2Copy Individuals band together to form special interest groups. They use their presence and resources to attempt to get the government to do or stop doing what they see fit.
3Public policy236 all the goals that a government pursues in human affairsSeat beltsSpeed limitsZoningFlood controlOld-age pensionsMilitary interventionEtc.
4Economic interests Trade association 244 Businesses, often in the same type of business.American Trucking AssociationNational Restaurant AssociationAmerican Bankers Association
5Labor union 244 Workers in the same industry or type of job AFL-CIO Retail Clerks International UnionInternational Association of MachinistsAerospace WorkersAmerican Federation of State, County, and Municipal Workers
6Public-interest group 247 interested in issues that affect most of all of the people in the nation.Public Citizen, Inc.League of Women Voters
7Single-interest group 251 PACs that concentrate their efforts on one issueAbortionGun controlHealth care
8Lobbying251 activities by which groups put pressure on members of the government.US
9LobbyingJack Abramoff, lobbyist convicted of criminal practices, speaks to Colbert about his activities…..Lobbying is legal, but what did Abramoff do to end up in prison?Fraud and conspiracyWhy does Abramoff believe lobbying in general is bad?They use money and perks, even write the bills for politicians to push through Congress.What kind of lobbying tool does Abramoff cite as the most dangerous?Campaign contributions (favors and money)
10Grass roots253 interest groups starting with ordinary people, on small scale, but grow as their number of supporters increasesTea Party Movement
11Multimedia Magnet Project: You will profile an Interest group of your choice.Submit a list on Monday, _______________.Five Interest Groups you would prefer to cover.One will be selected from your list by next Wednesday.Try to pick at least one that no other student might request…..The instructions for the project will be distributed next week.
12Project Handout: Interest group project: PPT/portfolio Give me an interest list of 5 interest groups you know of. Put them in order of importance for a project. First, most want to report on, etc.What “community” is this group trying to effect?What does this group offer to the community?What participation does this group offer to individuals in it?What groups might oppose this group?What media methods does this group use?What contact methods does this group use?How successful will this group be? Explain.Due: one week before final….. TBA: ___________________
14ECList and describe the three main areas in which political parties and interest groups differ236 Interest groups (3)236 Political parties (3)Contribute to candidatesInfluence governmentConcerned with a narrow issueNominate candidatesControl governmentAll public affairs concern them
15EC: How do interest groups stimulate interest in public affairs? (2) 236 Publicizing their policiesDrawing attention to their policies
16EC Name some functions of interest groups (5) 236 stimulate interest in public affairsRepresent shared values of membersProvide specialized information to governmentEncourage political participationCheck and balance the political process
17EC What is the main criticism of interest groups? (3) 236 they do not represent the interests of the entire country.They may have too much influenceThey use unethical tactics
18EC: At what point does an organization become an interest group? (2) 242 when it tries to influence the actions of government,Promotes its own political goals and interests in government
19EC What are the four major types of interest groups? 242BusinessLaborAgricultureProfessional
20EC: Give an example for each group (4) 242 business:United States Brewer’s AssociationLabor:the AFL-CIOAgriculture:The National GrangeProfessional:the American Medical Association
21EC: How does a trade union differ from a labor union? (2) 242 Represents a business segmentWorkers in same/similar type of job/work in the same industry.
22EC: For what reasons, other than economic, are interest groups created 242 to promote causeswelfare of certain groups,religion
23EC: How does a public interest group differ from other interest groups? 242 they focus on the roles that will benefit all Americans, not specific ones.
24EC: For what three reasons do interest groups reach out to the public 249 supply people with what they think is necessary informationBuild a positive image for the groupPromote particular public policies
25EC: Why do some interest groups use propaganda? 249 to influence public attitudes toward their agendas
26EC: What are some propaganda techniques? (5) 249Name callingLabelingWell-known symbols (positive and negative)Band-wagon approachPlain-folks approach
27EC: Why do interest groups try to influence political parties? 249 ensure that their ideas will have a chance to influence government policymaking
28EC: How is lobbying used to influence public policy? (4) 249 disseminate informationTestifying before congressional panelsOrganizing grass-roots supportPublishing ratings of politicians
29Images:237, questionThey are all trying to raise public awareness of issues important to them
30Images:238, questionIndividuals have a chance to participate, be involved in the political processBring people together who share interests
31Images 240, question, That Congress does what the interest groups want + name a successful interest group you might be aware of
32Images:243, question,In order to spread their influence over a variety of areas that might affect the business.
33Images:244, questionsA.1945, 1955B.High unemployment rate after WW II made workers feel they needed protection. Many joined unions.
34Images: 250, question Interest groups influence their members They get many votes
35Images: 251, questions, A. Number and variety of PACs stayed stable B. Raise campaign fundsIncrease in number of PACs shows the effect of strict “hard money” regulations.PACs are not regulated nor reported.+ what does the cartoonist suggest about PACs?Student response should be supported by the text.
36Images: 253, question, It is readily available Information can be continually and quickly updated+ how far can the Internet reach for these groups?Student response should be supported by the text.
37Images:257, question,28A.CongressB.Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address29Without affiliation (identification, cooperation) with special interest groups, members of Congress cannot serve the people.why aren’t the “people” as powerful as some interest groups?Ordinary people are not organized enough toHave the money to make large contributions to politicians and issues.Reach a large part of the American population
38How could an interest group's policies not be in the best interests of other Americans? There are few limits on what an interest group might want to see as a public policy change.For example, one interest group might support the building of an inland ocean to protect endangered sea animals.That plan might cause citizens to lose their homes and lands, and farmers to lose their farms.
39How does our government's system of checks and balances affect the work of interest groups? It allows interest groups to function at different levels of government and to work to influence one or all of the branches.For example, if an interest group cannot effect a change locally, it can mount a national campaign.If Congress does not respond to an interest group's needs, the group can try to influence the Courts' rulings or the executive branch's decisions in its favor.
40How did the development of mass media relate to the expanded use of propaganda? Without mass media, propaganda could not be effectively used to influence many people.The fact that mass media reaches many people almost instantly allows the message to reach and affect many people in a timely way.
41How did the development of mass media relate to the expanded use of propaganda? Jon Stewart points out the practices of FOX NEWS’ talk shows using the recent comments made by President Obama about their attacks on him…… Stewart calling them a “spite-driven anger machine.”What examples does Stewart point out?FOX accusing Obama of distracting public from one issue FOX is obsessed with using to put Obama down with by dealing with other issues.What does Obama think FOX’ real goal is?Distract public from Obama successes.
42What does the use of propaganda show about propagandists' attitudes and beliefs about people? Propagandists might assume that people's viewpoints can be influenced and their behavior can be changed.Some of the techniques used suggest that propagandists do not believe that people carefully examine the information that reaches them via the mass media.Some propagandists seem to believe that people can be fooled by biased information.