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The Fly Higher Tutorial I Aircraft in the air: How Humans Fly Airbus A350ConcordeHarrier Jump-Jet
Introduction: The Birds & the Bees If you look around in nature, you can see all sorts of flying creatures, blessed with a natural capacity to fly. Can you name some? What do they do to get into the air? Most animals cannot fly – what factors prevent them?
Introduction: The Birds & the Bees If you look around in nature, you can see all sorts of flying animals and insects, what do they do to get into the air? The birds & Insects all have WINGS that FLAP! ? But in humans’ quest for flight, this idea simply did NOT work for us! Please watch video 1 Man´s Early Flight Attempts Source YouTube Video Mrfrankfranktube Edition Fly Higher
Introduction: The Birds & the Bees If flapping does not work, what does? As you watch the above video, think of as many ways that you can by which humans get into the air (safely!). We cannot do that naturally, so what devices do we use to help us? As you watch the above video, think of as many ways that you can by which humans get into the air (safely!). We cannot do that naturally, so what devices do we use to help us? Please watch video 2 Amazing Bird – in slow motion Source YouTube Video myvideohole Edition Fly Higher
Early Attempts: Balloons & Sheep! In September 1783, the Montgolfier brothers' hot air balloon was flown with the first living creature in a basket below the balloon. The animal was a sheep … called Montauciel ! Soon after, balloon trips around Paris were all the fashion with wealthy people!
Early Attempts: Getting into a flap NO! Flapping did not go well for human flight! … So, if imitating birds and insects is not the way for humans to fly, what is? Please watch video 3 Man´s Early Flight Attempts 2 Source YouTube Video Mrfrankfranktube Edition Fly Higher
Flight: The “Wright” way to go! After all these different ideas and attempts to gain flight into the air, on the 17 th of December 1903, brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright flew 40 metres with a powered aircraft! They called her “Kitty Hawk”. Please watch video 4 The Wright way to go Source YouTube Video Channel canyouthink Edition Fly Higher Human’s had finally achieved powered flight!
Facts & Figures: The Airbus A380 The largest passenger plane, the European Airbus A380, has a wingspan twice as long as the Wright brothers’ first flight!
Facts & Figures: A380: Stats & Figures
Facts & Figures: Going around the world! The Boeing 737, the world’s most popular passenger aircraft, has flown more than billion miles - equivalent to nearly 600 round trips from the earth to the sun!
Facts & Figures: People in Aviation In 2011 the following figures were published about general aviation: – Over 2.8 billion passengers were carried by the world's airlines. This is around 40% of the world’s entire human population! – 8.4 million people work directly in the aviation industry throughout the world. This is equal to the entire population of Austria!
OK! BUT…. What keeps aeroplanes in the air? Is it magic….or nice, gentle fairies? Take a look at this: Please watch video 5 The Forces of an Airplane Source YouTube Video Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT and K12 videos Edition Fly Higher
In the air: The 4 forces at work Lift Drag Weight Thrust Generated from the engines on the wings All fuel, cargo, passengers plus the plane itself Generated by air pressure over the wings Caused by air resistance as the plane moves forward through the air
The Modern Plane: All types still work on these principles Today we see a huge amount of varied aircraft flying and carrying people all over the world... Please watch video 6 Farnborough Airshow 2012 Edition Fly Higher
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