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Needs Identification of needs in a high risk population By Hamda Qotba, B.Med.Sc, M.D, ABCM.

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Presentation on theme: "Needs Identification of needs in a high risk population By Hamda Qotba, B.Med.Sc, M.D, ABCM."— Presentation transcript:

1 needs Identification of needs in a high risk population By Hamda Qotba, B.Med.Sc, M.D, ABCM

2 Dr.Hamda Qotba2 What is need? Capacity to benefit from intervention The ability to benefit from health care (DoH)

3 Dr.Hamda Qotba3 Health Is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely absences of disease or infirmity (WHO)

4 Dr.Hamda Qotba4 Health Needs Assessment (HNA) Process of exploring the relationship between the health in a community and the resources available to address those problems in order to achieve a desired outcome It’s Process not task Of no benefit by it self it’s a tool helps to achieve other objectives

5 Dr.Hamda Qotba5 Systematic method of identifying unmet health and health care needs of a population and making changes to meet these unmet needs Applications: Service planning and resources allocation Program planning, management and development Program evaluation It helps in socio-political changes

6 Dr.Hamda Qotba6 Different aspects of needs Felt needs: what people consider and say they need (what people feel) Expressed needs: needs expressed by action (visiting doctor, demand) Normative needs: what health professional define as need based on provision of service

7 Dr.Hamda Qotba7 Approach to needs assessment Epidemiological approach Comparative approach Corporate approach

8 Dr.Hamda Qotba8 10 steps of health need assessment project type and size of the action programs and services need to deal with the identified problem seek the opinions of professional about the size of the problem, best practice and delivery plan measure your population perceptions and expectations review curent evidence on the effectivness of intervention segment your population into diffrent strata calculate unmet needs or excessive service provision collect and analyze routin data on service utilization calculate the expected number of cases measure the extend of the problem (prevelence, incindence ) profile your population

9 Dr.Hamda Qotba9 CHD in Qatar Total population in Qatar In 1999 was 173,000 while the age group >15years accounts for 101,000 (53%), CHD prevalence among >15 years was (13%), those who access the services were according to hospital records were 8909(68%)

10 Dr.Hamda Qotba10 The risk factors of CHD (NFS) Smoking Physically inactive lifestyles Poor diets Excess salt intake Obesity Alcohol Diabetes

11 Dr.Hamda Qotba11 10 steps of health need assessment


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