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Obstacles to Critical Thinking  Unmet survival needs  Prejudice, bias and oppression  Unreflective acceptance of societal and cultural attitudes and.

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Presentation on theme: "Obstacles to Critical Thinking  Unmet survival needs  Prejudice, bias and oppression  Unreflective acceptance of societal and cultural attitudes and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Obstacles to Critical Thinking  Unmet survival needs  Prejudice, bias and oppression  Unreflective acceptance of societal and cultural attitudes and beliefs  Stereotypes  Blind obedience and deference to authority  Habit  Loaded language  Limited access to information (uncertainty)  One-sided thinking  Psychological blocks (anxiety, depression, trauma, consumerism, arrogance, etc.)  Cognitive heuristics  Relativism

2 Key Critical Thinking Skills  Analysis  Examining data and weighing evidence  Critical reading  Observation and description  Self-reflection  Expression  Assessing relevance

3 4 Tools of Critical Thinking  Surveillance Tools  Analytical Tools  Synthesis (Synthesizing Tools)  Problem-Solving Tools

4 Frame of Reference involves…  Experience  Prior knowledge  Assumptions and background beliefs  Values

5 Frame of Reference affects…  Considerations of relevance  Methodology  Evidence utilized  Interpretation  Receptiveness to alternatives

6 Key Dimensions of Diversity  Frames of reference  Power relations  Language and Culture  Values  Religion  Race and Ethnicity  Social Class  Gender  Age  Orientation  Ability


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