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Third Sector Organization Types Not-For-Profits (Volunteer Organizations)Not-For-Profits (Volunteer Organizations) Trade, Technical, Professional Assoc.Trade,

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Presentation on theme: "Third Sector Organization Types Not-For-Profits (Volunteer Organizations)Not-For-Profits (Volunteer Organizations) Trade, Technical, Professional Assoc.Trade,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Third Sector Organization Types Not-For-Profits (Volunteer Organizations)Not-For-Profits (Volunteer Organizations) Trade, Technical, Professional Assoc.Trade, Technical, Professional Assoc. AcademiaAcademia FoundationsFoundations Consortiums/CouncilsConsortiums/Councils –Central U.S. Earthquake Consortium –New England States E-quake Consortium –Western States Seismic Policy Council

2 Foundation Activity Examples Almanson FD(Low-income Home Repair,Northridge)Almanson FD(Low-income Home Repair,Northridge) American Express FDTN (Facilities Repair,Iniki)American Express FDTN (Facilities Repair,Iniki) CA Community FD (Homeless Aid, Facility Repair, Northridge)CA Community FD (Homeless Aid, Facility Repair, Northridge) Hawaii Community (Facility Repair, Iniki)Hawaii Community (Facility Repair, Iniki) Knight Foundation (Recovery Planning, Andrew)Knight Foundation (Recovery Planning, Andrew) McKnight FD (Recovery Assistance, MS Floods)McKnight FD (Recovery Assistance, MS Floods) Ryder System Charitable FD (Low-Income Home Repair, Andrew)Ryder System Charitable FD (Low-Income Home Repair, Andrew)

3 Volunteer Organizations (NFP) Any chartered or otherwise duly recognized tax-exempt local, State, or national organization or group that has provided or may provide needed services to the States, local governments, or individuals in coping with emergencies and disasters free of charge, or for a minimal cost which is required to defray the cost of services provided. (FEMA/EMI 1998b, 1-2)

4 Federal Legislation “In providing relief and assistance under this Act, the President may utilize, with their consent, the personnel and facilities of the American National Red Cross, the Salvation Army, the Mennonite Disaster Service, and other relief or disaster assistance organizations, in the distribution of medicine, food, supplies, or other items, and in the restoration, rehabilitation, or reconstruction of community services, housing and essential facilities, whenever the President finds that utilization is necessary“In providing relief and assistance under this Act, the President may utilize, with their consent, the personnel and facilities of the American National Red Cross, the Salvation Army, the Mennonite Disaster Service, and other relief or disaster assistance organizations, in the distribution of medicine, food, supplies, or other items, and in the restoration, rehabilitation, or reconstruction of community services, housing and essential facilities, whenever the President finds that utilization is necessary

5 NOVAD Attributes CommunicationCommunication CooperationCooperation CoordinationCoordination EducationEducation Leadership DevelopmentLeadership Development MitigationMitigation OutreachOutreach

6 Examples of National Volunteer Organizations Active in Disaster The American National Red CrossThe American National Red Cross Faith-Based OrganizationsFaith-Based Organizations American Radio Relay League/REACTAmerican Radio Relay League/REACT National Organization for Victim Assist.National Organization for Victim Assist. Northwest Medical Teams InternationalNorthwest Medical Teams International Phoenix Society for Burn VictimsPhoenix Society for Burn Victims Points of Light FoundationPoints of Light Foundation

7 Role of Third Sector Organizations Unmet NeedsUnmet Needs Govt./Citizen LinkGovt./Citizen Link Capacity, Coalition & Commitment BuildingCapacity, Coalition & Commitment Building Issue Advocacy and LegitimizationIssue Advocacy and Legitimization LeadershipLeadership Policy FormulationPolicy Formulation Resource MobilizationResource Mobilization Technical AssistanceTechnical Assistance

8 Advantages of Voluntary Organizations Frequently a First ResponderFrequently a First Responder Generally Trusted by the PublicGenerally Trusted by the Public Involved in All Four PhasesInvolved in All Four Phases –Do Mitigation Education/Advocacy –Conduct Community Disaster Education –Provide Disaster Mass Care –Work for Short & Long-Term Recovery Have Local Knowledge and ContactsHave Local Knowledge and Contacts

9 Advantages (continued) Unique Skills of VolunteersUnique Skills of Volunteers Diverse MembershipDiverse Membership Good Stewards of Resources/DonationsGood Stewards of Resources/Donations Work ConfidentiallyWork Confidentially Embody Community ValuesEmbody Community Values Unmet NeedsUnmet Needs Flexible, Innovative, ResourcefulFlexible, Innovative, Resourceful

10 Disadvantages & Problem Areas Cultural InsensitivityCultural Insensitivity Appearance of Being Rule-BoundAppearance of Being Rule-Bound Insufficient Disaster TrainingInsufficient Disaster Training Inappropriate AssignmentsInappropriate Assignments Duplication of ServicesDuplication of Services CompetitionCompetition –Media Attention –Fund Raising

11 Mitigation Activity Examples Supporting Mitigation Legislation at All Levels of GovernmentSupporting Mitigation Legislation at All Levels of Government Retrofitting Earthquake-Risk Low- Income HousingRetrofitting Earthquake-Risk Low- Income Housing Incorporating Structural Mitigation in Post-Disaster Residential RebuildingIncorporating Structural Mitigation in Post-Disaster Residential Rebuilding Rebuilding Outside of Flood PlainsRebuilding Outside of Flood Plains Funding Low-Income Elevation ProjectsFunding Low-Income Elevation Projects

12 Typical Preparedness Activities of Voluntary Organizations Emergency Operations PlanningEmergency Operations Planning Training Disaster RespondersTraining Disaster Responders Disaster Exercise ParticipationDisaster Exercise Participation Community Disaster EducationCommunity Disaster Education

13 Disaster Response Examples First Aid and Blood ProvisionFirst Aid and Blood Provision Damage AssessmentDamage Assessment Search and RescueSearch and Rescue Mass FeedingMass Feeding Sheltering OperationsSheltering Operations Communications and TransportationCommunications and Transportation Crisis Counseling & Victim InquiriesCrisis Counseling & Victim Inquiries Child CareChild Care Emergency Supplies (Clothing, Bedding, Health and Sanitation)Emergency Supplies (Clothing, Bedding, Health and Sanitation) Warehousing OperationsWarehousing Operations

14 Disaster Relief Examples Debris RemovalDebris Removal Clean-Up OperationsClean-Up Operations Construction of Temporary HousingConstruction of Temporary Housing Repair and Restoration OperationsRepair and Restoration Operations Furniture, Appliances, Occupational ToolsFurniture, Appliances, Occupational Tools Financial GrantsFinancial Grants CounselingCounseling

15 From 1905American National Red Cross Congressional Charter The (ARC) is chartered to “carry on a system of national and international relief in time of peace and apply the same in mitigating the sufferings caused by pestilence, famine, fire, floods, and other great national calamities, and to devise and carry on measures for preventing the same.”The (ARC) is chartered to “carry on a system of national and international relief in time of peace and apply the same in mitigating the sufferings caused by pestilence, famine, fire, floods, and other great national calamities, and to devise and carry on measures for preventing the same.”

16 American National Red Cross Largest Hazards-Related Non-ProfitLargest Hazards-Related Non-Profit –Approximately 2,500 Active Chapters –Volunteers 85% of Disaster Relief Force Annual Disaster Responses -- 60,000Annual Disaster Responses -- 60,000 Trend IncreasingTrend Increasing –322,328 Disaster Event Responses –571,048 People Sheltered and Fed –623,190 Families Financial Assistance

17 ARC Disaster Expenditures ( ) 1994$220.9 Million1994$220.9 Million 1995$233.3 Million1995$233.3 Million 1996$216.5 Million1996$216.5 Million 1997$214.5 Million1997$214.5 Million 1998$192.6 Million1998$192.6 Million

18 Lutheran Disaster Response Approximately 6,000 Volunteers & StaffApproximately 6,000 Volunteers & Staff Focus on Marginalized & Unmet NeedsFocus on Marginalized & Unmet Needs Response, Recovery, PreparednessResponse, Recovery, Preparedness –Provides Materials and Supplies –Rents Warehouse Space--Donated Goods –Leases Trucks for Supply Delivery –Disaster Clean-Up –Housing Repair and Rebuilding –Spiritual Care and Counseling

19 The Salvation Army Galveston, Texas--Disaster BeginningsGalveston, Texas--Disaster Beginnings Focus on Response and RecoveryFocus on Response and Recovery –Spiritual Ministry and Counseling –Victim Identification and Registration –Mobile and Congregate Feeding –Financial Assistance –Shelter Operations –Donated Goods –Reconstruction

20 Seventh-Day Adventist Disaster Response 2,200 Local Units Nationwide2,200 Local Units Nationwide Response Focus:Response Focus: –Emergency Distribution, Relief Supplies –Warehouse Operations –Clearinghouse for Donated Goods –Door-to-Door Visitation –Disaster Child Care


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