Presentation on theme: "-1- What the Buddha Taught A series of lecture-discussions sponsored by Oxford Soto Zen Suggested by Les Kaye Led by Jimmyle Listenbee Based on What the."— Presentation transcript:
-1- What the Buddha Taught A series of lecture-discussions sponsored by Oxford Soto Zen Suggested by Les Kaye Led by Jimmyle Listenbee Based on What the Buddha Taught by Walpola Rahula
-2- Lecture 10 Chapter 7 ‘Meditation’ or Mental Culture
-3- Two Kinds of Illness 1Physical – some people seem to have no, or few, health problems. 2Mental a)Everyone seems to have mental/emotional problems (except Arahants). b)Buddha’s teaching, particularly ‘meditation’, aims at ‘cure’ – i.e., to produce a continual state of equilibrium and tranquility.
-4- Buddhist Meditation Often Misunderstood IT IS NOT 1Escape from Daily Activities; 2Remote & Removed from Society; 3Trance; 4Absorption in Mantras or Mystic Thoughts. 5A Method of Developing Esoteric Spiritual Powers; 6The Cultivation of “One-Pointed Mind” Toward Higher Mystic States a [read p. 68 ‘All these – nothing more.’]
-5- Buddhist Meditation IS: An Analytical Method Based on: – Mindfulness, – Awareness, – Vigilance, – Observation.
-6- Forms of Meditation/Mental Culture 1.Centered in the Body (Zazen, Kinhin & Daily Activity) 2.Centered on Sensations and Emotions 3.Centered on the Mind 4.Centered on Dharma Subjects ALL 4 OF WHICH SUPPORT THE OTHER 3
-7- Body-Centered Buddhist Meditation 1.Zazen: concentration is on breath & stable posture. 2.Kinhin: concentration is on breath & mobile posture. 3.Daily Activity: concentration is on mindfulness, awareness of all one’s Actions, physical & verbal, in each moment of private & public life.
-8- Zazen – Sitting Meditation In all forms of Zazen: the spine is erect [or aligned]; mindfulness is focused on the breath; the mind is alert; eyes are open (Soto), closed (some forms). JUST SIT!!!
-9- Erect Spine or Spinal Alignment
-10- Concentrating on Breath Simple Aids for Beginners – b READ: p. 70 ‘You breathe in and out all day…five or ten minutes.’ – Developing Concentration – Immediate Benefits
-11- Practical Zazen: Forms of Sitting 1Lotus Posture 2Half-lotus 3Burmese 4Seiza or Hero 5Chair or Bench 6Lying on a Roller All Forms Utilize Dhyani Mudra
-13- Distribution of Weight on Feet Chair or Bench Standing Walking
-14- Kinhin – Natural Walking Meditation Mindfulness of Self and Others in Motion Focus on Breath and Mobile Posture – Shashu mudra – Bowing as you pass Buddha – Counterclockwise Path – More or less equidistant – Gassho at end (CW path to Seat)
-15- Efficient Alignment in Walking Standing on 2 Feet Standing on 1 Foot
-16- Mindfulness in Daily Activity Being aware of every word and action c READ: p. 71 ‘Another very important…where it is relevant’ DISCUSSION JL’s Notes: imaginary worries & problems; desires & speculations; escape from life.
-17- Not “I am doing this…” “As long as you are conscious of yourself, you can never concentrate on anything.” The “Flow” of artistic/creative absorption. DISCUSSION
Meditation re Feelings & Sensations Best practiced in daily life, but if emotion comes up in Zazen, use the same technique: Don’t avoid, deny or repress, but recognize every emotion and sensation. Don’t indulge. Observe its arising, its quality, its cessation – with detachment. Do not look for its cause. Don’t “meta-feel”: e.g., worry about worries, be unhappy about sadness, etc.
Meditation re Mind “One should be bold and sincere and look at one’s own mind as one looks at one’s face in a mirror.” - Buddha/Middle Path DISCUSSION: esp. examples pp
-20- Fear and Shame Rahula says, “We must admit that very often we are afraid or ashamed to look at our own minds. So we prefer to avoid it. ” - p.73 DISCUSSION
This is basically meditation on Dharma Should be practiced separately from Zazen, Kinhin, and Daily Mindfulness Meditation. Discussions and examinations of Dharma & dharma are included Meditation on Ethical, Spiritual & Intellectual Subjects
-22- Rahula’s Selections for Dharma Meditations pp A.The 5 Hindrances B.The 7 Factors of Enlightenment C.The 5 Aggregates D.The 4 Noble Truths E.The 4 Sublime States Any Dharma text is suitable; a teacher may assign one: Les has assigned me the Metta Sutta, and the Six Paramitas. Cornelia has recommended The Noble Eightfold Path.