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Brig (retd) XP Adrianwalla. He who knows the enemy and himself Will never in a hundred battles be at risk; He who does not know the enemy but knows himself.

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Presentation on theme: "Brig (retd) XP Adrianwalla. He who knows the enemy and himself Will never in a hundred battles be at risk; He who does not know the enemy but knows himself."— Presentation transcript:

1 Brig (retd) XP Adrianwalla

2 He who knows the enemy and himself Will never in a hundred battles be at risk; He who does not know the enemy but knows himself Will sometimes win and sometimes lose; He who knows neither the enemy nor himself Will be at risk in every battle. Sun-Tzu

3 “the operational advantage gained by the ability to collect, process, and disseminate an uninterrupted flow of information while exploiting or denying an adversary’s ability to do the same”

4  The Human Angle  Current Challenge  GIS for Soft Intelligence  Cultural Intelligence  The Human Aspect

5  Conflict is about people  Our country has enormous diversity  Troops from one area operate in another  Most experts on Geospatial Intelligence speak of technology  There is often a disjoint between what is technically feasible and what is required.

6  GIS: An excessive reliance on technology and a bias towards tangible knowledge of physical facts  against interpretation of intangible factors  the lack of emphasis on ‘soft’ knowledge  GIS: approach to counterinsurgency does not fully exploit existing technologies that allow for systematic collection, visualization and analysis of data related to human factors and their interrelationship

7  Understand that the human element is the key  Need an in-depth understanding of other cultures, societies, religions and languages.  knowledge that allows for understanding of an adversary’s viewpoint hence his actions Soft intelligence

8  synthesise and amalgamate open source intelligence, civil data and military knowledge  provide a common operating picture  develop “cultural intelligence” specific to the area of operations as opposed to a general view

9  The designer developer – comprehend the need  User – Understand the system, generate feedback  Institutional synergy  The environment

10 “GEOINT must evolve even further to integrate forms of intelligence and information beyond the traditional sources of geospatial information and imagery, and must move from an emphasis on data and analysis to an emphasis on knowledge


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