Presentation on theme: "Notebook Set up Place your syllabus as a flap on the inside front cover of your notebook. Place your username and password sheet under your syllabus."— Presentation transcript:
Notebook Set up Place your syllabus as a flap on the inside front cover of your notebook. Place your username and password sheet under your syllabus.
Notebook Set up On the very first page, label it ‘table of contents’. On the left side, place the odd numbers. On the right side, place the even numbers. When you are done it should look like my picture.
Notebook set up Page 1 (back of table of contents) Label the back of the table of contents page 1 (put the number in a corner of the page). Glue the lab safety contract as a flap. On the table of contents, label page 1 ‘lab safety contract’.
Notebook set up Page 2 Opposite the lab safety sheet is page 2. label it. Glue down ‘how to write a lab report sheet’. Label it in the table of contents.
Notebook Setup Page 3 – Label this Scientific Method. These will be notes
Earth Science The study of Earth and its neighbors in space Includes 4 areas of study – Geology-study of Earth – Oceanography- study of ocean processes – Meteorology- study of the atmosphere – Astronomy- study of the universe
What is the Scientific Method? A systematic approach used to solve a problem. Not always the same.
Steps to the Scientific Method Observation Formulate a question Research and collect data Form a hypothesis Test Hypothesis Observe Draw Conclusions Something in the natural world What do you What is already Propose an Does it want to know? known? an answer. support your hypothesis? If not, modify the hypothesis based on new observations. Observations give additional info for new hypothesis. Form modified hypothesis
Formulate a question Asks how two variables can be related. How does _________ affect _______?
Research and collect data Scientists must have background knowledge before they test. Can use other scientific articles. Can use history. Can use data previously collected.
Hypothesis What is a hypothesis? Most common answer: an educated guess But, what is an educated guess? Must be testable and repeatable. Is written as an ‘If…Then…’ statement
Experimentation Variables-factors that can affect the outcome of an experiment. – Independent variable: factor that you set (ex. time intervals) – Dependent variable: factor whose value depends on what happens in the experiment Control-an experiment in which variables are kept constant; the standard. YOU CAN ONLY TEST ONE VARIABLE AT A TIME.
Conclusion-What does the data say? A judgment based on the observations made. Experiments must be tested hundreds of times to be validated. Conclusions can either becomes a scientific law (based on tests) or a theory (can’t be tested).
Homework- Due Monday Aug. 19 Think of a problem/phenomenon that you would like to research and go through the steps of the scientific method and describe what steps you would take to solve your problem. Include things like the different types of data you would collect, your different variables, etc.