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Cost Sharing Date Presenter Name Presenter Phone Number Presenter E-mail.

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1 Cost Sharing Date Presenter Name Presenter Phone Number Presenter E-mail

2 2 Fiscal policy 210 UT has a fiscal policy for cost sharing Other universities also have this Cost sharing requirements are very common in sponsored projects –F&A cost sharing –Direct cost sharing

3 3 Reasons for fiscal policy To ensure compliance with federal costing & cost sharing requirements as set forth in OMB Circulars A-21 & A-110 To establish consistent procedures for recording cost share expenditures in the university’s accounting and effort certification systems for sponsored projects

4 4 Definitions Cost sharing is the portion of total project costs of a sponsored agreement that is not paid by the sponsoring agency Matching is another common term used to describe cost sharing

5 5 Types of cost sharing Mandatory Cost Sharing Voluntary Committed Cost Sharing Voluntary Uncommitted Cost Sharing

6 6 Mandatory cost sharing Mandatory Cost Sharing –This is cost sharing that is required either by statute or by administrative regulation –The requirement for such cost participation is explicitly set forth in project announcements or guidelines issued by the sponsor, and is a requirement for eligibility to participate in the project and will be specifically identified within the university’s proposal For example, State of TN agencies normally cap F&A at 15%of total direct costs –Whenever it is possible or permissible to do so, grant and contract proposals should reflect mandatory cost sharing as a percentage of total costs rather than as an allocation of specific direct costs

7 7 Voluntary committed cost sharing Voluntary Committed Cost Sharing –This is cost sharing that is not required by the sponsor, but which is included voluntarily in the university’s proposal to the sponsor –Once the sponsor has accepted the proposed cost share, the university is then obligated to meet the cost sharing amount For example, voluntary committed cost sharing would be when a principal investigator commits to spend 15% effort on the project but does not expect the sponsor to provide funding to cover these costs In this case, the 15% effort on the project was not a requirement for proposal submission in the RFP, but was included at the discretion of the PI (or other project personnel) in an attempt to leverage the proposal

8 8 Voluntary uncommitted cost sharing Voluntary Uncommitted Cost Sharing –This is cost sharing that is neither mandatory nor voluntary committed –It represents contributions by the university to a sponsored project that were not required by the awarding sponsor and were not volunteered in the university’s proposal to the sponsor Normally occurs during the progress of the work –Voluntary uncommitted cost sharing is not reported back to the sponsor For example, voluntary uncommitted cost sharing occurs when the principal investigator’s effort is greater than what was committed to the sponsored project

9 9 Criteria Cost sharing must be identifiable and verifiable in the university’s official accounting records Expenditures must be necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishments of project or program objectives Expenditures must be allowable and allocable under the applicable cost principles Expenditures must not be included as cost sharing for any other project or program Cost sharing expenditures may not be from funds supported by the federal government under another award, except where authorized by federal statute to be used for cost sharing Costs are described in the approved budget and/or terms of the sponsored agreement when required by the awarding sponsor

10 10 Examples of cost sharing expenditures Any potential direct cost that may be used as cost sharing must also qualify as a direct expense on the project and not be an expense that would normally be included in the F&A costs –Examples of normally allowable cost sharing Faculty, staff, or student salaries & related staff benefits Laboratory supplies F&A costs –F&A associated with the direct cost share expenditures –Unrecovered F&A –Caution: Not all F&A is allowable as cost sharing. Prior approval from the sponsor is required. Third party contributions

11 11 Unallowable cost sharing expenditures Cost sharing sources that come from other federally sponsored projects that have not obtained prior approval from both federal sponsors involved Expenditures that are normally included in the University’s F&A rate Expenditures that were incurred outside the award period Expenditures that are considered to be outside the scope of the project

12 12 Pre-award considerations When a proposal is submitted for review with the campus / unit research office, all cost share will be included in the budget narrative as well as the budget –The proposal is signed by the Principal Investigator and Department Head to commit the cost sharing resources The campus / unit research office will review the budget to ensure compliance with OMB Circulars A-21 and A-110 When a project is awarded with an amount different from the proposed budget, adjustments must be made to the budget and cost share amount

13 13 Post-award accounting All UT contributed cost sharing expenditures must be recorded on a WBS element under the Project Definition for the sponsored project Upon receipt of either a fully executed award or Advance WBS Element Request Form, the campus / unit business office will establish the project and WBS element(s) in IRIS depending on the cost sharing requirements

14 14 Two methods Single WBS element –This is the simplest method Companion WBS element –More complicated method, but more precise –Sometimes called “sister” account

15 15 Single WBS Element All project expenditures (including cost sharing expenditures) are posted to one WBS element Cost sharing will be recorded via a settlement rule or manually to the appropriate cost center or in rare cases, a gift fund –GL code 544400 for automated direct cost sharing –GL code 444400 for manual direct cost sharing –GL code 501990 for F&A cost sharing Typically, this method will be used to record unrecovered F&A costs or used to record cost share that is a set percentage of the total project costs

16 16 Companion WBS Element More than one WBS element will be created for the project One WBS element will be used to record sponsor related expenditures while another WBS element will be used to capture cost sharing expenditures At the end of each period, the costs on the cost sharing WBSE element will be settled to an appropriate cost center or gift fund

17 17 Companion method Project Definition R011024009 WBS Element R011024009 (sponsor costs) WBS Element R011024010 (UT costs)

18 18 Complications Departments must split charges correctly between 2 WBS Elements Obligated amount on CJ20N = zero Depending upon the way the WBS Element is set up, the settlement entry at the end of the month may use secondary cost elements (544400 and 501990) or the original cost elements. –Can make it difficult to determine the actual amount of cost sharing that was done (line items net to zero)

19 19 CJ20N The attributes on CJ20N indicate that the WBS Element is a companion or cost sharing WBS Element Wrong? This is a cost sharing WBSE!

20 20 Settlement rule The settlement rule on CJ20N controls what will be settled, how much, how, and where

21 21 Allocation structure The allocation structure attribute determines how the settlement will be recorded –544400 or original cost elements

22 22 How to report Use CJI3 to get expenditures but exclude settlement –Document type does not equal blank

23 23 Effort certification Any salaries that are claimed as cost sharing must be supported by the effort certification system –For example, if 25% of Dr. Brown’s time is voluntary, committed cost sharing, then the effort certification should show 25% effort expended on the WBS element(s) for the sponsored project.

24 24 Responsibilities The PI has primary responsibility for ensuring that cost sharing expenditures are recorded on the project WBSE in a timely manner in accordance with A-21 & A-110 –Department bookkeeper, Department head, campus / unit research & business offices should assist the PI

25 25 Third-party contributions Any cost sharing from a third party source must be included in the proposal Third-party contributions offered as cost sharing require a commitment letter on company letterhead signed by an individual who is in a position to commit the in-kind contribution –The cost sharing criteria is the same for the third party as for UT –Unmet cost sharing by third party will then become the responsibility of the Principal Investigator and his/her department –For contributions other than cash, see slide #27 for valuation methods –After-the-fact reporting to the university will be necessary See next slide

26 26 Documentation requirments After-the-fact reporting to the university will be necessary –Because these expenditures will never appear in the University’s accounting system, it is the Principal Investigator’s responsibility to obtain an after the fact documentation of the cost sharing –The cost share documentation should include the expense categories and amounts to date of the cost share expenditures and signature from the third party contributor –This documentation must be forwarded to the appropriate Campus Business Office to file in the University’s official record –It should be noted that this is subject to an audit.

27 27 Valuation of contributions These guidelines should be used whenever a third party donates goods or services other than cash that will be used as cost sharing

28 28 Training classes 1 Overview of Accounting for Sponsored Projects 2 OMB Circulars & Cost Accounting Standards 3 Understanding F&A Costs 4 Direct Costing 5 Cost Transfers & Closeout 6 Cost Sharing 7 Subcontract Monitoring 8 Advanced Topics 9 Invoicing, Reporting & Cash Receipts 10 Sponsored Projects Reports in IRIS Other – IRIS reporting for sponsored projects

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