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Considerations for Community Organization in the Implementation of Community Carbon Projects Paul Bartel USAID February 2004.

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Presentation on theme: "Considerations for Community Organization in the Implementation of Community Carbon Projects Paul Bartel USAID February 2004."— Presentation transcript:

1 Considerations for Community Organization in the Implementation of Community Carbon Projects Paul Bartel USAID February 2004

2 Collaborators: Mike McGahuey Bob Winterbottom Henri Josserand John Woodwell Mike Saunders Bruce Miller Max McFadden Kathy Parker

3 Preface Considerations Regarding Modeling

4 Data as Supply and Demand DEMAND Data Collection Data Processing Data Analysis Data Use/ Decision-making S U P P L Y

5 Factors of Demand  Timeliness Choice of tool and level of complexity should yield information products within the decision-maker’s time frame  Sustainability Choice of information system should be sustainable within the human and financial resource constraints of the operating agency  Reliability As demand for information products is established, resources will be made available to improve reliability

6 In Other Words… The Right Information In the right format To the right person At the right time For the right decision

7 Conceptual Space Positivist Traditionalist DataKnowledgeInfo International Local Regional National

8 Tools/Approaches Occupy Specific Niches DATA INFORMATION KNOWLEDGE DECISION Internat’l Nat’l Reg’l Local HH PRA/RRA Stochastic Models Geographic Information Systems Systems & Fuzzy Models Surveys

9 Modeling Approaches A traditional approach DataIndicatorsRegressionResults An alternative systems approach IdeaDiagram Systems Model Scenarios Source: Woodwell, 2001

10 A TRANSPARENT, PARTICIPATORY FACILITATED process: Using Expert Knowledge to define the model Understanding the linkages between factors Use of the model to achieve consensus Process versus Prescription

11 The Context of Community Capacity Baseline Data Verification Certification Protocols Carbon Market Development Carbon Value of Approaches Organizing Local Carbon Stock Production National Policy International Policy Risk Local Capacity to Produce Carbon Stocks

12 A Household Production System Carbon Stock Income Exhaustion Storage Investment Production Human Behavior

13 Aspects of the Analysis Questionnaire Analytical Hierarchy Evaluation of questionnaire responses through rules Graphic representation of community dyanamics Questionnaire and analytical hierarcy developed by team of experts Questionnaire for 3 communities filled by local expert Serves as a proof of concept rather than direct reflection of real conditions in this case

14 Factors of Community Suitability FALSETRUE Community Suitability Economic Factors Social Factors Political Factors Resource Manageability

15 Dependency Networks and Fuzzy Logic Dependency Networks provide a logical relationship among factors Fuzzy Logic describes rules that define the truth of values for a factor

16 Dependency Network—A logical map Reality is not a simple list of factors Factors occur in a hierarchy These factors are related in terms of conditions that include them in a set of conditions (AND/OR) ACCEPTABLE DRINKS COFFEEMILK ORANGE JUICE OR AND

17 Fuzzy Logic—Rules of the game The quality of Truth and Falseness are relative in degree It is quite rare to see a condition completely met or completely unmet I.e., the World is not bivalent in nature Am I Comfortable? Degrees Celsius Level of Trueness 100% FALSE 100% TRUE

18 What Factors Generate These Social Processes? Local Capacity to Produce Carbon Stocks Social Factors Economic Factors Biophysical Factors Political Factors AND Biophysical Factors

19 Factors in Community Implementation Social Factors Community cohesiveness Clear Leadership within the community Leadership responsiveness to community members Breadth of participation Labor Mobilization Quality of labor pool Training (extent, availability of) Experience in forms of community organization Level of innovation Extent of ability to negotiate

20 Factors in Community Implementation: Social Factors AND Social Factors Clear Leadership Community Inclusiveness Responsive Leadership Ability to Manage Community Cohesiveness AND OR Ability to Manage

21 Factors in Community Implementation:Social Factors AND Participation Labor Mobilization Ability to Negotiate Quality of Labor Pool Extent of Training Community Orgs. Present Level of Innovation ANDOR AND Social Factors Ability to Manage Community Cohesiveness Community Cohesiveness

22 Factors in Community Implementation Economic Factors Perceived benefit/cost of CBNRM Distribution of benefits among stakeholders Infrastructure Financial resources Substitution for public investments

23 Factors in Community Implementation: Economic Factors AND Economic Factors Infrastructure Perceived Benefits AND Financial Resources Distribution Of Benefits OR

24 Factors in Community Implementation Political Factors Legal Factors Legal framework Security of Tenure Authority of communities Risk of conflict Competition over resources Institutional Factors Decentralization Linkage to national policy

25 Factors in Community Implementation: Political Factors AND Political Factors Institutional Factors Legal Factors Legal Framework Community Authority Decentralization Security of Tenure Linkages to National Policy Vertical Communication OR AND OR AND

26 Biophysical Factors Resource Manageability Certain resources are easier to manage than others. Scale can be a factor (e.g., a large pond rather than a sizable lake, or watershed), The extent to which the resource is mobile (marine fishery, wildlife) relative to the size of the community or groups or communities. Factors in Community Implementation:

27 Enabling Conditions, Tradeoffs Legal Framework Economic/financial Social conditions Political/institutional Minimum Internal Tradeoff Source: Josserand, 2001

28 Social Factor Scores Social Factors Innovation Community Organizations Quality of Training Labor Quality Negotiation Skills Labor Mobilizaiton Parti/cipation/ Inclusiveness Leaders Responsive Community Cohesion Strength Leadership FALSETRUE

29 Economic Factor Scores Economic Factors Financial Resources Infrastructure No Substitute for Public Investment Distribution of Benefits Perceived Benefits FALSETRUE

30 Political Factor Scores Political Factors Legal Framework Secure Tenure Authority to Manage Decentralization is Effective Linkages to National Policies Vertical Communication FALSETRUE

31 Summary of Factors and Community Suitability FALSETRUE Community Suitability Economic Factors Social Factors Political Factors Resource Manageability

32 Geo-Spatial Representation of Factors: Community Cohesiveness Source: Miller, Saunders, et al 2002

33 Summary Modeling can be participatory, leading to greater consensus, empowerment, sustainability and direct link to decision-making. Local capacity to produce carbon stocks is a key element in the overall implementation of carbon sequestration. Community carbon sequestration is, in effect, a modification of household production systems. This system is impacted by numerous social factors. These social factors are not linear, but best described in a logical framework of linked factors. The analysis of this network of factors enables prioritization of target communities as well as management of the process to address key constraints as they arise.

34 Household Production System—Expanded Common Land Crop Land Livestock Production Household Unit Carbon Stock Other Services

35 Household Production System—Expanded 2 Common Land Crop Land Livestock Production Household Unit Carbon Stock Other Services Outside World: Natural Processes Outside World: Social Processes


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