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The Impacts of Massachusetts Health Reform on Coverage and Health Care Access and Affordability for Women Shanna Shulman, Ph.D. Blue Cross Blue Shield.

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Presentation on theme: "The Impacts of Massachusetts Health Reform on Coverage and Health Care Access and Affordability for Women Shanna Shulman, Ph.D. Blue Cross Blue Shield."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Impacts of Massachusetts Health Reform on Coverage and Health Care Access and Affordability for Women Shanna Shulman, Ph.D. Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts Foundation December 8, 2010

2 2 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts 2 Massachusetts Health Reform Enacted in 2006 with goal of near-universal coverage Like ACA, Massachusetts health reform included: Expansion of existing public programs Exchange to provide more affordable coverage options Individual mandate, government subsidies, employer share Unlike ACA, Massachusetts health reform involved: Conditions ripe for reform success No cost containment provisions

3 3 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts 3 How we measure reform impact: Data Massachusetts Health Reform Survey Pre-reform survey--fall 2006 Post-reform surveys--fall 2007, 2008, 2009 Telephone interviews with samples of adults 18 to 64 —Sample sizes in each year Questions on insurance coverage and on access, use, and affordability of care Project team: Sharon K. Long and Karen Stockley, Urban Institute

4 4 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts 4 How we measure reform impact: Methods Estimate impact of reform as change over time from fall 2006 Estimates capture recession and health care cost trends Multivariate regression models that control for demographic characteristics, health and disability status, socioeconomic status, and region of state Estimate linear probability models, controlling for complex survey design

5 5 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts 5  Women are more likely to have health insurance coverage under health reform Health insurance coverage * (**) (***) Regression-adjusted estimate of difference from Fall 2006 significant at.10 (.05) (.01) level, two-tailed test.

6 6 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts 6  Women are more likely to have a regular health care provider and to have health care visits under health reform Health care access and use * (**) (***) Regression-adjusted estimate of difference from Fall 2006 significant at.10 (.05) (.01) level, two-tailed test.

7 7 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts 7  U nmet need for health care was lower for women under health reform Unmet need for care for any reason * (**) (***) Regression-adjusted estimate of difference from Fall 2006 significant at.10 (.05) (.01) level, two-tailed test.

8 8 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts 8  There were some gains in affordability of care for women under health reform in fall 2009, despite the recession and increasing health care costs Problems with affordability of health care * (**) (***) Regression-adjusted estimate of difference from Fall 2006 significant at.10 (.05) (.01) level, two-tailed test.

9 9 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts 9  Gains in coverage under health reform were particularly strong for women who started out with lower levels of coverage prior to reform Health insurance coverage for subgroups of women * (**) (***) Regression-adjusted estimate of difference from Fall 2006 significant at.10 (.05) (.01) level, two-tailed test.

10 10 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts 10  Strong gains in health care use for subgroups of women under health reform Health care use for subgroups women: Doctor visits * (**) (***) Regression-adjusted estimate of difference from Fall 2006 significant at.10 (.05) (.01) level, two-tailed test.

11 11 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts 11  Strong reductions in unmet need for health care under health reform for subgroups of women Health care use for subgroups of women: Unmet need for care for any reason * (**) (***) Regression-adjusted estimate of difference from Fall 2006 significant at.10 (.05) (.01) level, two-tailed test.

12 12 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts 12  Strong reductions in unmet need for health care because of costs under health reform for subgroups of women, despite the recession and increasing health care costs Health care use for subgroups of women: Unmet need for care because of cost * (**) (***) Regression-adjusted estimate of difference from Fall 2006 significant at.10 (.05) (.01) level, two-tailed test.

13 13 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts 13 Despite gains under reform, challenges remain Estimate ~60,000 women uninsured in fall 2009 Roughly 1 in 5 women reported: Difficulties finding a provider who would see them Going without needed health care Problems paying medical bills Medical debt

14 14 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts 14 Who are the remaining uninsured women? Disproportionately young, Hispanic, and single More than 25% in fair or poor health More than 75% with family income <300% of the federal poverty level From American Community Survey: More than 25% not a US citizen Nearly 20% do not speak English well

15 15 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts 15 Early evidence: Affordability gaps increased between women and men Pre-reform, women more likely to have coverage, access compared to men Affordability about equal for men and women Post-reform, coverage and access gaps narrowed Women face more affordability problems, despite higher levels of coverage compared to men —Increasingly more likely to report problems paying medical bills, unmet need due to cost —Particularly among young women (age 18-45)

16 16 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts 16 Summary of Impacts of Health Reform on Women Strong gains in insurance coverage No evidence of ESI crowd-out Strongest gains among vulnerable women Strong gains in access to and use of health care Some challenges remain Affordability: Recession and continuing increase in health care costs leading to increasing financial problems for women Barriers to care persist for some women


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