Presentation on theme: "-1- What the Buddha Taught"— Presentation transcript:
1 -1- What the Buddha Taught A series of lecture-discussions sponsored byOxford Soto ZenSuggested by Les KayeLed by Jimmyle ListenbeeBased on What the Buddha Taught by Walpola Rahula
2 -2- Lecture 10 Chapter 7 ‘Meditation’ or Mental Culture
3 -3- Two Kinds of IllnessPhysical – some people seem to have no, or few, health problems.MentalEveryone seems to have mental/emotional problems (except Arahants).Buddha’s teaching, particularly ‘meditation’, aims at ‘cure’ – i.e., to produce a continual state of equilibrium and tranquility.
4 -4- Buddhist Meditation Often Misunderstood IT IS NOTEscape from Daily Activities;Remote & Removed from Society;Trance;Absorption in Mantras or Mystic Thoughts.A Method of Developing Esoteric Spiritual Powers;The Cultivation of “One-Pointed Mind” Toward Higher Mystic Statesa[read p. 68 ‘All these – nothing more.’]
5 -5- Buddhist Meditation IS: An Analytical MethodBased on:Mindfulness,Awareness,Vigilance,Observation.
6 -6- Forms of Meditation/Mental Culture Centered in the Body (Zazen, Kinhin & Daily Activity)Centered on Sensations and EmotionsCentered on the MindCentered on Dharma SubjectsALL 4 OF WHICH SUPPORT THE OTHER 3
7 -7- Body-Centered Buddhist Meditation Zazen: concentration is on breath & stable posture.Kinhin: concentration is on breath & mobile posture.Daily Activity: concentration is on mindfulness, awareness of all one’s Actions, physical & verbal, in each moment of private & public life.
8 -8- Zazen – Sitting Meditation In all forms of Zazen:the spine is erect [or aligned];mindfulness is focused on the breath;the mind is alert;eyes are open (Soto), closed (some forms).JUST SIT!!!
13 -13- Distribution of Weight on Feet Chair or BenchStandingWalking
14 -14- Kinhin – Natural Walking Meditation Mindfulness of Self and Others in MotionFocus on Breath and Mobile PostureShashu mudraBowing as you pass BuddhaCounterclockwise PathMore or less equidistantGassho at end (CW path to Seat)
15 -15- Efficient Alignment in Walking Standing on 2 FeetStanding on 1 Foot
16 -16- Mindfulness in Daily Activity Being aware of every word and action cREAD: p. 71 ‘Another very important…where it is relevant’ DISCUSSIONJL’s Notes: imaginary worries & problems; desires & speculations; escape from life.
17 -17- Not “I am doing this…” “As long as you are conscious of yourself, you can never concentrate on anything.”The “Flow” of artistic/creative absorption.DISCUSSION
18 -18- 2. Meditation re Feelings & Sensations Best practiced in daily life, but if emotion comes up in Zazen, use the same technique:Don’t avoid, deny or repress, but recognize every emotion and sensation.Don’t indulge. Observe its arising, its quality, its cessation – with detachment.Do not look for its cause.Don’t “meta-feel”: e.g., worry about worries, be unhappy about sadness, etc.
19 Meditation re Mind“One should be bold and sincere and look at one’s own mind as one looks at one’s face in a mirror.” - Buddha/Middle PathDISCUSSION: esp. examples pp
20 Fear and ShameRahula says, “We must admit that very often we are afraid or ashamed to look at our own minds. So we prefer to avoid it. ” - p.73 DISCUSSION
21 -21- 4. Meditation on Ethical, Spiritual & Intellectual Subjects This is basically meditation on DharmaShould be practiced separately from Zazen, Kinhin, and Daily Mindfulness Meditation.Discussions and examinations of Dharma & dharma are included.32
22 -22- Rahula’s Selections for Dharma Meditations pp.74-75 The 5 HindrancesThe 7 Factors of EnlightenmentThe 5 AggregatesThe 4 Noble TruthsThe 4 Sublime States32Any Dharma text is suitable; a teacher may assign one: Les has assigned me the Metta Sutta, and the Six Paramitas. Cornelia has recommended The Noble Eightfold Path.