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Presentation on theme: "PART ONE GRAND BASIC REVIEW Massage & Bodywork Examinations For MBLEx STARFLEET ACADEMY."— Presentation transcript:


2 1. The basic unit of life is the ______. a. Atom b. Cell c. Molecule d. Organelle GENERAL REVIEW

3 2. The study of the structure of the body is called ______. a. Kinesiology b. Neurobiology c. Pathology d. Anatomy GENERAL REVIEW

4 3. Cephalad means ______. a. Toward the feet b. In the middle of the torso c. Toward the head d. Toward the pelvis GENERAL REVIEW

5 4. Antibodies are molecules of ______ involved in the immune response of the body. a. Carbohydrates b. Lipids c. Antibiotics d. Proteins GENERAL REVIEW

6 5. Etiology is the study of ______. a. The cause of disease b. The sex organs c. Insects d. Emotions GENERAL REVIEW

7 6. The condition characterized by swelling, heat, redness, and pain is known as _____. a. Chicken pox b. Fibromyalgia c. Cushing syndrome d. Inflammation GENERAL REVIEW

8 7.In the Western anatomic position, the human body is ______. a. Standing erect, facing forward, arms at side, palms facing forward b. Standing erect, facing forward, arms straight out, palms facing forward c. Standing erect, facing forward, arms at side, palms facing backward d. Standing erect, facing forward, arms bent at elbow, palms facing up GENERAL REVIEW

9 8. The pericardial cavity is located within the ______. a. Abdominopelvic cavity b. Cranial cavity c. Spinal cavity d. Thoracic cavity GENERAL REVIEW

10 9. The study of the tissues of the body is referred to as ______. a. Histology b. Phrenology c. Molecular biology d. Physiology

11 GENERAL REVIEW 10. A short, severe episode is referred to as ______. a. Chronic b. Acute c. Terminal d. Minute

12 GENERAL REVIEW 11. The ability of an organism to cause disease is referred to as ______. a. Hyperplasia b. Pandemic c. Virulence d. Asepsis

13 GENERAL REVIEW 12. The human body is an ______. a. Anaerobe b. Organism c. Organ system d. Anomaly

14 GENERAL REVIEW 13. The increase in symptoms or severity of a condition is a(n) ______. a. Endemic b. Inflammation c. Exacerbation d. Malignancy

15 14. The _____ plane divides the body into upper and lower sections. a. Transverse b. Frontal c. Coronal d. Sagittal GENERAL REVIEW

16 15. A disease of unknown origin is referred to as ______. a. Idiopathic b. Pandemic c. Ideologic d. Epidemic GENERAL REVIEW

17 1. The prefix contra- means ______. a. With b. Against c. Instead of d. Behind GENERAL REVIEW

18 2. The prefix eryth- means ______. a. Painful b. Out of sync c. Red d. Bruised GENERAL REVIEW

19 3. The suffix -oma means ______. a. Pimple b. Active c. Opening d. Tumor GENERAL REVIEW

20 4. The prefix arthro- means ______. a. Inflammation b. Muscle c. Joint d. Fascia GENERAL REVIEW

21 5. The prefix angio- means ______. a. Heart b. Pump c. Vessel d. Attack GENERAL REVIEW

22 6. The prefix ab- means ______. a. Next to b. Away from c. Inner d. Soreness GENERAL REVIEW

23 The prefix macro- means ______. a. Little b. Big c. Death d. Bacteria GENERAL REVIEW

24 8. The suffix -ism means ______. a. Condition b. Movement c. Rate of exchange d. Study of GENERAL REVIEW

25 9. The prefix myo- means ______. a. Malignant b. Muscle c. Movement d. Extensive GENERAL REVIEW

26 The prefix nephro- means ______. a. Skin color b. Bone c. Kidney d. Sleep GENERAL REVIEW

27 11. The prefix somato- means ______. a. Body b. Mind c. Psycho d. Ethereal GENERAL REVIEW

28 12. The suffix -iatric means _______. a. Condition b. Severe c. Internal d. Specialty GENERAL REVIEW

29 13. The suffix -eum means ______. a. Intestine b. Upper c. Membrane d. Elastic GENERAL REVIEW

30 14. The prefix orchi- means ______. a. Hearing b. Sight c. Purple d. Testes GENERAL REVIEW

31 15. The prefix para- means ______. a. Under b. Over c. Beside d. Nonexistent GENERAL REVIEW

32 1.The body contains ______ chemical elements. a.32 b.26 c.27 d.20 GENERAL REVIEW

33 2.______ is an example of a trace mineral. a.Oxygen b.Aluminum c.Hydrogen d.Calcium GENERAL REVIEW

34 3.Electrolytes are substances that ______. a.Are turned into sugar in the pancreas b.Break apart into two or more ions when put into water c.Are metabolized as fat d.Are stored in the spleen GENERAL REVIEW

35 4.When in balance, the body's pH should be within what range? a.7.35–7.45 b.9.00–9.50 c.6.55–6.75 d.6.35–6.55 GENERAL REVIEW

36 5.Free radicals ______. a.Help wounds to heal faster b.Cause warts c.Cause tissue damage d.Help blood to clot GENERAL REVIEW

37 6.An ion is an atom that ______. a.Is positively charged b.Is negatively charged c.Could be either positively or negatively charged d.Is neither positively nor negatively charged GENERAL REVIEW

38 7.Chemical imbalances contribute to many conditions, including ______. a.Depression b.Diabetes c.Cancer d.All of the above GENERAL REVIEW

39 8.Protons, neutrons, and electrons are all examples of ______. a.Genetic material b.Chemicals c.Ions d.Subatomic particles GENERAL REVIEW

40 9.Excess calories are stored as ______. a.Cholesterol b.Free radicals c.Carbohydrates d.Fat GENERAL REVIEW

41 10.Oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen account for approximately ______ of the body's mass. a.75% b.100% c.89% d.96% GENERAL REVIEW

42 11.Two or more atoms bonded together is a(n) ______. a.Molecule b.Electrolyte c.Base d.Proton GENERAL REVIEW

43 12.Two or more forms of the same atom with different masses are ______. a.Elements b.Valances c.Molecules d.Isotopes GENERAL REVIEW

44 13.Consuming too much of a mineral can result in ______. a.Cirrhosis b.Weight gain c.Toxicity d.Increased metabolism GENERAL REVIEW

45 14.______ is an example of an acid. a.Bleach b.Sodium bicarbonate c.Gastric juice d.Ammonia GENERAL REVIEW

46 15.______ is not a trace element. a.Niacin b.Copper c.Selenium d.Zinc GENERAL REVIEW

47 1.______ is the study of the structure of cells. a.Histology b.Cellology c.Cellulogy d.Cytology GENERAL REVIEW

48 2.Energy for many of the body's processes is supplied by ______. a.ATP b.ADP c.CAT d.DNA GENERAL REVIEW

49 3.The genetic information of cells is encoded in ______. a.DNA b.RNA c.ATP d.ACP GENERAL REVIEW

50 4.Most chemical activities of the cells take place in the ______. a.Spleen b.Enzymes c.Flagella d.Cytoplasm GENERAL REVIEW

51 5.The splitting of a compound into fragments by adding water is called ______. a.Hydrotherapy b.Electrolysis c.Hydrolysis d.Solution GENERAL REVIEW

52 6.Organelles are ______. a.Strands of DNA b.Atoms that split as a result of illness c.The genes that determine eye color d.Special structures in the cell that perform specific functions GENERAL REVIEW

53 7.Mitosis results in ______. a.Two daughter cells b.Two son cells c.A son and a daughter cell d.None of the above GENERAL REVIEW

54 8.Lou Gehrig disease is also known as ______. a.Multiple sclerosis b.Myasthenia gravis c.Huntington chorea d.Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis GENERAL REVIEW

55 9.Which of the following affects people of African descent? a.Parkinson disease b.Tickle cell anemia c.Sickle cell anemia d.Tay-Sachs disease GENERAL REVIEW

56 10.Genetic information is transferred from DNA to the cytoplasm by ______. a.Sperm b.ATP c.RNA d.The Golgi complex GENERAL REVIEW

57 11.The ______ is the control center of the cell. a.Membrane b.Nucleotide c.Cytoskeleton d.Nucleus GENERAL REVIEW

58 12.A birth defect due to both parents having an abnormal gene is referred to as ______. a.Active inheritance b.Recessive inheritance c.Dominant inheritance d.Prominent inheritance GENERAL REVIEW

59 13.The human genome contains ______ pairs of chromosomes. a.24 b.46 c.23 d.26 GENERAL REVIEW

60 14.A ______ cell contains a single set of chromosomes. a.Haploid b.Solenoid c.Diploid d.Dipthong GENERAL REVIEW

61 15.Every cell in the body has ______ genes. a.23 b.23 pairs of c.50,000+ d.100,000+ GENERAL REVIEW

62 1.Which of the following conditions could be caused by consuming too much carotene? a.Acne b.Profuse sweating c.Muscle cramps d.Orange ‑ tinted appearance of the skin GENERAL REVIEW

63 2.The study of the skin and its pathology is called ______. a.Dermatitis b.Dermatology c.Dermatomes d.Oncology GENERAL REVIEW

64 3.The sebaceous glands form ______. a.Hormones b.Oil c.Sweat d.Tears GENERAL REVIEW

65 4.The skin aids in the synthesis of ______. a.Calcium b.Vitamin B c.Vitamin D d.Potassium GENERAL REVIEW

66 5.Which of the following structures form perspiration? a.Sebaceous glands b.Langerhans cells c.Sudiferous glands d.Endocrine glands GENERAL REVIEW

67 6.Which of the following is the most superficial layer of skin? a.Dermis b.Epidermis c.Endodermis d.Hypodermis GENERAL REVIEW

68 7.A pigment produced in the skin that gives skin color is ______. a.Melanin b.Keratin c.Hemoglobin d.Serotonin GENERAL REVIEW

69 8.______ is caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. a.Addison disease b.Jaundice c.Cyanosis d.Carotemia GENERAL REVIEW

70 9.Candida albicans is a ______. a.Bacterium b.Microphage c.Virus d.Fungus GENERAL REVIEW

71 10.Scleroderma is ______. a.Skin that has flaked off b.Skin that has turned yellow c.Skin that has turned blue d.Skin that has hardened GENERAL REVIEW

72 11.Tactile cells are also known as ______. a.Urkel cells b.Merkel cells c.Felton cells d.Belton cells GENERAL REVIEW

73 12.______ makes the skin waterproof. a.Cuticles b.Cutin c.Chyme d.Keratin GENERAL REVIEW

74 13.A ______ is a large blister. a.Comedone b.Macule c.Bulla d.Vesicle GENERAL REVIEW

75 14.Goose bumps are caused by the ______. a.Hypodermis b.Arrector pili c.Ruffini endings d.Papules GENERAL REVIEW

76 15.______ is a contagious condition and a contraindication. a.Rosacea b.Alopecia c.Scabies d.Seborrheic keratosis GENERAL REVIEW

77 1.The human body has ______ bones. a.198 b.226 c.196 d.206 GENERAL REVIEW

78 2.Which of the following is an example of a long bone? a.Femur b.Greater trochanter c.Metatarsal d.Sternum GENERAL REVIEW

79 3.The hyoid is a(n) ______. a.Long bone b.Irregularly shaped bone c.Cuboid bone d.Short bone GENERAL REVIEW

80 4.Which term refers to the joint where two bones meet? a.Cartilage b.Articulation c.Tuberosity d.Process GENERAL REVIEW

81 5.Immovable joints are classified as ______. a.Synarthrotic b.Diarthrotic c.Amphiarthrotic d.Biarthrotic GENERAL REVIEW

82 6.An example of a freely movable joint is the ______. a.Coronal suture b.Sacroiliac c.Hip d.Xiphoid GENERAL REVIEW

83 7.The ______ function(s) as a fulcrum. a.Joint b.Tendon c.Muscle d.Blood cells GENERAL REVIEW

84 8.The most plentiful levers in the body are ______. a.First class b.Second class c.Third class d.Fourth class GENERAL REVIEW

85 9.A meatus is ______. a.A thick muscle b.A crack in the bone c.A canal d.Part of the abdominal wall GENERAL REVIEW

86 10.The coronal and sagittal sutures meet at the ______. a.Ethmoid b.Nasal concha c.Mastoid d.Fontanel GENERAL REVIEW

87 11.Bone marrow produces ______ red blood cells every minute. a.10,000 b.100,000 c.500,000 d.2,000,000 GENERAL REVIEW

88 12.The end of a long bone is called the ______. a.End-feel b.Fissure c.Epiphysis d.Fulcrum GENERAL REVIEW

89 13.The adductors of the thigh are ______ levers. a.Third class b.Cuboid c.Subluxated d.First class GENERAL REVIEW

90 14.The articulating surfaces of synovial joints are referred to as ______. a.Costal cartilages b.Facets c.Arches d.Ethmoid GENERAL REVIEW

91 15.A slight depression is a ______. a.Bipolar b.Fossa c.Lambdoidal suture d.Fissure GENERAL REVIEW

92 1.The point where muscle attaches to the moving bone is referred to as the ______. a.Belly b.Origin c.Insertion d.Fascia GENERAL REVIEW

93 2.The connective tissue that binds muscles together is the ______. a.Membrane b.Fascitis c.Fascia d.Dermatome GENERAL REVIEW

94 3.Lack of oxygen to the muscle causes ______. a.Ischemia b.Myositis c.Cyanide poisoning d.Halitosis GENERAL REVIEW

95 4.RICE is the acronym for ______. a.Redness, ischemia, compression, elevation b.Rest, ice, compression, elevation c.Redness, ice, compression, exercise d.Rest, ice, compression, exercise GENERAL REVIEW

96 5.The fleshy part of a muscle is the ______. a.Origin b.Insertion c.Belly d.End-plate GENERAL REVIEW

97 6.A progressive loss of muscle fibers without any nervous system involvement is caused by ______. a.Multiple sclerosis b.Muscular dystrophy c.Huntington disease d.Cerebral palsy GENERAL REVIEW

98 7.A progressive weakening of the muscle caused by degenerating neurons is ______. a.Muscular atrophy b.Muscular contractions c.Ferrous muscularity d.Ischemia GENERAL REVIEW

99 8.The study of the muscular system is called ______. a.Skeletology b.Anatomy c.Myology d.Osteopathy GENERAL REVIEW

100 9.The condition in which the tendon sheath is inflamed is called ______. a.Shin splints b.Sprain c.Tendonitis d.Tenosynovitis GENERAL REVIEW

101 10.The number of muscles in the human body is ______. a.1002 b.630 c.206 d.302 GENERAL REVIEW

102 11.______ is a condition also known as wry-neck. a.PPS b.Flaccidity c.Spasticity d.Torticollis GENERAL REVIEW

103 12.The only one of these conditions that could be caused by poisoning would be ______. a.Poliomyelitis b.Anterior compartment syndrome c.Myositis ossificans d.Acquired toxic myopathy GENERAL REVIEW

104 13.______ means pear-shaped. a.Platys b.Pectineus c.Pectinate d.Piriformis GENERAL REVIEW

105 14.Spreading your fingers is an example of ______. a.Abduction b.Adduction c.Eversion d.Pronation GENERAL REVIEW

106 15.The rotator cuff muscles include the ______. a.Teres minor, subscapularis, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus b.Teres major, subscapularis, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus c.Pectoralis major, subscapularis, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus d.Anterior deltoid, subclavius, subscapularis, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus GENERAL REVIEW

107 1.The nervous system includes these two separate systems: a.The CNS and the PNF b.The CVS and the PNS c.The CNS and the PNS d.The CIS and the PNF GENERAL REVIEW

108 2.The autonomic nervous system is part of the ______. a.Collating nervous system b.Enteric nervous system c.Peripheral nervous system d.Central nervous system GENERAL REVIEW

109 3.The study of the nervous system is called ______. a.Nerfology b.Neurology c.Nephrology d.Craniology GENERAL REVIEW

110 4.Neurotransmitters are ______. a.Chemical messengers b.Short hairs that move the neurons c.Flagella d.Prokaryotes GENERAL REVIEW

111 5.The two ends of a neuron are called the ______. a.Axis and dendrite b.Axon and dentine c.Axon and dendrite d.Axis and glia GENERAL REVIEW

112 6.The space between two cells is called the ______. a.Borland gap b.Axolemma c.Renshaw opening d.Synapse GENERAL REVIEW

113 7.Dopamine is ______. a.A chemical neurotransmitter b.A hormone c.Both a neurotransmitter and a hormone d.Neither a neurotransmitter nor a hormone GENERAL REVIEW

114 8.The myelin sheath is a layer of ______ surrounding the neuron. a.Insulation b.Infiltration c.Glial cells d.ATP GENERAL REVIEW

115 9.There are two main types of cells in the nervous tissue: a.Neurons and Golgi cells b.Spine cells and neurons c.Protons and glial cells d.Neurons and glial cells GENERAL REVIEW

116 10.______ is a natural opiate produced by the brain to diminish pain. a.Endocrine b.Serotonin c.Endorphin d.Melatonin GENERAL REVIEW

117 11.The only cells that send signals away from the cerebellum are ______. a.Purkinje cells b.Glial cells c.Action potentials d.Mineke cells GENERAL REVIEW

118 12.______ is damage to or destruction of a cell due to exhaustion or injury. a.Chromatolysis b.Myelination c.Refraction d.Entrapment GENERAL REVIEW

119 13.Paralysis affecting only one side of the body is referred to as ______. a.Quadriplegia b.Hemiplegia c.Transplegia d.Omniplegia GENERAL REVIEW

120 14.Transient ischemic attack is another term for ______. a.Muscle spasm b.Angina c.Mini-stroke d.Seizure GENERAL REVIEW

121 15.______ provide information about movement and position. a.Proprioceptors b.Nociceptors c.Photoceptors d.Motoceptors GENERAL REVIEW

122 1.It is estimated that the human brain contains ______ neurons. a.Approximately 1 million b.Approximately 10,000 c.Approximately 10 million d.Approximately 100 billion GENERAL REVIEW

123 22.Intelligence, reasoning, and emotion are facilitated in the ______ area of the brain. a.Motor b.Sensory c.Association d.Somatic GENERAL REVIEW

124 3.The Wernicke area of the brain ______. a.Allows recognition of colors b.Interprets speech c.Causes sinuses to drain d.Controls intentional movements GENERAL REVIEW

125 4.There are ______ pairs of nerves arising from the spinal cord. a.31 b.32 c.33 d.34 GENERAL REVIEW

126 5.The meninges include ______. a.Spinal and cranial meninges b.Cervical and abdominal meninges c.Cervical and cranial meninges d.Spinal and thoracic meninges GENERAL REVIEW

127 6.Past sensory experiences are stored in the ______. a.Broca area b.Arachnoid villi c.Motor area d.Somatosensory association area GENERAL REVIEW

128 7.The part of the brain associated with long ‑ term memory is the ______. a.Hypothalamus b.Medulla oblongata c.Hippocampus d.Pons GENERAL REVIEW

129 8.Melatonin and serotonin are produced in the ______. a.Pituitary gland b.Thyroid gland c.Sebaceous gland d.Pineal gland GENERAL REVIEW

130 9.The protective layer that keeps most substances from penetrating through to the brain from the blood is the ______. a.CAT b.CIA c.BBB d.AAL GENERAL REVIEW

131 10.The long tubules extending from the arachnoid and pia mater that act as one ‑ way valves for the cerebrospinal fluid are the ______. a.Erector pili b.Intake channels c.Arachnoid villi d.Pia mater GENERAL REVIEW

132 11.Respiratory functions are regulated in the ______. a.Cerebellum b.Solar plexus c.Amygdala d.Choroid plexus GENERAL REVIEW

133 12.The CIA is the ______. a.Cerebral integrative area b.Common intelligence area c.Cervical integrative area d.Common integrative area GENERAL REVIEW

134 13.The spinal cord extends ______. a.From the medulla oblongata to the first lumbar vertebra b.From the occiput to the coccyx c.From the medulla oblongata to the second lumbar vertebra d.From C-1 to the sacrum GENERAL REVIEW

135 14.The ______ controls higher intelligence and reasoning. a.Cerebellum b.Cerebrum c.Brain stem d.Midbrain GENERAL REVIEW

136 15.The ______ is a small almond-shaped structure. a.Amygdala b.Cauda equine c.Basal ganglia d.Sulcus GENERAL REVIEW

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