Function Blood popular entertainment Bulldog and Terrier crosses common Famous for their tenacity in the rat pits In 1848 “Tiny the Wonder,” a 5.5 pounder, killed 300 rats in 54 minutes, 50 sec!
Function Mid-19 th century experiments to produce the ultimate rabbiting dog Crosses with small hounds, including Italian Greyhound and Whippet
Victorian Era Tiny Manchesters became fashionable Animals as small as 2.5 pounds produced Popular dog show exhibits Black & Tan Terrier and Toy Black Black & Tan Terrier gradually more separate Crosses did take place
Difficult Times Breed’s popularity was threatened in England by enforcement of ban on blood sports (mid-1800s) and ear cropping (1897) At the end of the war era the breed was in crisis By 1952, Standard Manchesters in US were without organized breed representation and Toy Manchesters were mired in health and conformation problems
Varieties 1958: AKC changed to one breed two varieties, governed by the same breed standard Toy and Standard breeders united to save the breed Toy and Standard breeders united to save the breed 1959: CKC followed suit, BUT chose not to adopt the revised AKC breed standard controversial change to a DQ for over 22 lbs controversial change to a DQ for over 22 lbs Today, CKC standards are oldest in the world Today, CKC standards are oldest in the world
IMPORTANT! ► Multi-purpose, versatile breed developed for several purposes ► Small specimens equally as valuable as working dogs ► Standard & Toy Manchester Terriers are ONE breed with TWO varieties ► Except for size and ear type, there are no differences between the varieties
Colour: Colour should be intense, not faded or light Tan should be rich mahogany, not straw coloured There should be no blending of the black and tan Jet black and rich mahogany tan, which should not run or blend into each other but meet abruptly forming clear, well-defined lines of colour division.
Colour Faults Breeching on the (outer) rear leg Smuttiness in the muzzle
Colour Faults White on any part of the coat is a serious fault and shall disqualify whenever the white shall form a patch or stripe measuring as much as 1/2 inch (1 cm) in its longest dimension Any colour other than black and tan is unacceptable
Markings: Markings should not take precedence over soundness.
Markings on Head Small tan kiss mark on each cheek Tan muzzle, upper and lower lip, extending under the throat Small tan spot over each eye
Thumbprint & Pencil Markings There should be a black “thumb mark” patch on the front of each foreleg between the pastern and the knee. Considered to be the “hallmark of the breed” Pencilling – distinct line running up each toe, front and back feet
IMPORTANT! Colour and markings should not take precedence over soundness and type Colour and markings should not take precedence over soundness and type
Head: Manchester Terrier Narrow, almost flat, with a slight indentation up the forehead, long and tight-skinned. Slightly wedge- shaped, tapering to the nose, and well filled up under the eyes, with tight-lipped jaw. Narrow, almost flat, with a slight indentation up the forehead, long and tight-skinned. Slightly wedge- shaped, tapering to the nose, and well filled up under the eyes, with tight-lipped jaw. Toy Manchester Terrier Long, narrow, tight skinned, almost flat, with a slight indentation up the forehead; wedge-shaped, tapering to the nose, with no visible cheek muscles, and well filled up under the eyes Long, narrow, tight skinned, almost flat, with a slight indentation up the forehead; wedge-shaped, tapering to the nose, with no visible cheek muscles, and well filled up under the eyes
Head The proper MT expression can only be achieved with a true wedge-shaped head and good fill under the eyes “snipey” muzzles are incorrect and should be faulted “snipey” muzzles are incorrect and should be faulted Any suggestion of a definite stop is incorrect. The skull should flow into the muzzle without interruption The planes of the muzzle and backskull are to be parallel and of the same length Downface or dishface are faults Downface or dishface are faults
Head The muzzle should be flat A roman nose is incorrect but not uncommon A roman nose is incorrect but not uncommon The domed head of many toy breeds is not typical of a correct Manchester head of either variety The backskull should be flat, not round The backskull should be flat, not round An ideal head will possess a strong, full under jaw A lack of underjaw is a fault becoming more and more common in the breed A lack of underjaw is a fault becoming more and more common in the breed A good, working scissors bite is required, level acceptable
Ears Manchester Terrier Ears erect or button, small and thin; smaller at the root and set as close together as possible at the top of the head. If cropped, to a point, long and carried erect Ears erect or button, small and thin; smaller at the root and set as close together as possible at the top of the head. If cropped, to a point, long and carried erect For the standard variety, all 3 ear types are EQUALLY acceptable provided they are correct as per the breed standard
Ears Toy Manchester Terrier Ears of moderate size; set well up on skull and rather close together; thin, moderately narrow at the base; with pointed tips; naturally erect carriage. Wide, flaring, blunt tipped or “bell” ears are a serious fault; cropped or cut ears shall disqualify Ears of moderate size; set well up on skull and rather close together; thin, moderately narrow at the base; with pointed tips; naturally erect carriage. Wide, flaring, blunt tipped or “bell” ears are a serious fault; cropped or cut ears shall disqualify For the toy variety, the only acceptable ear type is the naturally erect ear The ear should not only be the correct shape and set correctly, but should be stable. Ears that “flap” on the move should be penalized
Body: Short, with powerful loins; the back being slightly arched at the loin, and falling again to the joining of the tail to the same height as the shoulder.
Front: Chest narrow between the legs, deep in the brisket; ribs well sprung out behind the shoulder.
Angulation ► The key to angulation in Manchesters is balance and moderation ► Manchesters should be neither too straight nor over-angulated ► Excessive angulation would have been a detriment to agility in confined spaces
Tail: Moderately short, and set on where the arch of the back ends; thick where it joins the body, tapering to a point; not carried higher than the back. Manchesters use their tail to maintain balance in tight quarters, such as the rat pit The transition from back to tail (i.e. the tailset) should be smooth The tail should not extend beyond the hock
Tail ► Proper tail carriage is important, the tail should NEVER be carried over the back
Topline A proper topline is critical as it provides the flexibility that allows the breed to be so agile
Topline A roach or wheel back should be severely penalized The topline should ONLY be assessed while the dog is in motion Back slightly arched at the loin, and falling again to the joining of the tail to the same height as the shoulder
Gait: Gait should be free and effortless with good reach of forequarters and strong drive in the rear The topline should not move up and down Any suggestion of a hackney gait or “goose- stepping” should be penalized A Manchester’s movement should not be judged at a run
Size: Deviation from the prescribed size ranges should be faulted according to the magnitude of the discrepancy, keeping in mind that dogs over the 22 lb. limit may lack the agility and maneuverability required of a working dog Manchester Terrier: Weight - 12-22 lb. (5-10 kg) Toy Manchester Terrier: Weight not exceeding 12 lb (5.5 kg). All dogs weighing more than 12 lb. shall be disqualified
Temperament: Manchester Terriers are a mix of hound and terrier when it comes to temperament Can tend toward being “wary of strangers” Should never be aggressive aggressive or overly shy Many Manchester Terriers, especially young dogs, have difficulty on the table Pay attention to how the dog interacts with its owner
Tips for Judging Things to look for: ► 5 Key Terms ► Clean Silhouette ► Correct Topline – judged only on the move ► Strong Headpiece Things to Remember: ► The table is NOT where you judge, it’s where you check ► The Toy is a diminutive version of the Standard