Presentation on theme: "Political Parties Political participation is an important duty of citizens in a democracy. Political parties are one way for citizens to participate."— Presentation transcript:
Political Parties Political participation is an important duty of citizens in a democracy. Political parties are one way for citizens to participate. Political parties organize to nominate and elect government officials and to shape government policies.
Political Parties The two major political parties in Texas – and the United States_ are the Democrats and the Republicans. The Democratic Party dominated Texas politics for about 100 years after Reconstruction. Texas was virtually a one- party state during this time.
Political Parties Since the late 1970’s the Republicans have held may statewide political offices, and Texas has become a two-party state. Although third parties sometimes have influenced Texas politics in certain eras, they have not greatly affected state politics in recent years.
Political Parties Parties tend to disagree with one another on political issues. Republicans and Democrats want Texas to have a strong economy, but differ on the role that government should play in reaching that goal. Both parties work hard to win the support of Texans on these and other issues.
Interest Groups and Political Action Committees Many Texans take part in the political process by forming or joining interest groups. These groups thy to affect decisions made by those in government. The lobby, or try to persuade, public officials to support the group’s goals. Interest groups hire lobbyists to meet with public officials, such as legislators. Mothers Against Drunk Driving supports the passage of laws designed to prevent drunk driving
Interest Groups and Political Action Committees Fundraising is also an important part of the political process. Contributions to political candidates can be made directly or through Political Action Committees (PACs) PACs are groups that raise and spend money for a candidate.
Interest Groups and Political Action Committees The money pays for advertisements on radio, television and in newspapers. Texas sets no limit on how much money a PAC can accept and how the money is spent. PACs provide another way for Texans to participate in the political process.