Presentation on theme: "Reji Kumar Pillai President India Smart Grid Forum"— Presentation transcript:
1Reji Kumar Pillai President India Smart Grid Forum Introduction to India Smart Grid Forum, Smart Grid Vision and Roadmap for India,Smart Grid Projects andIndia Smart Grid Week 2015Reji Kumar Pillai President India Smart Grid Forum
2DOTNCIIPCISGF Members (partial list): Govt, Utilities, Industry, Regulators, Academia, Research etc.
3Overview of Indian Power Sector Indian power system is today one of the largest synchronous grids in the world – 250 GW, >3 million SqKM, 200 million consumersLargely dominated by government owned utilities (central and states – 29 states and 7 union territories own majority of power utilities); private sector role is about 27% in generation, <1% in transmission and about 5% in distributionCentral Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) and State Regulatory Commissions (SERCs) in most states – some small states have gone for Joint SERCsTransmission Grid in India is one of the largest in the world:765kV/400kV lines: ~1,03,000 ckms; 220kV lines: ~132,000 ckmsHVDC Bipole (±500kV): 7,500 ckms – 3 nos; HVDC Back-to-back: 7 nos (3000MW)Now building 1200 kV AC and 800kV HVDC networksMost modern control centers – 5 regional control centers , 1 national control center, back-up national control centerDistribution Sector:Very high T&D losses – about 26.5% nationally (>40% in many states!)400 million+ people have no access to powerLarge parts of the country experiences power cuts for several hours every day – customers keep storage (invertors)/ standby generation facilitiesPower quality being poor, consumers require voltage stabilizers, UPS, Inverters etc
4Smart Grids – Challenges for India High rate of growth in power sector is needed to support economic growth and employment generationEstimated demand by 2032 is 900 GW – almost quadrupling the existing capacityPresent the per capita consumption is one-fourth of the world average!79 Million households yet to be electrified (2011 census)To address the above challenges, the Indian power system is expected to grow 8-10% per annum for next several decades - managing a rapidly growing power system of this size requires smarter systemsIndia is pursuing one of world’s largest grid connected renewable energy programsIntegration of such renewable resources require smarter systemsIndia launched the National Electric Mobility Mission with a target of 6 million EVs by 2020Successful rollout of EVs with required smarter systemsReduction of T&D losses continues to be top priority of both Government and utilitiesSmart grid technologies will increase visibility and control of power flows in in real timeDeveloped nations with reliable electric grids are investing in smart metering, data communications and advanced IT systems and analytics, tools for forecasting, scheduling and dispatching to further their smart grid journey…developing countries like India need to invest in both strengthening the electrical network as well as adding communications, IT and automation systems to build a strong and smart grid
5Brief on R-APDRPThe on-going Restructured – Accelerated Power Development and Reforms Program (R-APDRP) is one of the largest IT initiatives by electric utilities anywhere in the world - in one integrated project, all state owned Distribution Utilities in India are building IT Infrastructure, IT Applications and Automation SystemsScope under Part-A of R-APDRP (US$ 2 billion):Consumer Indexing using GISAsset Mapping (entire distribution network – HT and LT lines, transformers, poles, meters) using GISAutomatic Meter Reading for all Distribution Transformers and FeedersIT applications for: meter reading, billing & collection, MIS, redressal of consumer grievances, establishment of IT enabled consumer service centersEnergy Accounting & AuditingSCADA / DMS system (only in the project area having more than 400K population and annual input energy of the order of 350 Million Units (MU)Feeder Segregation/ Ring FencingUnder Part-B (US$ 10 billion) of the program utilities are undertaking electrical network strengthening and up-gradation.
6India Smart Grid Forum & Task Force India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF) is a public-private partnership initiative of the Ministry of Power (MoP), Government of India for accelerated development and deployment of smart grid technologies in the Indian power sector.Members include Govt agencies, utilities, technology and service providers, regulators, research & academia and other stake holdersGovt. of India (Ministry of Power) is the Patron, and retains ChairmanshipRegistered as a Society under the Indian Societies Act as a not-for profit organizationEnrolled members and conducted elections to choose the management team in Oct 2011As of 31st March 2014 ISGF has 120 members (+ several student members)Prime objective is to accelerate development of Smart Grid technologies in the Indian Power SectorISGF recommendations will be advisory in natureISGF was launched along with India Smart Grid Task Force (ISGTF), an inter-ministerial government task force chaired by Mr. Sam Pitroda, Advisor to the Prime Minister of IndiaISGF Structure, Working Groups and Categories of Memberships, Fee etc can be found at:
7Smart Grids – Drivers for India Utilities:1. Reduction of T&D losses in all utilities to 15% or below2. Peak load management – Multiple options3. Reduction in power purchase costs4. Better asset management5. Increased grid visibility6. Self healing grid7. Renewable integrationGovernment & Regulators:1. Satisfied customers2. Financially sound utilities3. Tariff neutral system upgrade and modernization4. Reduction in emission intensityCustomers: Expand access to electricity – “Power for All” Improve reliability of supply to all customers – No power cuts, no more DG sets and inverters! Improve quality of supply – No more voltage stabilizers! User friendly and transparent interface with utilities Ability to save money by reducing peak consumption Increased consumer engagement, also as a producer (“Prosumer”)
8Smart Grid Vision and Roadmap India Smart Grid Forum in consultation with India Smart Grid Task Force has formulated a comprehensive smart grid vision and roadmap for India which is aligned to Government’s overarching objectives of “Access, Availability and Affordability of Power for All”The Roadmap was approved by Ministry of Power in August 2013 and it was released by the Power Minister on 10th Sept 2013 in a conference of all state power ministers in DelhiSmart Grid Vision for India Transform the Indian power sector into a secure, adaptive, sustainable and digitally enabled ecosystem that provides reliable and quality energy for all with active participation of stakeholdersA National Smart Grid Mission will be launched soon that will have the overall responsibility to bring all stakeholders for successful implementation of the policies and programs envisaged under this Roadmap.
9Details of proposed activities, outcomes, and targets 12th Plan (2012 – 2017)13th Plan (2017 – 2022)14th Plan (2022 – 2027)Reduction of transmission losses (>66 kV) to below 3.5%Reduction of AT&C losses in all Distribution Utilities to below 15%Augmentation of Control Centres & Data Centres for all states to cater to deployment of Smart gridsReduction in Power Cuts; 24 Hrs availability of power at principal cities, 22 hrs for all towns and Life line supply (8 hrs) to all by 2017Electrification of all households by 2017Grid connection of all consumer end generation facilities where feasibleDevelopment of indigenous low cost smart meter by 2014Infrastructure for AMI roll out for all consumers with load >20kW or as per prioritized targets of UtilitiesRenewable integration of 30 GWPolicies for mandatory roof top PV and Energy efficient building code for all new large public infrastructures by 2014Setting up of Renewable Energy Monitoring Centres (REMC) at 5 RLDCs for better forecasting, scheduling and despatching of renewable generationDevelopment of micro grids in 1,000 villages/industrial parks/commercial hubsEV charging stations in urban areas and along selected highwaysImprovement in Power QualityGIS substations/ Automation of substations in all metros by 2015Implementation of Dynamic TariffTariff mechanism for roof top solar PV’s – Net metering/Feed in TariffIntroduction of Battery Parks and other Energy Storage Systems on trial basisEnergy Efficiency Programs for lighting in Metros & state capitals1st set of Technical Standards after completion of pilots, including performance standards development /adoption for Smart Grids including EVs and its charging infrastructureFinalization of frameworks for cyber security assessment, audit and certification of power utilities by 2013Strengthening of EHV/Distribution SystemStrengthening of optical fiber communication system along and for transmission lines and substations1200 kV UHV AC testing and simulation studiesResearch & Development, Training & Capacity Building - 10% Utility technical personnel to be trained in Smart Grid TechnologiesCost-Benefit Analysis of Smart Grid projects with inputs from pilotsCustomer Outreach & ParticipationSustainability InitiativesSG Pilots, full SG roll out in pilot project citiesDevelopment of 5 Smart CitiesEstablishment of Smart Grid Test Bed by 2014 & Smart Grid Knowledge Centre by 2015Reduction of transmission losses (>66 kV) to below 2.5%Reduction of AT&C losses to below 12% in all Distribution UtilitiesNationwide AMI roll out for customers with 3 phase connectionsRenewable integration of 80 GWDevelopment of micro grids in total 10,000 villages/industrial parks/commercial hubsEV charging stations in all urban areas and strategic locations on highwaysGIS substations/Automation of substations in all state capitals & principal cities by 2022Large roll outs of Energy Storage Systems.Energy Efficiency Programs for lighting in all urban areasStandards Development for Smart Infrastructure (SEZ, Buildings, Roads/Bridges, Parking lots, Malls) and development of 25 smart citiesUHV and EHV StrengtheningResearch & Developments; Training & Capacity Building. 25% Utility technical personnel to be trained in Smart Grid TechnologiesExport of SG products, solutions and services to overseasSG roll out in all urban areasReduction of AT&C losses to below 10% in all Distribution UtilitiesStable 24x7 power supply to all categories of consumers all across the countryChoice of electricity supplier (open access) to all consumersNationwide AMI roll out for all customers with a load > 2kWRenewable integration of 130 GWDevelopment of micro grids in 20,000 villages/industrial parks/commercial hubsGIS substations/automation of substations in all urban areas by 2027Development of 100 Smart citiesEnergy Efficiency Programs for all lighting across nationContinuous Research & Development ; Training & Capacity Building.Active Participation of “Prosumers”SG rollout nationwideDevelopment of business models to create alternate revenue streams by leveraging the Smart Grid infrastructure to offer other services (security solutions, water metering, traffic solutions etc) to municipalities, state governments and other agenciesDetails of proposed activities, outcomes, and targets
10Smart Grid Roadmap: Distribution Objectives: In order to achieve this vision, stakeholders will undertake (across all sectors):Appropriate policies and programs to provide access for electricity for allUninterrupted life line supply (8 hours/day minimum) by 2015Electrification of 100% households by 201724x7 quality supply on demand to all citizens by 2027Integrated technology trials through a set of smart grid pilot projects by 2015Based on outcome of the pilots, full rollout of smart grids in pilot project areas by 2017; in major urban areas by 2022 and nationwide by 2027Completion of existing complementary or building block projects such as R-APDRPPlanning for integration of such systems into future smart grid deploymentsAvailability of an indigenous low cost smart meter by 2014AMI roll out for all customers in a phased manner based on size of connection (and geography and utility business case)Starting with consumers with load >20 KW by 2017, 3-phase connections by 2022 and all consumers by 2027Development of innovative and sustainable financing/business models for smart meter roll outsWorking with other stakeholders, building of National Optical Fibre Network by connecting all the 2,50,000 Gram Panchayats in the country by Optical Fibre Cable and including the telecom link at the nearest 33/11 kV substation to support smart grid in distribution by 2017
11Smart Grid Roadmap: Distribution (cont.) Enabling programs and projects in distribution utilities to reduce AT&C lossesBelow 15% by 2017, below 12% by 2022, and below 10% by 2027Conversion of existing EHV sub stations in all urban areas and sub transmission and medium voltage substations in metro cities to advanced (such as) Gas Insulated Substations (GIS) in a phased manner through innovative financing modelsDevelopment of Microgrids, storage options, virtual power plants (VPP), vehicle to grid (V2G), solar to grid (PV2G), and building to grid (B2G) technologies in order to manage peak demand, optimally use installed capacity and eliminate load shedding and black-outsPush for mandated roof top solar power generation for large establishments with connected load >20kWEV charging facilities should be created in all parking lots, institutional buildings, apartment blocks etc; and quick/fast charging facilities to be built in fuel stations and at strategic locations on highwaysMicrogrids in 1,000 villages/industrial parks/commercial hubs by 2017 and 10,000 villages/industrial parks/commercial hubs by 2022Can island from main grids during peak hoursOptimally balancing different sources of generation through efficient scheduling and dispatch of distributed energy resources (including captive plants in the near term) with the goal of long term energy sustainabilityImprovement in power quality and quantum across the board
12Smart Grid Roadmap: Transmission Development of a reliable, secure and resilient grid supported by a strong communication infrastructure that enables greater visibility and control of efficient power flow between all sources of production and consumption by 2027Implementation of Wide Area Monitoring System (WAMS, using Phasor Measurement Units, or PMUs) for the entire transmission systemInstallation of a larger number of PMUs on the transmission network by 2017 or sooner, as guided by the results of initial deploymentsIndigenization of WAMS technology and PMU development and development of custom made analytics for synchrophasor data by 2017Setting up of Renewable Energy Monitoring Centres (REMCs) and Energy Storage Systems to facilitate grid integration of renewable generationInstallation of 50,000 km of optical fibre ground wire (OPGW) over transmission lines by the year 2017 to support implementation of smart grid technologiesEnabling programs and projects in transmission utilities to reduce transmission losses to below 3.5% by 2017 and below 2.5% by 2022Implement power system enhancements to facilitate evacuation and integration of 30 GW renewable capacity by 2017, 80 GW by 2022, and 130 GW by 2027, or as mutually agreed between MoP and MNRE
13Smart Grid Roadmap: Policy, Standards and Regulations Formulation of effective customer outreach and communication programsDevelopment of state/utility specific strategic roadmap(s) by 2014 for Smart Grid deploymentsRequired business process reengineering, change management and capacity building programs to be initiated by 2014Policies for grid-interconnection of consumer generation facilities (including renewable) where feasiblePolicies for roof-top solar, net-metering/feed-in tariff as well as peaking power by 2014Policies supporting improved tariffs such as dynamic tariffs, variable tariffs, etc., including demand response programsBulk consumers by 2014; extending to all 3-phase (or otherwise defined) consumers by 2017Policies created by 2014 for implementing energy efficiency in public infrastructure and EV charging facilities starting by 2015 and Demand Response ready appliances by 2017Finalization of frameworks for cyber security assessment, audit and certification of utilities by 2013Development of business models to create alternate revenue streams by leveraging the Smart Grid infrastructure to offer other services (security solutions, water metering, traffic solutions etc) to municipalities, state governments and other agenciesBuild upon the results of smart grid pilot projects and recommend appropriate changes conducive to smart grid development in Acts/Plans/etc. by end of 2015Development of 1st set of Indian Smart Grid Standards by 2014Active involvement of Indian experts in international SG development bodies
14Smart Grid Roadmap: Other Initiatives 1. Tariff mechanisms, new energy products, energy options and programs to encourage participation of customers in the energy markets that make them “prosumers” – producers and consumers – by 20172. Create an effective information exchange platform that can be shared by all market participants, including prosumers, in real time which will lead to the development of new and enhanced energy markets3. Investment in research and development, training and capacity building programs for creation of adequate resource pools for developing and implementing smart grid technologies in India - can also become a global leader and exporter of smart grid know-how, products and services
15Smart Grid Pilot Projects in India 14 Smart Grid Pilot projects have been approved for different distribution utilities last year by Ministry of Power (MoP), Govt of India (GoI). The list and project summary is available at:These projects will be part funded by MoP (50% project cost as grant from GoI). Combined cost of these projects are about US$ 80 millionThese projects will be in execution mode early 2015 – presently in RFP stageMost projects involve 20,000 or more customersThese pilots are expected to help technology section guides and business case developments for larger projects in the next phaseMany large utilities (in large states) could not apply for the first set of projects. So another set of larger and more integrated projects will be formulated soonLast mile connectivity is the major challenge in smart grid applications and these field trials to determine the most appropriate communication solutions
16Smart Grid Pilot Projects in India SnUtility, StateFunctionalities coveredCurrent Status1CESC, Mysore, Karnataka; Mysore Additional City Area DivisionAMI R, AMI I, OMS PLM, MG/DGPGCIL is consultant for project management. RfP released on Oct , project awarded on April to a consortium led by Enzen Global Solutions Pvt Ltd. Network survey has commenced – 14 feeders under process2TSPDCL (previously APCPDCL), Telangana; Jeedimetla Industrial AreaAMI R, AMI I, PLM, OMS, PQMCPRI is the consultant. Pre-bid was held on June and attended by 31 prospective bidders. Bid submission date extended twice with no bids received. Hence fresh tender with relaxed criteria to be released by Sep3APDCL, Assam; Guwahati Project AreaPLM, AMI R, AMI I, OMS DG, PQMMedhaj Techno Concept Pvt Ltd. is the consultant. RfP was released on March three bids were received and opened on July from (1) AMI Tech + HPL Meters + IBM; (2) EMC + RF Array + SPANCO + L&T Meters and (3) Rebenius +AToS + SaaS + Siemens. They are evaluating the technical bids.4UGVCL, Gujarat; Naroda/ DeesaAMI R, AMI I, OMSRfP released on Sep 11, valid bids received – Infosys + CGL, Wipro + JnJ Powercom, L&T +EDMI, Reliance + Accenture, Tapesh Energy + Corinex. Revised price bids were submitted on July PoC data monitoring has commenced from Aug5MSEDCL, Maharashtra; Baramati, PuneRfP released on Oct bids received – Wipro + Alstom; L&T, Ami Tech + OSI Inc, Rubenius. Only L&T and AMI Tech qualified. Price bid was opened on July The lowest bid price is 90% higher than cost estimate. The issue is being debated and a decision will be taken soon.6UHBVN, Haryana; Panipat City SubDivisionAMI R, AMI I, PLMThe project is under implementation through a grant from NEDO, Japan. NEDO has appointed Power Grid Solution Ltd (a JV of Tokyo electric Power Company and Hitachi), NTT Communications, Fuji Electric Company and PWC for a feasibility study, which has been completed and presented to MoP on Aug Once approved project feasibility and design will begin.
17Smart Grid Pilot Projects in India SnUtility, StateFunctionalities coveredCurrent Status7TSECL, Tripura; Electrical Division No.1, AgartalaAMI R, AMI I, PLMPGCIL is the consultant. Pre bid was held on May and 9 parties participated. First stage bid opening was on July and 3 bids were received 1) TCS + L+G 2) Wipro + JnJ Pwercom 3) Rubenious8HPSEB, Himachal Pradesh; ESD Kala Amb, Electrical Division, NahanAMI I, OMS PLM, PQMPGCIL is the consultant. NIT issued on May Pre-bid meeting was held on Jun Part one opened on Aug bids received9Puducherry; Div 1 of PuducherryAMI R, AMI IPGCIL is the consultant. RfP not released. It is yet to be issued by the Puducherry government as funding approval from Cabinet is pending.10JVVNL, Rajasthan; VKIA JaipurPGCIL are the consultants. RfP not released. Board approval awaited.11CSPDCL, Chhattisgarh; Siltara, ChhattisgarhAMI I, PLMPGCIL is the consultant. NIT was issued on March Pre bid held on Aug bid opening in 3rd week of September.12PSPCL, Punjab; Mall Mandi City Sub-Division AmritsarOMSPGCIL is the consultant. RfP released on June Pre-bid meeting was held on July tender openings were extended twice and on Sep one bid was received.13KSEB, Kerala; Across the stateAMI IRfP was released on Dec Bids were opened on March only two companies (L&T and EDMI) submitted bids. Technical bids were opened on March Only L&T qualified. Price bid was opened in July and was found that the bid price is 219% above project estimate. Decision to be taken by utility board either to change scope or go for retender14WBSEDCL, West Bengal; Siliguri town, Darjeeling DistrictPGCIL is the consultant. Pre bid to be held on Sep last date for submission of bid is to be Oct first stage bid opening is scheduled for OctAbbreviationFunctionalityAMI RAdvanced Metering Infrastructure- Residential ConsumerAMI IAdvanced Metering Infrastructure-Industrial ConsumerOMSOutage Management SystemPLMPeak Load ManagementPQMPower Quality ManagementMGMicro GridDGDistributed Generation
18Smart Grid Initiatives at State Level Preparation of State specific/Utility specific Smart Grid Roadmaps and Policies – all states/utilities are not at the same levelConstitution of Smart Grid Cells in States:MAHA-SGCC in MaharashtraSMART GRID STEERING COMMITTEE in OdishaFew other states are actively consideringConsumer Engagement ProgramsTraining and Capacity Building for Utilities and Industry by ISGFFoundation Course on Smart Grid for Engineers (5 Days)Appreciation Course on Cyber Security (3 Days)Semester Course on Cyber Security for M.Tech StudentsR-APDRP Part-A Training for Managers, Engineers and OperatorsTraining for Regulators by ISGFFoundation Course on Smart Grid for Engineers (5 days) – to start from August 2014Regulations for Smart Grids (5 Days) – course materials under development: target Oct 2014State Level Smart Grid Projects – refer latest Smart Grid Bulletin
19ISGF Smart Grid Bulletin Smart Grid Bulletin Covers:Message/ Interview from Senior Power Sector OfficialsSmart Grid Updates:Policy, Regulations & StandardsTransfers & Postings in Power Sector in IndiaTechnology & ProjectsPilot Projects in IndiaOther Smart Grid Projects in IndiaISGF Quarterly Progress ReportSmart Grid Capacity Building Initiatives by ISGF:Cyber Security for Power SystemsSmart Grid Foundation CourseSmart Grid BootcampSmart Grid Events (National & International)SMART GRID GyanCirculation: 2,500 printed copies to top decision makers in power sector in India and > 25,000 electronic copies to senior power sector professionals around the world.
20National Smart Grid Mission (NSGM) In order to achieve the goals envisaged in the Smart Grid Roadmap, it is proposed to launch a National Smart Grid Mission (NSGM)NSGM with its own resources and funding mechanism that will bring national level support from other Ministries, Institutions, and the State GovernmentsNSGM will formulate detailed blueprint that would cover specific programs and projects in different utilities in each state and estimate the capital outlays and budgetary supportNSGM will coordinate with state governments, utilities and other stakeholders for rollout of smart grid projects and monitor project implementationNSGM will coordinate development of standards, technically feasible and economically sustainable business models relevant to the Indian contextPreparation of NSGM framework and cabinet note under progressNSGM will have a Steering Committee chaired by the Minister of Power, an Executive Committee chaired by Secretary- Power, a Technical Committee chaired by Chairperson of Central Electricity Authority, and a Mission Directorate. There will be NSGM PMUs in all states
22India Smart Grid Week (ISGW2015) For more details please visit
23ISGW 2015 – Plenary Sessions Plenary Session – 1: Smart Grid Projects Update (Americas, Europe, Asia Pacific & India)Plenary Session – 2: Smart Grid Pilots and Demonstration Projects & Business ModelsPlenary Session – 3: Smart Grid to Smart Cities & Smart HomesPlenary Session – 4: International CollaborationPlenary Session – 5: Regulatory Environment & Market Design
24ISGW 2015 – Technical Tracks Track A: Future Electricity Grid Supporting Low Carbon Energy Supply and Energy SecurityTrack B: Smart Energy – Vision for the Smart Grid Evolving Towards Smart Customers and Smart Cities/ CommunitiesSmart Generation and IntegrationSmart Energy Market Design and Regulatory SupportNetwork Stability and OperationSmart Grid Communication & Cyber SecuritySmart MeteringSmart CustomerSmart Distribution - Evolution of the Distribution GridSmart Cities and Smart Communities InfrastructureStandards and Inter-operabilityTraining and Capacity Building
25ISGW 2015 – Exhibition Themes Smart Meters, DCUs, Head-end Systems and MDMCommunication SolutionsTransformer Monitoring SystemsSCADA/DMSDistribution Automation and Substation AutomationHVDSGas Insulated SubstationsWAMS, PMUs, PDCs, WACSEV Charging Infrastructure and Payment SystemsV2G and B2G TechnologiesMicrogridsEnergy Storage TechnologiesSmart Homes and HAM SolutionsRenewable Energy Resources – Tools for forecasting, scheduling and dispatchingDemand ResponseNet MetersSmart CitiesBig Data and AnalyticsCloud Computing for Smart Utilities/Smart Cities