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Reji Kumar Pillai President India Smart Grid Forum Introduction to India Smart Grid Forum, Smart Grid Vision and Roadmap for India, Smart Grid Projects.

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Presentation on theme: "Reji Kumar Pillai President India Smart Grid Forum Introduction to India Smart Grid Forum, Smart Grid Vision and Roadmap for India, Smart Grid Projects."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reji Kumar Pillai President India Smart Grid Forum Introduction to India Smart Grid Forum, Smart Grid Vision and Roadmap for India, Smart Grid Projects and India Smart Grid Week 2015

2 DOT ISGF Members (partial list): Govt, Utilities, Industry, Regulators, Academia, Research etc. NCIIPC

3 Indian power system is today one of the largest synchronous grids in the world – 250 GW, >3 million SqKM, 200 million consumers Largely dominated by government owned utilities (central and states – 29 states and 7 union territories own majority of power utilities); private sector role is about 27% in generation, <1% in transmission and about 5% in distribution Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) and State Regulatory Commissions (SERCs) in most states – some small states have gone for Joint SERCs Transmission Grid in India is one of the largest in the world: o 765kV/400kV lines: ~1,03,000 ckms; 220kV lines: ~132,000 ckms o HVDC Bipole (±500kV): 7,500 ckms – 3 nos; HVDC Back-to-back: 7 nos (3000MW) o Now building 1200 kV AC and 800kV HVDC networks o Most modern control centers – 5 regional control centers, 1 national control center, 1 back-up national control center Distribution Sector: o Very high T&D losses – about 26.5% nationally (>40% in many states!) o 400 million+ people have no access to power o Large parts of the country experiences power cuts for several hours every day – customers keep storage (invertors)/ standby generation facilities o Power quality being poor, consumers require voltage stabilizers, UPS, Inverters etc Overview of Indian Power Sector

4 Smart Grids – Challenges for India 1.High rate of growth in power sector is needed to support economic growth and employment generation Estimated demand by 2032 is 900 GW – almost quadrupling the existing capacity Present the per capita consumption is one-fourth of the world average! 79 Million households yet to be electrified (2011 census) 2.To address the above challenges, the Indian power system is expected to grow 8-10% per annum for next several decades - managing a rapidly growing power system of this size requires smarter systems 3.India is pursuing one of world’s largest grid connected renewable energy programs Integration of such renewable resources require smarter systems 4.India launched the National Electric Mobility Mission with a target of 6 million EVs by 2020 Successful rollout of EVs with required smarter systems 5.Reduction of T&D losses continues to be top priority of both Government and utilities Smart grid technologies will increase visibility and control of power flows in in real time Developed nations with reliable electric grids are investing in smart metering, data communications and advanced IT systems and analytics, tools for forecasting, scheduling and dispatching to further their smart grid journey…developing countries like India need to invest in both strengthening the electrical network as well as adding communications, IT and automation systems to build a strong and smart grid

5 Brief on R-APDRP Scope under Part-A of R-APDRP (US$ 2 billion): Consumer Indexing using GIS Asset Mapping (entire distribution network – HT and LT lines, transformers, poles, meters) using GIS Automatic Meter Reading for all Distribution Transformers and Feeders IT applications for: meter reading, billing & collection, MIS, redressal of consumer grievances, establishment of IT enabled consumer service centers Energy Accounting & Auditing SCADA / DMS system (only in the project area having more than 400K population and annual input energy of the order of 350 Million Units (MU) Feeder Segregation/ Ring Fencing The on-going Restructured – Accelerated Power Development and Reforms Program (R-APDRP) is one of the largest IT initiatives by electric utilities anywhere in the world - in one integrated project, all state owned Distribution Utilities in India are building IT Infrastructure, IT Applications and Automation Systems Under Part-B (US$ 10 billion) of the program utilities are undertaking electrical network strengthening and up-gradation.

6 India Smart Grid Forum & Task Force India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF) is a public-private partnership initiative of the Ministry of Power (MoP), Government of India for accelerated development and deployment of smart grid technologies in the Indian power sector. Members include Govt agencies, utilities, technology and service providers, regulators, research & academia and other stake holders Govt. of India (Ministry of Power) is the Patron, and retains Chairmanship Registered as a Society under the Indian Societies Act as a not-for profit organization Enrolled members and conducted elections to choose the management team in Oct 2011 As of 31 st March 2014 ISGF has 120 members (+ several student members) Prime objective is to accelerate development of Smart Grid technologies in the Indian Power Sector ISGF recommendations will be advisory in nature ISGF was launched along with India Smart Grid Task Force (ISGTF), an inter- ministerial government task force chaired by Mr. Sam Pitroda, Advisor to the Prime Minister of India ISGF Structure, Working Groups and Categories of Memberships, Fee etc can be found at:

7 Customers: 1. Expand access to electricity – “Power for All” 2. Improve reliability of supply to all customers – No power cuts, no more DG sets and inverters! 3. Improve quality of supply – No more voltage stabilizers! 4. User friendly and transparent interface with utilities 5. Ability to save money by reducing peak consumption 6. Increased consumer engagement, also as a producer (“Prosumer”) Smart Grids – Drivers for India Utilities: 1. Reduction of T&D losses in all utilities to 15% or below 2. Peak load management – Multiple options 3. Reduction in power purchase costs 4. Better asset management 5. Increased grid visibility 6. Self healing grid 7. Renewable integration Government & Regulators: 1. Satisfied customers 2. Financially sound utilities 3. Tariff neutral system upgrade and modernization 4. Reduction in emission intensity

8 Smart Grid Vision and Roadmap Smart Grid Vision for India Transform the Indian power sector into a secure, adaptive, sustainable and digitally enabled ecosystem that provides reliable and quality energy for all with active participation of stakeholders 8 India Smart Grid Forum in consultation with India Smart Grid Task Force has formulated a comprehensive smart grid vision and roadmap for India which is aligned to Government’s overarching objectives of “Access, Availability and Affordability of Power for All” The Roadmap was approved by Ministry of Power in August 2013 and it was released by the Power Minister on 10 th Sept 2013 in a conference of all state power ministers in Delhi A National Smart Grid Mission will be launched soon that will have the overall responsibility to bring all stakeholders for successful implementation of the policies and programs envisaged under this Roadmap.

9 9 Details of proposed activities, outcomes, and targets 12 th Plan (2012 – 2017)13 th Plan (2017 – 2022)14 th Plan (2022 – 2027)  Reduction of transmission losses (>66 kV) to below 3.5%  Reduction of AT&C losses in all Distribution Utilities to below 15%  Augmentation of Control Centres & Data Centres for all states to cater to deployment of Smart grids  Reduction in Power Cuts; 24 Hrs availability of power at principal cities, 22 hrs for all towns and Life line supply (8 hrs) to all by 2017  Electrification of all households by 2017  Grid connection of all consumer end generation facilities where feasible  Development of indigenous low cost smart meter by 2014  Infrastructure for AMI roll out for all consumers with load >20kW or as per prioritized targets of Utilities  Renewable integration of 30 GW  Policies for mandatory roof top PV and Energy efficient building code for all new large public infrastructures by 2014  Setting up of Renewable Energy Monitoring Centres (REMC) at 5 RLDCs for better forecasting, scheduling and despatching of renewable generation  Development of micro grids in 1,000 villages/industrial parks/commercial hubs  EV charging stations in urban areas and along selected highways  Improvement in Power Quality  GIS substations/ Automation of substations in all metros by 2015  Implementation of Dynamic Tariff  Tariff mechanism for roof top solar PV’s – Net metering/Feed in Tariff  Introduction of Battery Parks and other Energy Storage Systems on trial basis  Energy Efficiency Programs for lighting in Metros & state capitals  1 st set of Technical Standards after completion of pilots, including performance standards development /adoption for Smart Grids including EVs and its charging infrastructure  Finalization of frameworks for cyber security assessment, audit and certification of power utilities by 2013  Strengthening of EHV/Distribution System  Strengthening of optical fiber communication system along and for transmission lines and substations  1200 kV UHV AC testing and simulation studies  Research & Development, Training & Capacity Building - 10% Utility technical personnel to be trained in Smart Grid Technologies  Cost-Benefit Analysis of Smart Grid projects with inputs from pilots  Customer Outreach & Participation  Sustainability Initiatives  SG Pilots, full SG roll out in pilot project cities  Development of 5 Smart Cities  Establishment of Smart Grid Test Bed by 2014 & Smart Grid Knowledge Centre by 2015  Reduction of transmission losses (>66 kV) to below 2.5%  Reduction of AT&C losses to below 12% in all Distribution Utilities  Improvement in Power Quality  Nationwide AMI roll out for customers with 3 phase connections  Renewable integration of 80 GW  Development of micro grids in total 10,000 villages/industrial parks/commercial hubs  EV charging stations in all urban areas and strategic locations on highways  GIS substations/Automation of substations in all state capitals & principal cities by 2022  Large roll outs of Energy Storage Systems.  Energy Efficiency Programs for lighting in all urban areas  Standards Development for Smart Infrastructure (SEZ, Buildings, Roads/Bridges, Parking lots, Malls) and development of 25 smart cities  UHV and EHV Strengthening  Research & Developments; Training & Capacity Building. 25% Utility technical personnel to be trained in Smart Grid Technologies  Export of SG products, solutions and services to overseas  Customer Outreach & Participation  SG roll out in all urban areas  Reduction of AT&C losses to below 10% in all Distribution Utilities  Stable 24x7 power supply to all categories of consumers all across the country  Choice of electricity supplier (open access) to all consumers  Nationwide AMI roll out for all customers with a load > 2kW  Renewable integration of 130 GW  Development of micro grids in 20,000 villages/industrial parks/commercial hubs  GIS substations/automation of substations in all urban areas by 2027  Development of 100 Smart cities  Energy Efficiency Programs for all lighting across nation  Export of SG products, solutions and services to overseas  Continuous Research & Development ; Training & Capacity Building.  Active Participation of “Prosumers”  SG rollout nationwide  Development of business models to create alternate revenue streams by leveraging the Smart Grid infrastructure to offer other services (security solutions, water metering, traffic solutions etc) to municipalities, state governments and other agencies

10 Smart Grid Roadmap: Distribution Objectives: In order to achieve this vision, stakeholders will undertake (across all sectors): 1.Appropriate policies and programs to provide access for electricity for all Uninterrupted life line supply (8 hours/day minimum) by 2015 Electrification of 100% households by x7 quality supply on demand to all citizens by Integrated technology trials through a set of smart grid pilot projects by 2015 Based on outcome of the pilots, full rollout of smart grids in pilot project areas by 2017; in major urban areas by 2022 and nationwide by Completion of existing complementary or building block projects such as R-APDRP Planning for integration of such systems into future smart grid deployments 4.Availability of an indigenous low cost smart meter by 2014 AMI roll out for all customers in a phased manner based on size of connection (and geography and utility business case) Starting with consumers with load >20 KW by 2017, 3-phase connections by 2022 and all consumers by 2027 Development of innovative and sustainable financing/business models for smart meter roll outs 5.Working with other stakeholders, building of National Optical Fibre Network by connecting all the 2,50,000 Gram Panchayats in the country by Optical Fibre Cable and including the telecom link at the nearest 33/11 kV substation to support smart grid in distribution by

11 Smart Grid Roadmap: Distribution (cont.) 6.Enabling programs and projects in distribution utilities to reduce AT&C losses Below 15% by 2017, below 12% by 2022, and below 10% by Conversion of existing EHV sub stations in all urban areas and sub transmission and medium voltage substations in metro cities to advanced (such as) Gas Insulated Substations (GIS) in a phased manner through innovative financing models 8.Development of Microgrids, storage options, virtual power plants (VPP), vehicle to grid (V2G), solar to grid (PV2G), and building to grid (B2G) technologies in order to manage peak demand, optimally use installed capacity and eliminate load shedding and black-outs 9.Push for mandated roof top solar power generation for large establishments with connected load >20kW 10.EV charging facilities should be created in all parking lots, institutional buildings, apartment blocks etc; and quick/fast charging facilities to be built in fuel stations and at strategic locations on highways 11.Microgrids in 1,000 villages/industrial parks/commercial hubs by 2017 and 10,000 villages/industrial parks/commercial hubs by 2022 Can island from main grids during peak hours 12.Optimally balancing different sources of generation through efficient scheduling and dispatch of distributed energy resources (including captive plants in the near term) with the goal of long term energy sustainability 13.Improvement in power quality and quantum across the board 11

12 Smart Grid Roadmap: Transmission 1.Development of a reliable, secure and resilient grid supported by a strong communication infrastructure that enables greater visibility and control of efficient power flow between all sources of production and consumption by Implementation of Wide Area Monitoring System (WAMS, using Phasor Measurement Units, or PMUs) for the entire transmission system Installation of a larger number of PMUs on the transmission network by 2017 or sooner, as guided by the results of initial deployments Indigenization of WAMS technology and PMU development and development of custom made analytics for synchrophasor data by Setting up of Renewable Energy Monitoring Centres (REMCs) and Energy Storage Systems to facilitate grid integration of renewable generation 4.Installation of 50,000 km of optical fibre ground wire (OPGW) over transmission lines by the year 2017 to support implementation of smart grid technologies 5.Enabling programs and projects in transmission utilities to reduce transmission losses to below 3.5% by 2017 and below 2.5% by Implement power system enhancements to facilitate evacuation and integration of 30 GW renewable capacity by 2017, 80 GW by 2022, and 130 GW by 2027, or as mutually agreed between MoP and MNRE 12

13 Smart Grid Roadmap: Policy, Standards and Regulations 13 1.Formulation of effective customer outreach and communication programs 2.Development of state/utility specific strategic roadmap(s) by 2014 for Smart Grid deployments Required business process reengineering, change management and capacity building programs to be initiated by Policies for grid-interconnection of consumer generation facilities (including renewable) where feasible Policies for roof-top solar, net-metering/feed-in tariff as well as peaking power by Policies supporting improved tariffs such as dynamic tariffs, variable tariffs, etc., including demand response programs Bulk consumers by 2014; extending to all 3-phase (or otherwise defined) consumers by Policies created by 2014 for implementing energy efficiency in public infrastructure and EV charging facilities starting by 2015 and Demand Response ready appliances by Finalization of frameworks for cyber security assessment, audit and certification of utilities by Development of business models to create alternate revenue streams by leveraging the Smart Grid infrastructure to offer other services (security solutions, water metering, traffic solutions etc) to municipalities, state governments and other agencies 8.Build upon the results of smart grid pilot projects and recommend appropriate changes conducive to smart grid development in Acts/Plans/etc. by end of Development of 1 st set of Indian Smart Grid Standards by 2014 Active involvement of Indian experts in international SG development bodies

14 Smart Grid Roadmap: Other Initiatives Tariff mechanisms, new energy products, energy options and programs to encourage participation of customers in the energy markets that make them “prosumers” – producers and consumers – by Create an effective information exchange platform that can be shared by all market participants, including prosumers, in real time which will lead to the development of new and enhanced energy markets 3. Investment in research and development, training and capacity building programs for creation of adequate resource pools for developing and implementing smart grid technologies in India - can also become a global leader and exporter of smart grid know- how, products and services

15 Smart Grid Pilot Projects in India 14 Smart Grid Pilot projects have been approved for different distribution utilities last year by Ministry of Power (MoP), Govt of India (GoI). The list and project summary is available at: These projects will be part funded by MoP (50% project cost as grant from GoI). Combined cost of these projects are about US$ 80 million These projects will be in execution mode early 2015 – presently in RFP stage Most projects involve 20,000 or more customers These pilots are expected to help technology section guides and business case developments for larger projects in the next phase Many large utilities (in large states) could not apply for the first set of projects. So another set of larger and more integrated projects will be formulated soon Last mile connectivity is the major challenge in smart grid applications and these field trials to determine the most appropriate communication solutions

16 Smart Grid Pilot Projects in India SnUtility, StateFunctionalities coveredCurrent Status 1CESC, Mysore, Karnataka; Mysore Additional City Area Division AMI R, AMI I, OMS PLM, MG/DGPGCIL is consultant for project management. RfP released on Oct , project awarded on April to a consortium led by Enzen Global Solutions Pvt Ltd. Network survey has commenced – 14 feeders under process 2TSPDCL (previously APCPDCL), Telangana; Jeedimetla Industrial Area AMI R, AMI I, PLM, OMS, PQMCPRI is the consultant. Pre-bid was held on June and attended by 31 prospective bidders. Bid submission date extended twice with no bids received. Hence fresh tender with relaxed criteria to be released by Sep APDCL, Assam; Guwahati Project Area PLM, AMI R, AMI I, OMS DG, PQMMedhaj Techno Concept Pvt Ltd. is the consultant. RfP was released on March three bids were received and opened on July from (1) AMI Tech + HPL Meters + IBM; (2) EMC + RF Array + SPANCO + L&T Meters and (3) Rebenius +AToS + SaaS + Siemens. They are evaluating the technical bids. 4UGVCL, Gujarat; Naroda/ DeesaAMI R, AMI I, OMSRfP released on Sep 11, valid bids received – Infosys + CGL, Wipro + JnJ Powercom, L&T +EDMI, Reliance + Accenture, Tapesh Energy + Corinex. Revised price bids were submitted on July PoC data monitoring has commenced from Aug MSEDCL, Maharashtra; Baramati, Pune AMI R, AMI I, OMSRfP released on Oct bids received – Wipro + Alstom; L&T, Ami Tech + OSI Inc, Rubenius. Only L&T and AMI Tech qualified. Price bid was opened on July The lowest bid price is 90% higher than cost estimate. The issue is being debated and a decision will be taken soon. 6UHBVN, Haryana; Panipat City SubDivision AMI R, AMI I, PLMThe project is under implementation through a grant from NEDO, Japan. NEDO has appointed Power Grid Solution Ltd (a JV of Tokyo electric Power Company and Hitachi), NTT Communications, Fuji Electric Company and PWC for a feasibility study, which has been completed and presented to MoP on Aug Once approved project feasibility and design will begin.

17 Smart Grid Pilot Projects in India SnUtility, StateFunctionalities coveredCurrent Status 7TSECL, Tripura; Electrical Division No.1, Agartala AMI R, AMI I, PLMPGCIL is the consultant. Pre bid was held on May and 9 parties participated. First stage bid opening was on July and 3 bids were received 1) TCS + L+G 2) Wipro + JnJ Pwercom 3) Rubenious 8HPSEB, Himachal Pradesh; ESD Kala Amb, Electrical Division, Nahan AMI I, OMS PLM, PQMPGCIL is the consultant. NIT issued on May Pre-bid meeting was held on Jun Part one opened on Aug bids received 9Puducherry; Div 1 of PuducherryAMI R, AMI IPGCIL is the consultant. RfP not released. It is yet to be issued by the Puducherry government as funding approval from Cabinet is pending. 10JVVNL, Rajasthan; VKIA JaipurAMI R, AMI I, PLMPGCIL are the consultants. RfP not released. Board approval awaited. 11CSPDCL, Chhattisgarh; Siltara, Chhattisgarh AMI I, PLMPGCIL is the consultant. NIT was issued on March Pre bid held on Aug bid opening in 3 rd week of September. 12PSPCL, Punjab; Mall Mandi City Sub-Division Amritsar OMSPGCIL is the consultant. RfP released on June Pre-bid meeting was held on July tender openings were extended twice and on Sep one bid was received. 13KSEB, Kerala; Across the stateAMI IRfP was released on Dec Bids were opened on March only two companies (L&T and EDMI) submitted bids. Technical bids were opened on March Only L&T qualified. Price bid was opened in July and was found that the bid price is 219% above project estimate. Decision to be taken by utility board either to change scope or go for retender 14WBSEDCL, West Bengal; Siliguri town, Darjeeling District AMI R, AMI I, PLMPGCIL is the consultant. Pre bid to be held on Sep last date for submission of bid is to be Oct first stage bid opening is scheduled for Oct AbbreviationFunctionality AMI RAdvanced Metering Infrastructure- Residential Consumer AMI IAdvanced Metering Infrastructure-Industrial Consumer OMSOutage Management System PLMPeak Load Management PQMPower Quality Management MGMicro Grid DGDistributed Generation

18 Smart Grid Initiatives at State Level Preparation of State specific/Utility specific Smart Grid Roadmaps and Policies – all states/utilities are not at the same level Constitution of Smart Grid Cells in States:  MAHA-SGCC in Maharashtra  SMART GRID STEERING COMMITTEE in Odisha  Few other states are actively considering Consumer Engagement Programs Training and Capacity Building for Utilities and Industry by ISGF  Foundation Course on Smart Grid for Engineers (5 Days)  Appreciation Course on Cyber Security (3 Days)  Semester Course on Cyber Security for M.Tech Students  R-APDRP Part-A Training for Managers, Engineers and Operators Training for Regulators by ISGF  Foundation Course on Smart Grid for Engineers (5 days) – to start from August 2014  Regulations for Smart Grids (5 Days) – course materials under development: target Oct 2014 State Level Smart Grid Projects – refer latest Smart Grid Bulletin 18

19 ISGF Smart Grid Bulletin Smart Grid Bulletin Covers: Message/ Interview from Senior Power Sector Officials Smart Grid Updates: – Policy, Regulations & Standards – Transfers & Postings in Power Sector in India – Technology & Projects – Pilot Projects in India – Other Smart Grid Projects in India ISGF Quarterly Progress Report Smart Grid Capacity Building Initiatives by ISGF: – Cyber Security for Power Systems – Smart Grid Foundation Course – Smart Grid Bootcamp Smart Grid Events (National & International) SMART GRID Gyan Circulation: 2,500 printed copies to top decision makers in power sector in India and > 25,000 electronic copies to senior power sector professionals around the world. 19

20 National Smart Grid Mission (NSGM) In order to achieve the goals envisaged in the Smart Grid Roadmap, it is proposed to launch a National Smart Grid Mission (NSGM) NSGM with its own resources and funding mechanism that will bring national level support from other Ministries, Institutions, and the State Governments NSGM will formulate detailed blueprint that would cover specific programs and projects in different utilities in each state and estimate the capital outlays and budgetary support NSGM will coordinate with state governments, utilities and other stakeholders for rollout of smart grid projects and monitor project implementation NSGM will coordinate development of standards, technically feasible and economically sustainable business models relevant to the Indian context Preparation of NSGM framework and cabinet note under progress – NSGM will have a Steering Committee chaired by the Minister of Power, an Executive Committee chaired by Secretary- Power, a Technical Committee chaired by Chairperson of Central Electricity Authority, and a Mission Directorate. There will be NSGM PMUs in all states 20

21 INDIA SMART GRID WEEK

22 India Smart Grid Week (ISGW2015) For more details please visit 22

23 ISGW 2015 – Plenary Sessions 23 Plenary Session – 1: Smart Grid Projects Update (Americas, Europe, Asia Pacific & India) Plenary Session – 2: Smart Grid Pilots and Demonstration Projects & Business Models Plenary Session – 3: Smart Grid to Smart Cities & Smart Homes Plenary Session – 4: International Collaboration Plenary Session – 5: Regulatory Environment & Market Design

24 ISGW 2015 – Technical Tracks 24 Track A: Future Electricity Grid Supporting Low Carbon Energy Supply and Energy Security Track B: Smart Energy – Vision for the Smart Grid Evolving Towards Smart Customers and Smart Cities/ Communities Smart Generation and Integration Smart Energy Market Design and Regulatory Support Network Stability and Operation Smart Grid Communication & Cyber Security Smart Metering Smart Customer Smart Distribution - Evolution of the Distribution Grid Smart Cities and Smart Communities Infrastructure Standards and Inter-operability Training and Capacity Building

25 ISGW 2015 – Exhibition Themes 25 Smart Meters, DCUs, Head-end Systems and MDM Communication Solutions Transformer Monitoring Systems SCADA/DMS Distribution Automation and Substation Automation HVDS Gas Insulated Substations WAMS, PMUs, PDCs, WACS EV Charging Infrastructure and Payment Systems V2G and B2G Technologies Microgrids Energy Storage Technologies Smart Homes and HAM Solutions Renewable Energy Resources – Tools for forecasting, scheduling and dispatching Demand Response Net Meters Smart Cities Big Data and Analytics Cloud Computing for Smart Utilities/Smart Cities

26 Thank you for your kind attention! 26


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