Presentation on theme: "ENVIROTHON PRACTICE QUIZ. For how long has the game commission managed PA’s wildlife resources? More than 100 years."— Presentation transcript:
ENVIROTHON PRACTICE QUIZ
For how long has the game commission managed PA’s wildlife resources? More than 100 years
In the late 1800’s, our wildlife began to disappear as a result of… deforestation, pollution, unregulated hunting & trapping
What branch of government created the PA game commission? State Legislature
How is the PA Game Commission funded? Hunting/furtaker license sales, revenue from timber/mineral/oil/gas, tax from guns/ammunition
Name 3 species that are examples of successful wildlife management. White-tailed deer, black bear, wild turkey
True or False? More deer, bear, and turkeys live in PA now than when the colonists first arrived. True
List 7 species that the PA game commission has successfully reintroduced. Beavers, river otters, elk, bald eagles, fishers, ospreys, peregrine falcons
How many full-time and Deputy Wildlife Conservation Officers make up the wildlife protection force? 200 full-time & 500 deputy officers
How large an area is one full-time wildlife conservation officer responsible for? 350 square miles
What types of training do game commission officers receive? Law enforcement & wildlife management
From what school do all full-time game commission officers graduate? Ross Leffler School of Conservation
Approximately how many students are trained in the game commissions Hunter-Trapper Education Program each year? 40,000
Name 3 other education programs offered by the game commission. BOW, WILD, Bowhunter Ed.
Who must complete hunter-trapper education? All first time hunters/trappers (must be at least 11)
How old must you be to hunt? 12
How many hours of instruction must be completed as part of hunter- trapper education? 10 hour minimum
What is the cost of hunter-trapper education? No cost
Where do common and hooded mergansers lay their eggs? Tree cavities
What is North Americas largest rodent? Beaver
List 2 other names used for the American black duck. Black mallard & red leg
When do otters breed? Jan - May
What animals prey upon young muskrats? Hawks, snakes, snapping turtles, owls, fox, mink
What do Common Merganser ducks eat? Fish, fish eggs, other aquatic animals
Which PA mammal likes to play by sliding on ice or snow, wrestling, playing with sticks/stones, or shooting down muddy banks into creeks? River otter
How much does an adult beaver weigh? lbs
Which of the following beaver senses is weak: vision, hearing, smell? Vision
Is the male or female mink larger? Male
True or False? Minks turn white in the winter. False
Which PA mammal is a good fighter? Muskrat
Are diving ducks or puddle ducks better at becoming airborne? Puddle
What is another name for the Bufflehead duck? Butterball
True or False? Diving ducks form monogomous pairs. True
How many eggs are in a puddle duck clutch?
How does the voice of a male Northern Pintail sound? Flute-like whistle
What color is the speculum of the American Black duck? Violet-blue
True or False? Male Bald Eagles are larger than females. False
What do eagles eat? Fish, birds, small mammals
What color are the bills and feet of a Bald Eagle? Yellow
How many times sharper than a human’s is the Bald Eagle’s eyesight? 5 X
True or False? In PA, the status of the Bald Eagle has been upgraded to “threatened”. False - remained endangered in PA
True or False? Bald Eagles mate for life. True
In the wild, how long can Bald Eagles live? 30 years
Do eagles migrate? NO
How many eggs do female eagles lay? 2 (sometimes 1 or 3)
What is “hacking”? Maintaining a young bird in a semi- wild condition, providing food until it can fend for itself.
When was the bald eagle chosen as the United States’ national symbol? 1782
Do ospreys primarily flap or soar? Flap
Which has the greatest wingspan, bald eagle or osprey? Bald eagle: 6-8 ft Osprey: ft
What is much of the reproductive failure in eagles and ospreys due to? Man’s use of toxic chemicals to kill insects. Even though most have been banned, they remain in our food chain (drain into rivers and get into fish) because of slow break down.
What family of birds is related to storks and flamingos? Heron
What is “powder down”? Areas of feathers with tips that disintegrate into powder. Herons distribute it by preening & it serves to absorb and remove fish oil, scum and slime.
What are heron nesting colonies called? Rookeries
What are the favorite foods of the Great Blue Heron? Fish, water snakes, frogs, crayfish, mice, shrews, insects
Name 2 Great Egret favorite nesting tree types. Beech & Red Maple
Are eagle, osprey, heron, egret, and hawk eggs incubated by the female, male, or both parents? Both
When is the American Bittern active? Dusk and at night.
Do hawks have monocular or binocular vision? Explain. Binocular vision (eyes on front of face) - gives these predators depth perception.
Hawks “mantle” their prey. What does this mean? Spread their wings to form a shield that hides it from other predators.
Bluejays often mimic the piercing whistled “kee-yer” of what raptor? Red-Shouldered Hawk
Which raptor is larger, the red- shouldered hawk or the northern harrier? Red-Shouldered Hawk
What is the most common duck in the U.S., North America, and the Northern Hemisphere? Mallard
What type of duck is the Mallard? Puddle (dabbling)
When ice closes up marshes, lakes, and ponds what do mallards eat? Corn (other grains)
What is the life span of mallards? 7-9 years (but more than half die before 2)
Which duck’s scientific name (Aix sponsa) means “a waterfowl in wedding dress”? Wood Duck
True or False? Wood ducks do not quack. True
How old are wood duck ducklings when they leave the nest for the first time? 1 day
How does a Kingfisher obtain and eat prey? Hunt from perches (branches, utility wires…). Dives into water with closed eyes and grabs prey with bill. Flys back to perch, whacks fish against perch to stun, and swallows it headfirst.
When are Kingfishers active? From just before sunrise to about 10:00 am.
Where do Kingfishers nest? Burrows dug into steep banks.
How do Kingfishers avoid predators? Diving into water.