Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Www.contmediausa.com Points of Interest Acromion Process Lateral Epicondyle Radial Process of Ulna Styloid Process of Ulna CMC, MCP, PIP, DIP Metacarpals.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Www.contmediausa.com Points of Interest Acromion Process Lateral Epicondyle Radial Process of Ulna Styloid Process of Ulna CMC, MCP, PIP, DIP Metacarpals."— Presentation transcript:

1 Points of Interest Acromion Process Lateral Epicondyle Radial Process of Ulna Styloid Process of Ulna CMC, MCP, PIP, DIP Metacarpals Humerus Femur

2 Points of Interest Ulna Greater Trochanter Anterior Superior Iliac Spine External Auditory Meatus Top of Skull Inferior Angle of Scapula External Occipital Protuberance Cervical Vertebrae Thoracic Vertebrae Sacral Vertebrae

3 Points of Interest These points of interest will be explored in greater detail in the individual tests By the end of the experiments, students will be able to locate and name these points of interest

4 Tools for Experiments Goniometer Tape Measurer Chair or Stool Towel Table or Bench Spread Sheet for Data

5 Set 1 of Test (Standing) 1. Torsal Rotation 2. Scapular Motion 3. Neck Movement 4. Spinal Extension

6 Torsal Rotation Points of Interest: Acromion Process Top of Skull

7 Torsal Rotation Subject in standing neutral position Goniometer is placed on center of skull Acromion process is located Line up with the right shoulder Both arms of goniometer are lined up with acromion process Subject rotates torso to the right One arm of goniometer remains stationary while the other finds the final location of acromion process after rotation

8 Scapular Motion above Head Points of Interest: Inferior angle of Scapula Thoracic Vertebra

9 Subject is standing in neutral position Hands by side Inferior Angle of Scapula located Thoracic Vertebrae horizontal to Inferior Angle is located Use a tape measurer Head of tape measurer placed at Inferior angle Measure to the Thoracic Vertebrae (centimeters) Scapular Motion above Head

10 Subject will rotate their arm above head Start from side and rotate out and upward Locate the same two points of interest Measure horizontally from the Thoracic to the Inferior Angle Scapular Motion above Head

11 Perform the same experiment in opposite direction Same points of interest Instead of subject rotating arm above their head, it will rotate behind their back Measurements will be taken the same as before Scapular Motion behind Back

12 Scapular Adduction Subject is standing in neutral position Arm and elbow making a 90 degree angle with the ground The elbow should be bent with the palm balled into a fist making a 90 degree angle at the elbow Inferior Angle of Scapula located Thoracic Vertebrae horizontal to Inferior Angle is located Use a tape measurer Head of tape measurer placed at Inferior angle Measure to the Thoracic Vertebrae (centimeters)

13 Subject will rotate their arm to full adduction in front of their chest Locate the same two points of interest Measure horizontally from the Thoracic to the Inferior Angle Scapular Adduction

14 Scapular Abduction Perform the same experiment in opposite direction Same points of interest Instead of subject rotating arm in front of chest, they will rotate their arm in the hind position Measurements will be taken the same as before

15 Neck Motion library.thinkquest.org Points of Interest: External Occipital Protuberance C7 Vertebrae

16 Neck Motion Subject should stand in neutral position Hands by side Locate the Occipital Protuberance and Cervical Vertebrae (C7) Use Goniometer Fully extend the goniometer and place the center of the goniometer at the C7 The stationary arm is parallel to the ground The moving arm is placed at Protuberance

17 Neck Motion Subject will flex their neck in toward their right shoulder The moving arm will move to find the final position of the Occipital Protuberance

18 Spinal Extension Points of Interest: Cervical Vertebrae 7 Sacral Vertebrae 1

19 Spinal Extension Subject is in a standing neutral position Arms by side Locate the C7 and S1 vertebrae on the spine Use a tape measurer Measure from the C7 to the S1 in centimeters The subject will bend forward at the waist Similar to doing a spinal test at the doctor Try to touch the fingers to toes

20 Spinal Extension Take final measurements from the new location of the C7 and S1 vertebrae

21 Set 2 of Test (Sitting) 1. Neck Rotation 2. Shoulder Joint Rotation 3. Wrist Rotation 4. Hip Joint Rotation 5. Metacarpal Extension

22 Neck Rotation bruticus.cottages.polycount.com Points of Interest: Top of Skull Acromion Process Center of Nose Base of Nose External Auditory Meatus

23 Right Neck Rotation Subject will sit in a chair Neutral position Points of interest are located at the top of the skull, center of the nose, and the Acromion Process Use a Goniometer The center of the goniometer is placed on the top of the skull The moving arm is facing in the direction of the center of the nose The stationary arm is in the direction of the Acromion Process

24 Right Neck Rotation Subject will rotate their neck towards the right to maximal position Upper torso is to remain neutral The stationary arm does not move The moving arm finds the final position of the nose

25 Upward Neck Rotation Subject will sit in a chair Neutral position External Auditory Meatus is located Base of the Nose is Located Use a Goniometer The center of the goniometer is placed at the External Auditory Meatus The moving arm is facing in the direction of the Base of the Nose The stationary arm is in a perpendicular position

26 Subject will rotate their neck upwards to its maximal position Upper torso is to remain neutral The stationary arm does not move The moving arm finds the final position of the Base of the Nose Upward Neck Rotation

27 Downward Neck Rotation Perform the same experiment in opposite direction Same points of interest Instead of subject rotating their neck upward, they will rotate their neck in the downward position Measurements will be taken the same as before

28 Shoulder Rotation Points of Interest: Acromion Process Lateral Epicondyle Note: the figure is not representative of the position of the subject, but it does show the points of interest

29 Shoulder Rotation Adduction Subject is sitting in neutral position Right arm and elbow making a 90 degree angle with the ground The elbow should be bent with the palm balled into a fist making a 90 degree angle at the elbow Acromion Process is located Lateral Epicondyle is located

30 Use Goniometer Fully extended with the center on the Acromion Process Stationary arm is extended in the direction of the neck The moving arm is extended in the direction of the Lateral Epicondyle Subject will rotate their arm to full adduction in front of their chest Locate the same two points of interest The moving arm will locate the final position of the Lateral Epicondyle Shoulder Rotation Adduction

31 Perform the same experiment in opposite direction Same points of interest Instead of subject rotating arm in front of chest, they will rotate their arm in the hind position Measurements will be taken the same as before Shoulder Rotation Abduction

32 Wrist Rotation z.about.com/d/ergonomics Points of Interest: Lateral Epicondyle Styloid Process of the Ulna MCP

33 Upward Wrist Rotation Subject is sitting in neutral position with arm rested on a table Shoulder and elbow make about a 45 degree angle with table The elbow should be bent 90 degrees with the wrist on the edge of the table The metacarpals loosely flexed over the edge of the table Styloid Process of the Ulna is located Lateral Epicondyle is located The MCP of the 5 th metacarpal is located

34 Use a Goniometer Fully extended to about 180 degrees Center is placed on the Styloid Process Stationary Arm is in the direction of the Epicondyle Moving arm is in the direction of the MCP of the 5 th metacarpal Subject will rotate their wrist as far upward as possible Locate the same two points of interest The moving arm will locate the final position of the MCP Upward Wrist Rotation

35 Downward Wrist Rotation Perform the same experiment in opposite direction Same points of interest Instead of subject rotating wrist upward, they rotate downward Measurements will be taken the same as before

36 Right Wrist Rotation Subject is sitting in neutral position with arm rested on a table Shoulder and elbow make about a 45 degree angle with table The elbow should be bent 90 degrees with the wrist on the edge of the table The metacarpals flexed over the edge of the table Styloid Process of the Ulna is located Lateral Epicondyle is located The MCP of the 3rd metacarpal is located

37 Use a Goniometer Fully extended to about 180 degrees Center is placed on top of the Styloid Process Stationary Arm is in the direction of the Epicondyle Moving arm is in the direction of the MCP of the 3rd metacarpal Subject will rotate their wrist as far right as possible Locate the same two points of interest The moving arm will locate the final position of the MCP Right Wrist Rotation

38 Left Wrist Rotation Perform the same experiment in opposite direction Same points of interest Instead of subject rotating wrist right, they rotate left Measurements will be taken the same as before

39 Hip Joint Rotation Points of Interest: Patella Mid-Tarsus Area

40 Inward Hip Rotation Subject sitting on table/bench Locate the Patella Locate the muscled area between the Tarsus and Metatarsus Use Goniometer Goniometer should be at 0 degrees with both arms perpendicular to the ground Goniometer should be placed on the patella with the arms facing the mid-tarsus area

41 Subject will rotate their foot outward Foot should be flexed and parallel to the ground Knee will rotate inward Upper torso should remain neutral Locate the same points of interest Stationary arm will remain perpendicular to the ground The moving arm will find the final location of the mid-tarsus area Inward Hip Rotation

42 Outward Hip Rotation Perform the same experiment in opposite direction Same points of interest Instead of subject rotating foot outward, they rotate the foot inward Measurements will be taken the same as before

43 Metacarpal Extension images.wikia.com/ Points of Interest: MCP of 1 st Metacarpal MCP of 2 nd Metacarpal

44 Metacarpal Extension Subject is sitting with hand on a table CMC, MCP, PIP, and DIP are neutral on the surface of the table Dorsal aspect of the hand between the 1 st and 2 nd MCP joints is located Use Goniometer Center is placed on the dorsal aspectect between the 1 st and 2 nd MCP joints Stationary arm is on the 2 nd metacarpal Moving Arm is on the 1 st metacarpal

45 Metacarpal Extension Subject will fully extend the 1 st metacarpal The moving arm will locate the new location of the 1 st metacarpal MCP joint

46 Set 3 of Test (Supine) 1. Hip Rotation 2. Shoulder Joint Rotation 3. Elbow Flexion

47 Hip Rotation academic.wsc.edu Points of Interest: Anterior Superior Iliac Spine Patella

48 Hip Abduction Subject In Supine Position Laying on back in neutral position Anterior Superior Iliac Spine located on both hips The left patella is located Use Goniometer The center is placed on the left ASIS Stationary arm is facing the right ASIS Moving arm is facing the patella

49 Subject will abduct leg outward to maximal position Rest of the body should remain neutral The center is placed on the left ASIS Stationary arm is facing the right ASIS Moving arm locates the final position of the left patella Hip Abduction

50 Hip Adduction Subject in supine position Laying on back in neutral position Right Leg is abducted to maximal extension Anterior Superior Iliac Spine located on both hips The left patella is located Use Goniometer The center is placed on the left ASIS Stationary arm is facing the right ASIS Moving arm is facing the left patella

51 Subject will adduct left leg maximally inward to meet the right leg Rest of the body should remain neutral The center is placed on the left ASIS Stationary arm is facing the right ASIS Moving arm locates the final position of the left patella Hip Adduction

52 Hip Rotation toward Chest moon.ouhsc.edu Points of Interest: Lateral area of Femur Greater Trochantor

53 Subject in supine position Laying on back in neutral position Greater Trochantor is located on the hip The lateral area of the femur is located Use Goniometer The center is placed on the Greater Trochantor Stationary arm is facing the upper torso midline Moving arm is facing the lateral area of the femur Hip Rotation toward Chest

54 Subject will bring their knee to their chest Opposing leg should remain on the table The center is placed on the Greater Trochantor Stationary arm is facing the upper torso midline Moving arm will find the final position of the lateral area of the femur Hip Rotation toward Chest

55 Shoulder Joint Rotation academic.wsc.edu/ Points of Interest: Humerus Olecranon Process Styloid Process of Ulna

56 Shoulder Joint Rotation Down Subject in supine position Lay in neutral position Towel under humerus Arm and upper torso make 90 degree angle with table Elbow is bent 90 degrees with the hand balled into a fist perpendicular to the table (facing ceiling)

57 Olecranon Process is located Styloid Process of Ulna is located Use Goniometer Goniometer is fully extended Center of goniometer is placed at the Olecranon Process of the elbow The moving arm is facing the Styloid Process of the Ulna The stationary arm is perpendicular to the floor Shoulder Joint Rotation Down

58 Subject will rotate the shoulder maximally inward Fist will be facing the floor at the end of the movement Center of goniometer is placed at the Olecranon Process of the elbow The moving arm will face the new location of the Styloid Process of the Ulna The stationary arm is perpendicular to the floor Shoulder Joint Rotation Down

59 Shoulder Joint Rotation Upward From the position of the last test, the subject will rotate the arm and shoulder in the opposite direction Same points of interest Measurements will be taken the same as before

60 Subject in Supine Position Arm by side Top of humerus near Acromion Process is located Lateral Epicondyle located Use Goniometer Goniometer is closed Center is placed on the shoulder Arms are facing the Lateral Epicondyle Shoulder Joint Rotation Out

61 Subject rotates arm outward and above the head Center is placed on the shoulder Stationary arm facing the previous position of the Lateral Epicondyle Moving arm facing the final position of the Lateral Epicondyle Shoulder Joint Rotation Out

62 From the position of the last test, the subject will rotate the arm and shoulder in the opposite direction Same points of interest Measurements will be taken the same as before Shoulder Joint Rotation In

63 Elbow Flexion Upward Subject in supine position Laying on back in neutral position, legs slightly bent with arm fully extended Elbow is supported by a rolled up towel Lateral Epicondyle of the elbow is located The lateral aspect of the Acromium Process is located Radial Process of the Ulna is located Use Goniometer The center is placed on the Lateral Epicondyle Stationary arm is facing Acromium Process Moving arm is facing the Radial Process of the Ulna

64 Elbow Flexion Upward Subject will flex the arm maximally towards the Acromium Process The center is placed on the Lateral Epicondyle Stationary arm is facing Acromium Process Moving arm is facing the final position of the Radial Process of the Ulna

65 Elbow Flexion Downward Perform the same experiment in opposite direction Same points of interest Instead of subject flexing upward, they flex downward Measurements will be taken the same as before


Download ppt "Www.contmediausa.com Points of Interest Acromion Process Lateral Epicondyle Radial Process of Ulna Styloid Process of Ulna CMC, MCP, PIP, DIP Metacarpals."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google