Presentation on theme: "POL2 204 Fall 2011. The Global Traditional Undeveloped Pre-Industrial Developed Underdeveloped Development Underdevelopment State 1 ProcessState 2 The."— Presentation transcript:
Traditional Undeveloped Pre-Industrial Developed Underdeveloped Development Underdevelopment State 1 ProcessState 2 The Great Divergence The Global Gap Industrial Revolution Colonialism Decolonization
The Three Main Historical “Paths” in the Processes of Development & Underdevelopment Note: Years are approximate beginning and ending points Prof. William A. Joseph / Wellesley College
*Adapted from http://law.jrank.org/pages/9534/Proximate-Cause.html#ixzz0TM7O00Vb **law.jrank.org/pages/7483/Immediate-Cause.html Three levels of causation immediate cause ** The final act in a series of provocations leading to a particular result or event, directly producing such result without the intervention of any further provocation. proximate cause * An act from which [an outcome] results as a... direct, uninterrupted consequence and without which [it would] not have occurred...It is not necessarily the closest cause in time or space nor the first event that sets in motion a sequence of events leading to an outcome. ultimate cause The most fundamental explanation for an outcome; the deepest root of what is being explained; the true origins of something.
ULTIMATE CAUSE PROXIMATE CAUSES IMMEDIATE CAUSES THE GLOBAL GAP
SUSTAINING FACTORS e.g. governance; culture; global economy & institutions The Global Gap IMMEDIATE FACTORS From Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond, 87. Colonialism, Industrial Revolution