Unit Outline Crossword Puzzle – 10 pts Quiz – 20 pts Notebook Check – 10 pts Review Sheet – 35 pts Exam – 50 pts Total of 125 points! You will find all materials on my website! If absent, you need to see me to make up work!
Digestive System Learning Goals Understand the structure and function of the digestive system. Identify problems and diseases associated with the digestive system. Identify techniques that keep the digestive system healthy.
Lets get a quick visual of the system and how it works! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z7xKY Nz9AS0 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z7xKY Nz9AS0
3 Main Functions a.Digestion – breakdown of foods within stomach and intestines for use by body’s cells b.Absorption – passage of digested food from digestive tract into blood c.Elimination – body’s expulsion of undigested food or body wastes.
The Digestive Process 4 sections ◦ 1. Mouth ◦ 2. Throat ◦ 3. Stomach ◦ 4. Intestines
The Digestive Process - Mouth a.Teeth break food you eat into smaller pieces b.Mastication – the process of chewing c.Saliva is produced by salivary glands. Saliva contains an enzyme that breaks down food in the mouth – Amylase.
The Digestive Process - Mouth d.Tongue – shapes and prepares food for swallowing Make sure to brush tongue to avoid bad breath!!!
The Digestive Process – The Throat a.The uvula – small flap of tissue at the back of the throat that prevents food from going to the nasal passages b.The epiglottis – flap of tissue which covers the throat, preventing food from entering your airways.
The Digestive Process – The Throat c.When food is swallowed, it enters the esophagus – a 10 inch tube that connects the throat to the stomach d.Peristalsis – series of involuntary muscle contractions that move food through the digestive system e.(similar to squeezing a tube of toothpaste from the bottom up)
The Digestive Process - Stomach a. Stomach - hollow sac-like organ connected to the esophagus b. Functions: - digests food with gastric juices - moves food into small intestine c. Converts food into chyme - a creamy mixture of food and gastric juices.
The Digestive Process - Intestines a. from the stomach, food moves into small intestines ◦ 20-23 feet long, 1 inch in diameter ◦ This is where most of the nutrients from food are absorbed into the body!!! b. inner lining contains villi – tiny fingerlike projections that help absorb nutrients
The Digestive Process - Intestines c. any unabsorbed material goes from the small intestine into the large intestine d. here water is absorbed; helps to eliminate waste e. undigested food passes through the large intestine; or the colon f. exited through the anus
Helpers of the Digestive System 1. It is important to note food DOES NOT pass through these organs! 2. Pancreas a. produces enzymes to help break down food b. produces insulin to help regulate blood sugar levels
Helpers of the Digestive System 3. Liver a. produces bile b. Bile – a green fluid that helps breakdown fats 4. Gallbladder a. small pouch which stores the bile
Crossword puzzle – 10 pts Identify parts of the digestive system
Functional Problem:What is it? Causes?Symptoms? Heartburn Gas Nausea
Digestive System Care 1. Eat foods high in fiber! ◦ Fiber helps food and waste pass through the digestive tract ◦ Reduces risk of colon cancer ◦ Beans, Prunes, Pears, and Leafy Green Vegetables are good sources
Digestive System Care 2. Drink plenty of water ◦ 8 glasses a day! ◦ Helps keep things moving regularly
Digestive System Care 3. Eat slowly and don’t hurry through your meals ◦ Eating too fast can cause gas or indigestion
Extra Credit! EXTRA CREDIT – DIGESTIVE SYSTEM 1. EAT A MEAL/SNACK WITH HIGH FIBER AND LOW IN FAT TO EARN CREDIT FOR THIS, YOU MUST BRING IN THE FOOD LABEL OF THE SNACK YOU ATE AND ATTACH IT TO THE EXTRA CREDIT SHEET 2. DRINK 8 GLASSES OF WATER IN A DAY THIS CAN ONLY BE COMPLETED ON A WEEKEND SO YOU CAN HAVE YOUR PARENTS WITNESS THIS THROUGHOUT THE DAY. HAVE THEM SIGN EXTRA CREDIT SHEET! 3. HAVE A 30 MINUTE SIT DOWN DINNER WITH YOUR FAMILY! EAT SLOWLY, RELAX, AND ENJOY YOUR MEAL! HAVE YOUR PARENT FILL OUT AN EXTRA CREDIT WITNESS SLIP AFTER YOUR DINNER!