and object are pointing in the same direction as each other, it is an erect image.
More Help Mirrors Explained Mirrors Explained Mirrors Explained s.htm HY232/lectures/lenses/images.html fln/u13l4a.cfm
Concave Mirror A concave mirror reflects light from its inner (“caved in”) surface. Makeup mirror, Inside of a spoon Spoon. N.d. Smooth Harold. Blake Snow, n.d. Web. 2 Mar
Concave Mirror Image formation by a concave mirror. N.d. Spherical Mirrors. Richard Fitzpatrick, n.d. Web. 2 Mar
Spherical Concave Mirror In a spherical concave mirror, the mirror is part of the inner surface of a hollow sphere. Spherical aberration in a concave mirror. N.d. Spherical Mirrors. Richard Fitzpatrick, n.d. Web. 2 Mar
Principal Axis The principal axis is the straight line perpendicular to the surface of a mirror at its center.
Focal Point The focal point is the point on a mirror where parallel rays meet. Focal point. N.d. Pirates and Revolutionaries. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Mar
Focal Length The focal length is the distance from the focal point to the mirror along the principal axis.
Real Image A real image is an image that rays actually converge and pass through. Can be seen on a piece of paper or projected onto a screen.
Lens/Mirror Equation You can use geometry to relate the focal length of the mirror, f, to the distance from the object to the mirror, d o, and to the distance from the image to the mirror, d i. Lens/Mirror Equation. N.d. Online Physics Lab. PhysicsLAB, n.d. Web. 3 Mar
How to Solve the Equation To solve the equation: Use the least common denominator, d i d o. Take the reciprocal of both sides. Lens/Mirror Equation 2. N.d. Online Physics Lab. PhysicsLAB, n.d. Web. 3 Mar
Magnification Magnification, m, is the ratio of the size of the image, h i, to the size of the object, h o. m = Magnification Equation. N.d. Physics Study Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar
Spherical Aberration The image formed by parallel rays in a large spherical mirror is a disk, not a point. This effect is called spherical aberration. A parabolic mirror has no spherical aberration because all parallel rays are reflected to a single spot. Spherical Aberration. N.d. Refracting vs Reflecting. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar
AAAA convex mirror is a spherical mirror that reflects light from its outer surface. WWWWide-angle mirrors for safety and security. A Wide Angle Photo Of A Wide Angle Mirror Through A Wide Angle Mirror. N.d. Flickr. Yahoo! Inc., n.d. Web. 2 Mar
Works Cited Colwell, Catharine H., comp. "Mirror Equation.“ Online Physics Lab. PhysicsLAB, n.d. Web. 26 Feb Kirkland, Kyle, and Sean M. Grady. "mirrors and lenses in optics." Science Online. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 25 Feb Zitzewitz, Paul W. Physics Principles and Problems. New York: Glencoe, Print.