Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 11 Date: February 8, 2011 Topic: Interest Groups Aim: How do interest groups impact the political process? Do Now: Chapter 11 Vocabulary Quiz."— Presentation transcript:
1 CHAPTER 11Date: February 8, Topic: Interest Groups Aim: How do interest groups impact the political process? Do Now: Chapter 11 Vocabulary Quiz Friday 2/11
2 March 2, 2011Do Now: Multiple Choice QuestionsNotes.Test Friday Chapters 9, 10, and 11.I need, not want, but need AP checks if not submitted already.INEEDTHEM.
3 The Role and Reputation of Interest Groups Defining Interest GroupsAn organization of people with a shared policy goal, entering the policy process at several points to try to achieve those goals. Interest groups pursue their goals in many arenas.Political Parties fight election battles, Interest Groups don’t- but they may choose sides.Interest Groups are policy specialists.WHY IS A POLITICIAN WHO IS ACCUSED OF CATERING TO SPECIAL INTERESTS THOUGHT OF IN A NEGATIVE LIGHT?
4 The Role and Reputation of Interest Groups Why Interest Groups Get Bad PressThe writers of the Constitution disliked organized groups- parties and interest groups.Dishonest lobbyists get more press than the honest ones- even though there are far more honest lobbyists.The term “lobbying” in general has negative connotations.
5 Theories of Interest Group Politics YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO EXPLAIN INTEREST GROUPS IN LIGHT OF THESE THREE THEORIES!Pluralist TheoryElite TheoryHyperpluralist TheoryOH REALLY? REALLY?Click on name to go to that slide.
6 Theories of Interest Group Politics- Pluralism Definition:Politics is mainly a competition among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies.Many centers of power and many diverse, competing groups.No group wins or loses all the time.Groups provide the key link between the people and the government.OH YEAH! LINKAGE INSTITUTION! OH YEAH!
7 Theories of Interest Group Politics- Pluralism Continued…Groups compete.No group becomes too dominant.Groups play by the rules.Groups weak in one resource can rely on another resource.
8 Theories of Interest Group Politics- Elitism Definition:Societies are divided along class lines and that an upper-class elite will rule, regardless of the formal niceties of governmental organization.Numerous groups means nothing, the power is not equally divided among them- some have much more.The largest corporations hold the most power.
9 Theories of Interest Group Politics- Elitism Continued…The power is strengthened by a system of interlocking directorates of these corporations and other institutions.Corporate elites are willing to lose the minor policy battles, but work to win the major policy issues in their favor.Lobbying is a problem because it benefits the few at the expense of the many.
10 March 3, 2011 Test Tomorrow chapters 9,10, and 11. Do Now: Multiple Choice QuestionsNotes.Video Time.Test Tomorrow chapters 9,10, and 11.
11 Theories of Interest Group Politics- Hyperpluralism Definition:Groups are so strong that government is weakened. Extreme, exaggerated form of pluralism.Iron Triangles closed, mutually supported relationships between interest groups and the government - keep government from working properly.Interest groups have become too powerful since the government tries to serve every interest.
13 Theories of Interest Group Politics- Hyperpluralism Continued…The many subgovernments (iron triangles) aggravate the process.When the government tries to please all the groups, the policies become confusing and contradictory.But with more interest groups getting involved, these subgovernments may be dissolving.
14 What Makes an Interest Group Successful? 1. American Association of Retired Persons2. National Rifle Association3. National Federation of Independent Business4. American Israel Public Affairs Committee5. AFL-CIO6. Association of Trial Lawyers7. Chamber of Commerce8. National Right to Life Committee9. National Education Association10. National Restaurant AssociationThe Top 10 from Table 11.1
15 What Makes an Interest Group Successful? The Surprising Ineffectiveness of Large GroupsFree-Rider problem: Some people don’t join interest groups because they benefit from the group’s activities without officially joining.The bigger the group, the larger the free-rider problem.Large groups are difficult to keep organized.THIN MINTS!
16 What makes Interest Groups powerful? SizePower of AARP – 25% of the population 50 and over.Intensity – Drive or effort put forth (single issue groups fall into this category).MoneyForm a PAC (Political Action Committee) – donate money to campaigns and advertising.
17 What Makes an Interest Group Successful? IntensitySingle-Issue groups: Groups that focus on a narrow interest and dislike compromise.Groups may focus on an emotional issue, providing them with a psychological advantage.May be more likely to use protests and other means of political participation than traditional interest groups that use lobbyists.
18 What Makes an Interest Group Successful? Financial ResourcesNot all groups have equal amounts of money.Monetary donations usually translate into access to the politicians- a phone call, a meeting, etc.There is a bias towards the wealthier groups.But, the wealthier groups don’t always win in the policy arena.
20 How Groups Try to Shape Policy Lobbying“communication by someone other than a citizen acting on his own behalf, directed to a governmental decisionmaker with the hope of influencing his decision.”Two basic types: Those that are employed by a group, and those that are hired temporarily.
21 How Groups Try to Shape Policy Lobbyists are a source of information.Lobbyists can help politicians plan political strategies for legislation.Lobbyists can help politicians plan political strategies for reelection campaigns.Lobbyists can provide ideas and innovations that can be turned into policies that the politician can take credit for.
22 How Groups Try to Shape Policy ElectioneeringDirect group involvement in the election process.Political Action Committee (PAC): Used by corporations and unions to donate money to candidates. Sometimes used by groups as well.Groups are often picky about who gets money.Groups can do more than just donate money.
23 How Groups Try to Shape Policy LitigationIf an interest group fails in one area, the courts may be able to provide a remedy.Interest groups can file amicus curiae briefs in court cases to support their position.Class Action lawsuits permit small groups of people to try and correct a situation on behalf of a much larger group.
24 How Groups Try to Shape Policy Going PublicGroups try and cultivate a good public image.Groups use marketing strategies to influence public opinion of the group and its issues.Groups will purchase advertising to motivate the public about an issue.Currently, some groups use a more “soft sell” approach style of public relations.
25 Types of Interest Groups Economic InterestsLaborAgricultureBusinessEnvironmental InterestsEquality InterestsConsumer and Public Interest Lobbies
26 Understanding Interest Groups Interest Groups and DemocracyA wide open government would force groups to compete and counterbalance each other.More groups means more lobbyists and thus better democracy to some.Others argue that groups are not equal and some get more than they should, which is not good for democracy.
27 Understanding Interest Groups Interest Groups and the Scope of GovernmentInterest groups seek to maintain policies and programs that benefit them.Interest groups continue to pressure government to do more things.But as the government does more things, does that cause the formation of more groups?