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By Dylan and Ethan ‘Gone with the wind’ ‘Citizen Kane’ ‘Casablanca’

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1 By Dylan and Ethan ‘Gone with the wind’ ‘Citizen Kane’ ‘Casablanca’

2 Lighting: Low key- brings dark shadows High key bringing elements of brightness 3 point lighting – Key light: Is the first and most important light as it is the main source of light in the scene/setting. Fill light: Used to fill in areas missed by the key light, it reduces contrast in a scene to match every day lighting. Back light: - Used to illuminate a character/subject from the back, provides separation between the subject and the background. Can bring out elements of chiaroscuro.

3 Camera: Camera remains relatively unobtrusive, seldom draws attention to its presence 180 degree rule: In a scene between two characters in a conversation , an imaginary line connects them one another. Edits/cuts can move between any two images taken from below the line without disruption. The camera stays on one side of this center line or line of action. If the camera crosses the line, it distracts viewers from the action. Camera uses minimal close ups. A frequently used camera technique is over the shoulder shots and close medium shots, to convey a conversation. 180 degree rule

4 Editing Continuity editing (Invisible editing):
Action develops as a uninterrupted flow of across shots, this is to keep the audience involved in the tension. Position, movement and direction of objects within the frame are reliable throughout every shot Eyeline match rules the route of the characters gaze.

5 Sound and Music Some films in the period started using over lapping dialogue to create realism, this is referred to as a sound bridge. Music has ques to bridge action or create an atmosphere.

6 Narrative Linear narrative , an account of a string of events occurring in space and time. Protagonists have a clear set of goals In Classical Hollywood Cinema, narrative follows building blocks that are part and parcel of most Western narratives such as events, actors and agents, linear chains of cause and effect, main point and secondary points. The narrative is clearly structured with visible beginning middle and end. The narrative generally provides complete resolve at the end. The characters goals are all motivated by goals. Todorov’s theory follows the idea of an Equilibrium at the beginning of the narrative with a new equilibrium at the end.

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