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Simple/compound interest & investments/risk v return.

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Presentation on theme: "Simple/compound interest & investments/risk v return."— Presentation transcript:

1 simple/compound interest & investments/risk v return

2 Insurance Clicker Quiz Grab Your Clickers

3 1) What type of insurance should you get to cover medical expenses? A) Life B) Health C) Property D) Disability

4 2) What type of insurance should you get to cover your loss of income in case of injury or illness? A) Life B) Health C) Unemployment D) Disability

5 3) Your insurance provider paid $2,600 of your hospital bill, but you had to pay the other $300 of it. What is the word for the amount you paid? A) Premium B) Deductible C) Liability D) Subsidy

6 4) You pay $12 a month for property insurance on your record collection. What is the word for this payment? A) Premium B) Deductible C) Liability D) Subsidy

7 5) While delivering the mail, a postman gets struck in the arm by a passing car. An ambulance takes him to the hospital, and after x-rays and other tests are done, the doctor states that no bones were broken and no permanent damage was done. Which of the following types of insurance would be MOST beneficial for the postman as a result of this accident? A) Auto B) Disability C) Health D) Life

8 6) Carlton is injured while working at a retail store. Which type of insurance is MOST LIKELY to provide benefits while he is temporarily out of work? A. life insurance B. disability insurance C. property insurance D. automobile insurance

9 7) Alicia owns a home in the suburbs. If a neighbor wrecks an automobile in Alicia's yard and damages property, Alicia is protected from financial loss by A. the neighbor's automobile liability policy. B. the neighbor's property insurance policy. C. Alicia's disability insurance policy. D. Alicia's automobile liability policy.

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11 “Can I Afford It?” Video Clip

12 “How To Be A Millionaire” Challenge (On Clickers)

13 Activity How to Really Be A Millionaire Most millionaires are college graduates. T F

14 Activity How to Really Be A Millionaire Most millionaires work fewer than 40 hours a week. T F

15 Activity How to Really Be A Millionaire More than 1/2 of all millionaires never inherited any money from anybody. T F

16 Activity How to Really Be A Millionaire More millionaires have American Express Gold Cards than Sears cards. T F

17 Activity How to Really Be A Millionaire More millionaires drive Fords than Cadillacs. T F

18 Activity How to Really Be A Millionaire Most millionaires work for big Fortune 500 companies. T F

19 Activity How to Really Be A Millionaire Many poor people become millionaires by winning the lottery. T F

20 Activity How to Really Be A Millionaire College graduates earn about 65% more than high school graduates earn. T F

21 Activity How to Really Be A Millionaire Day traders usually beat the stock market & many of them become millionaires. T F

22 Activity How to Really Be A Millionaire If you want to be a millionaire, avoid the risky stock market. T F

23 Activity How to Really Be A Millionaire At age 18, you decide not to smoke & save $1.50 a day. You invest this $1.50 a day at 8% annual interest until you are 67. At age 67, your savings from not smoking are almost $300,000. T F

24 Activity How to Really Be A Millionaire Single people are more often millionaires than married people. T F -Compound interest lesson, FF4L how to really be a millionaire

25 Investment Vocabulary Principal: money borrowed or invested. Does not include interest paid. Interest: The price of borrowing money, stated as a percentage. Simple interest: calculated based on principal only. Compound interest: interest calculated based on principal + previous interest earned. –Monthly better than quarterly better than yearly (for savers/lenders).

26 Bean Activity Compound Interest

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29 Compound Interest Video Clip

30 Basic Investment Considerations

31 Who likes what best???? Savers Borrowers Simple Interest Compound Interest

32 Basic Investment Considerations Consistently invest Start investing early Diversify (invest in different types of things)

33 Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis, Data through July 2009 U.S. Households Saving More of Disposable Income (Chinese Save 25%) 33

34 Critical Need to Build Savings and Investment 1/3 of adults have no savings. Only 11% of workers under age 35 contribute to a 401-K plan. Medicare hospital coverage funded only through Social Security currently funded only through Unless economic growth speeds up dramatically, policy makers will either have to raise taxes or reduce benefits. Conclusion: young people must begin to save and invest earlier. But, in order to save, young people must spend less….Opportunity Cost. 34

35 Risk vs. Return Risk: the probable frequency and probable magnitude of future loss. Return: to bring in (as profit). What is the relationship between these two???????????????????????????????

36 The GREATER the risk, the GREATER the possible reward. In careers. In relationships. In sports. In investments.

37 Investment Options CD (Certificate of Deposit): like a savings account you agree not to withdraw from for a certain period of time. Mutual Fund: a corporation that exists only to buy stock in other corporations (easy way to diversify) IRAs & 401(k)s: tax sheltered retirement plans Bond: JUST A LOAN –to corporation (corporate bond) –to government (Treasury bond) –to local government (municipal bond)

38 Risk vs. Return Activity Risk Return Bonds Stocks Savings Acct’s CD’s Mutual Funds

39 Basic Investment Considerations - Continued The Relationship Between Risk & Return Return Risk Savings Accounts CD’s Mutual Funds Bonds Stocks

40 Asset Pyramid: Proceed from Bottom Up 40

41 Not A Gamble: U.S. Stock Market History 41

42 Why Stay with Stocks? Long-Term Annual Returns ( ) Small Company Stocks: 11.7% (most risk) Large Company Stocks: 9.6% Long Term Corp. Bonds: 5.9% US Treasury Bills: 3.7% (least risk) Inflation: 3.0%

43 Real Gambling: The Odds (about 50% of American adults spend $45 billion /year on lotteries) Mega Millions (Jackpot): 1 in 175,711,536 U.S. Powerball: 1 in 80,089,128 The Big Game (GA): 1 in 76,275,360 Being killed by lightning: 1 in 10,000,000 Mega Millions ($250K): 1 in 3,900,000 Getting a royal flush in poker on first five cards: 1 in 649,740 House being struck by lightning: 1 in 280,000 Becoming a professional athlete: 1 in 22,000 Dying in car accident: 1 in 18,585 Being murdered: 1 in 18,000 Source: MSN Money

44 Consider Investment Options Around the Room Move to the point in the room that best represents your desired mixture of investments between the ages of 20 and 30.

45 Consider Investment Options Around the Room Move to the point in the room that best represents your desired mixture of investments between the ages of 50 and 60.

46 If you choose to invest money, your two big options are stocks and bonds. Why is this guy recommending what he’s recommending?

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48 1) A man has $100 to invest and hopes to receive 10 times the amount back ($1,000) by the end of 5 years. This could be BEST accomplished by A placing the money in a savings and loan account B depositing the money in a commercial bank account C purchasing $100 worth of stock in a start-up company D buying $50 worth of bonds and investing $50 in a mutual fund

49 2) Bob has $25,000 that he would like to invest in a diversified manner. Bob's BEST investment option to accomplish this goal would be to A. purchase $25,000 worth of a company's stock. B. purchase $25,000 worth of zero coupon bonds. C. purchase $25,000 worth of shares in a mutual fund. D. purchase $25,000 worth of U.S. government securities.

50 3) Eric has $2,000 that he wants to place in a savings account. He has researched two accounts, and both pay 3.5% interest. Account X pays simple interest. Account Y pays compound interest. Eric should choose A. account X because it would pay tax free interest. B. account Y because it would pay interest on interest. C. account X because the interest rate would increase over time. D. account Y because the interest rate would decrease over time.

51 4) Why does consistent investing over long time periods yield large returns for investors? A) Simple Interest B) Compound Interest

52 5) Bonds are most like A) stocks B) insurance C) savings accounts D) loans

53 6) Which would be the best deal for the borrower on a 2 year loan for $5,000: A) 7% simple interest B) 7% compounded monthly C) 7% compounded quarterly

54 7) Which would be the best deal for the lender on a 2 year loan for $5,000: A) 7% simple interest B) 7% compounded monthly C) 7% compounded quarterly

55 End

56 Higher Returns Require Taking More Risk; Diversify to Reduce Risk 56

57 Basic Investment Categories 1.Stocks (Equities): You own part of a co. 1.Mutual Funds, index funds (one way to diversify) 2.ETFS 3.Individual Stocks 2.Bonds (Fixed Income): You lend to gov’t or corp. 1.Government 2.Corporate 3.High Yield 3.Commodities 1.Mutual funds, ETFs 4.Real Estate 1.Direct Investment 2.ETFs 5.Cash 57

58 Huge Advantage From Starting Early (Saving $100/month at age 25, assumes 8% return/year vs. starting at age 35) Source: Massena Education 58

59 Bell Ringer You’re going to be saving money pretty soon (if you’re not already). Which of these places will you keep your money, and why? –Stock Market (you pick the stocks) –Stock Market (mutual funds, or let an advisor pick the stocks) –Savings Account –Checking Account –Cash Hidden Somewhere –Retirement Account –Some combination of the above (which ones?) –None of the above (what then?)


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