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Structure and Function of the Respiratory System Lesson 1-2.

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Presentation on theme: "Structure and Function of the Respiratory System Lesson 1-2."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Structure and Function of the Respiratory System Lesson 1-2

3 Fun With Facts 1. Which lung is bigger?? a. Right b. Left A. Right

4 Fun With Facts 2. The highest recorded sneeze speed is... a. 165km/hr b. 113km/hr c. 194km/hr d. The speed that it takes to go from your nose to your lab partners shirt A. 165km/hr

5 Fun With Facts 3. Hairs in the nose help us to clean the air we breath in as well as… a. Rid the oxygen of boogers b. Warm the air c. Distinguish between our grandpa Joe and our grandma Sally B. warm the air

6 Fun With Facts 4. The surface area of the human lungs approximately what? a. The area of a football field b. The area of a volleyball court c. The area of a tennis court d. The area of a hockey rink (Olympic size) C.the area of a tennis court or 100 square meters.

7 Fun With Facts 5. An adult at rest usually breaths approximately how many times a minute? a. 5-9 b c d A. (b) 12-15x per minute. An adult inhales and exhales approx. 23,000/day

8 Fun With Facts 6. About how much water do we lose per day through breathing? a. 2 L b. 1 ½ L c. 1L d. ½ L D. ½ L After Breathing Before Breathing

9 Fun With Facts 7. The greatest part of the dust in your house comes from where? a. The mantel above the fireplace b. Your computer screen c. Your couches/beds from breathing on them a. Your skin D. from pieces peeled off of your skin

10 Fun With Facts 8. There is more carbonic acid in the air exhaled by a human being than in the atmosphere (proportionally). a. True b. False c. You would need to take into account other mammals for that statement to be true A. True

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12 Nasal Cavity Pharynx

13 Pharynx Muscular funnel-shaped tube about 5 inches long connects the nasal and oral cavities to the larynx houses the tonsils and the adenoids, which are lymphatic tissues that guard against infection by releasing white blood cells (T and B lymphocytes).

14 Tonsils Pharyngeal tonsils ◦ located near the opening of the nasal cavity into the pharynx. When these tonsils become enlarged they may interfere with breathing and are called adenoids. Palatine tonsils ◦ located near the opening of the oral cavity into the pharynx. Lingual tonsils ◦ located on the posterior surface of the tongue,

15 Nasal Cavity Pharynx Larynx

16 Larynx two thin sheets of elastic ligaments called the vocal chords. The vocal chords vibrate as air is forced from the lungs toward the pharynx. Different sounds are produced by a change in tension on the vocal chords. constructed mainly of cartilage

17 Nasal Cavity Pharynx Larynx Trachea

18 Trachea passes air from the pharynx into the lungs. Lined with ciliated, mucus-producing cells An enlarged segment of cartilage supports the epiglottis, a flap-like structure that covers the glottis, or opening of the trachea, when food is being swallowed.

19 Nasal Cavity Pharynx Larynx Trachea Bronchi

20 Bronchi Inhaled air moves from the trachea into two bronchi (singular: bronchus), which, like the trachea, contain cartilage rings. carry air into the right and left lungs, where they branch into smaller airways called bronchioles.

21 Nasal Cavity Pharynx Larynx Trachea Bronchi Bronchioles

22 Bronchial Tubes and Bronchioles do not contain cartilaginous rings. Smooth muscles in the walls of the bronchioles can decrease their diameter. The bronchioles pass air from the bronchi to the alveoli.

23 Alveoli Bronchioles

24 Alveoli Are tiny air-filled sacks Each alveolus is surrounded by capillaries. Inside, gases diffuse between the air and blood according to concentration gradients. Alveoli must be moist for this to occur. Oxygen and carbon dioxide both move from areas of higher concentration to areas of lower concentration.

25 Close-up of Alveoli

26 Nasal Cavity Pharynx Larynx Trachea Bronchi Bronchioles Diaphragm

27 Diaphragm The diaphragm is the primary muscle of inspiration. Through its muscular energy, it allows the gasses to move in and out of the lungs through changing pressures within the lung.

28 Breathing Mechanisms spx?id= &esource=feed_google_video

29 Pleural Membrane The outer surface of the lungs is surrounded by a thin membrane called the pleural membrane, which also lines the inner wall of the chest cavity. The space between the pleural membranes is filled with fluids that reduce the friction between the lungs and the chest cavity during inhalation.

30 Make your own notes…(period 3) Text pg Continue with structures and functions by making your own notes for the following: ◦ Diaphragm ◦ Ext. intercostal muscles ◦ Int. intercostal muscles Fill in the review table

31 Label


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