Presentation on theme: "Political Parties, Interest Groups, & the Media"— Presentation transcript:
1 Political Parties, Interest Groups, & the Media American Government Content Statement #2:Political parties, interest groups and the media provide opportunities for civic involvement through various means.
2 What is a political party? Organization whose members hold similar views on public issuesSeek to determine public policy through winning of elections & having members hold public office
3 What do political parties do? Nominate candidatesRally supportersParticipate in governmentMake sure officeholders/members are successfulWatchdog over “the other party”
4 Two-Party System Dominant political system in the United States Republicans & Democrats
5 Characteristics of the Republican Party (GOP) Favor private market forces in the economy (laissez faire)Believe Federal Government should be less involved in social welfare programsSmall governmentConservative social views
6 Grand Old Party[They define] themselves as the party of first principles, that is, the original American values and models — individualism, pioneering spirit, free enterprise, anti-centralism and anti- bureaucracy, family values and neighborly spirit etc.Model their views after Abraham Lincoln
7 Famous Republicans Newt Gingrich Rush Limbaugh John Boehner Ronald ReaganArnold SchwarzeneggerRudolph GiulianiTed Nugent
8 Characteristics of the Democratic Party Support social welfare programsFavor government regulation of business practicesSupport efforts to improve status of minoritiesBig governmentLiberal social & political views
9 Democratic Party They define themselves: For over 200 years, Democrats have stood for the idea that wealth and status should not be an entitlement to rule. Democrats recognize that our country and our economy are strongest when they provide opportunity for all Americans— when we grow our country from the bottom up.Democrats stand for an abiding faith in the judgment of hardworking American families, and a commitment to helping the excluded, the disenfranchised and the poor strengthen our nation by earning themselves a piece of the American Dream. We remember that our country was sculpted by immigrants and slaves, their children and grandchildren. Even today, it is our diversity above all else that provides us with our enduring strength.Model their views after Andrew Jackson
10 Famous Democrats Bruce Springsteen Barack Obama Hillary Clinton Ted KennedyAl GoreJohn StewartF.D.R.
11 Differences between the Parties The following video clips are intended as a comical view on both political parties and should not, in any way be taken seriously or literally.Additionally, these clips do not in any way represent the beliefs of any Mayfield High School staff member or Mayfield High School as a whole.daily-show-explains-republicans- democrats_n_ html
12 What is a Radical?Seen as being on the far left of the political spectrum, radicals call for wide- sweeping rapid change in the basic structure of the political, social, or economic system.They may be willing to resort to extreme methods to bring about change, including the use of violence and revolution.
13 What is a Liberal?Liberals believe that the government should be actively involved in the promotion of social welfare of a nation’s citizens.They usually call for peaceful, gradual change within the existing political system.They reject violent revolution as a way of changing the way things are, often called the status quo.
14 What is a Moderate?Moderates may share viewpoints with both liberals and conservatives.They are seen as tolerant of other people’s views, and they do not hold extreme views of their own.They advocate a “go-slow” or “wait-and- see” approach to social or political change.
15 What is a Conservative?People who hold conservative ideals favor keeping things the way they are or maintaining the status quo if it is what they desire.Conservatives are usually hesitant or cautious about adopting new policies, especially if they involve government activism in some way.They feel that the less government there is, the better.They agree with Jefferson’s view that “the best government governs least.”
16 What is a Reactionary?Sitting on the far right of the ideological spectrum, reactionaries want to go back to the way things were—the “good ol’ days.” Often reactionaries are willing to use extreme methods, such as repressive use of government power, to achieve their goals.The term “reactionary is generally negative. A positive way to say the same thing is “arch-conservative.”
18 Roles of Third Parties Keep major parties in check Call attention to controversial issues that major parties may notMay also rally around a specific issueActs as a ‘spoiler’ during elections
19 Third Party Candidates George Wallace –Presidential candidate 1968Ross Perot –Presidential candidate in 1992 and 1996Ralph Nader –Presidential candidate 2004Ken Lanci – Cuyahoga Council(newly created office) candidate in 2010
20 The Tea PartyGrassroots movement to “give the power of the government back to the people”NOT a political party…rather extreme conservatives hoping to secure Republican candidate nominationMichele Bachmann isfront-runner candidate
21 Third PartiesLibertarian Party - total individual liberty (pro-drug legalization, pro-choice, pro-gay marriage, pro-home schooling, pro-gun rights, etc.) and total economic freedom (anti- welfare, anti-government regulation of business, anti-minimum wage, anti-income tax, pro-free trade)Green Party of the United States - Committed to environmentalism, non-violence, social justice and grassroots organizingConstitution Party - strongly pro-life, anti-gun control, anti-tax, anti-immigration, trade protectionist, "anti-New World Order," anti-United Nations, anti-gay rights, anti- welfare, and pro-school prayer.
22 What is an Interest Group? An organization whose members hold similar views on public issuesSeek to influence the making & execution of public policyThrough engaging in political and public policy processes
23 How Do They Differ From Political Parties? Interest Groups DON’Tnominate candidatesFocus on winning electionsConcern themselves with a broad range of issues
24 Benefits of Interest Groups Stimulate interest in public affairsServe as a vehicle for participation in the political processHealth Care Advocacy Group Leads Protest Over Governor's Proposed Cuts
25 Criticisms of Interest Groups Having influence disproportionate to their sizeOccasionally use unethical tactics
26 Types of Interest Groups Most people belong to several organizations defined as an interest groupMost represent economic interestsBusiness, labor, agriculture, certain professionsSome are devoted to social and political causes, religious interests, or the welfare of a certain segment of the populationPublic-interest groups work for some aspect of the public goodList of interest groups by type:
27 What do Interest Groups do? Supply the public with information favorable to the group’s causeWork to build a positive image for the groupPromote the group’s policiesFrequently use propaganda to achieve their goals
28 Citizens United v. FEC (2010) Political spending is a form of protected speech under the First AmendmentThe government may not keep corporations or unions from spending money to support or denounce individual candidates in elections.
29 Impact of Citizens United Super PAC’s can be createdThey may raise unlimited fundsThey do not need to disclose where they got their money fromThey can spend their money supporting or opposing any candidate they wish as long as their money isn’t directly given to the candidate
30 Lobbyists – Who they are… Lobbying is the process of persuading public officials to take actions favorable to a given organized group. Lobbyists are usually paid employees or hired hands for an interest group. They have access to public officials and present the concerns, agenda, and needs of the interest group.
31 Lobbyists – What they do… Access is the most important advantage which lobbyists have over ordinary people. Lobbyists build up rapport with public officials over years, often decades. Having the elected official as a college buddy, former business associate, or family member certainly helps.
32 Fortune Power 25 – Most Influential Interest Groups in Washington National Rifle Association of America- Gun OwnershipAARP- Senior CitizensNational Federation of Independent Business- Small and Independent BusinessesAmerican Israel Public Affairs Committee- Pro-Israel PolicyAmerican Association for Justice- LawyersAFL-CIO- Union LeadershipChamber of Commerce of the United States of America- Big BusinessNational Beer Wholesalers Association- AlcoholNational Association of Realtors- Real EstateNational Association of Manufacturers- Industrial BusinessNational Association of Home Builders of the United States- Home ConstructionAmerican Medical Association- DoctorsAmerican Hospital Association- Hospitals
33 Fortune Power 25 (continued) National Education Association of the United States- EducationAmerican Farm Bureau Federation- AgricultureMotion Picture Association of America- MoviesNational Association of Broadcasters- TV and Radio BroadcastersNational Right to Life Committee- Pro-Life PolicyHealth Insurance Association of America- Health InsuranceNational Restaurant Association- RestaurantNational Governors' Association- GovernorsRecording Industry Association of America- MusiciansAmerican Bankers Association- Banking and LendingPharmaceutical Research & Manufacturers of America- PharmaceuticalsInternational Brotherhood of Teamsters- Blue-Collar Labor
35 Media in PoliticsUse of various means of mass communication with different audiencesprint (books, magazines, and newspapers)Even a sign someone is holding during a rally or demonstrationRecordingsCinemaRadioTelevisionInternetMobile (Smartphones, IPads, Tablet PCs)
36 Media in Politics (cont.) Used heavily by political parties & interest groupsinfluence the political and public policy processHelp to set public agendaSocietal problems political leaders & citizens agree need government attentionPlays a central role in electoral politics
37 Media Influence Limited Many people use mass media for entertainment & not informationFew people follow international, national, or local politics closelyThose who do are selectivePay attention to sources that generally agree with their viewpoints (liberal vs. conservative)
38 Newspapers and Television ConservativeLiberalThe Washington Times - Politics, US and World NewsLA TimesThe Washington Examiner - Washington DC Political NewsWashington PostThe New York Post - Gossip, Sports, Entertainment and MoreNew York TimesThe Wall Street Journal - Business and Financial NewsUSA TodayFOX NewsMSNBC
39 Examples of Media Bias http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YxAO 7cH-xrE Palin-Couric InterviewfMCRECouric explains interviewXuS0Bill O’Reilly Interviews Sarah Palin
40 How Parties and Interest Groups Influence the Public Using the media to enforce or introduce ideas or various perspectivesCan come from newspapers, magazines, radio and TV commercials, internet sites and advertisements, and other print sources, i.e. sides of buses
41 Card Stacking Deliberate action is taken to bias an argument Opposing evidence being buried or discreditedThe case for one's own positionis exaggerated at every opportunity
42 Plain FolkMake the leaders look just like mom'n'pop-style 'plain folks‘ through dress, speech and actioni.e. video footage of politicians going grocery shopping or joggingWhen politicians go campaigning they tend to dress like the people they are trying to win the votes of
43 TestimonialIf your words might lack credibility in some way, borrow the credibility of others by getting the testimony of trusted others.Pop culture celebrities endorsing a political candidate or issueProfessionals or experts in their field speaking out on behalf of an issue or candidate
44 What Types of Messages are Sent Logical argument - sensible point of view supporting an ideaAd hominem attack - attacks a person rather than answer arguments about an issuePositive Image - focusing solely on the positive aspects of person or issue
45 Examples–Star Wars Immunization-LA Department of Public Health Vaccinations-OH Right to Life's anti-Obama ad- Paul McCartney-Willie Horton 1988 Attack Ad-John McCain Celebrity Ad–Anti-McCain ad-Anti Sarah Palin Campaign-Montana Meth Project-Montana Meth Project video