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Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures

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Presentation on theme: "Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures"— Presentation transcript:

1 Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures
8th Grade Science 8.P.1.1 Classify matter as elements, compounds, or mixtures based on how the atoms are packed together in arrangements.

2 Essential Questions How does the arrangement of atoms affect the classification of matter? What is the difference between elements, compounds, and mixtures?

3 How do we classify matter?
What is an element? A pure substance that is made up of only one kind of atom  H, He, O2 Organized on the periodic table Represented with a chemical symbol What is a compound? A pure substance made up of two or more elements that have been chemically combined Represented using a chemical formula  C6H12O6, NaCl What is a pure substance? Any substance that cannot be physically broken down into simpler substances Includes both elements and compounds

4 What are mixtures? The physical combination of 2 or more substances
Mixtures are NOT chemically combined Mixtures can be separated by physical means (filtration, evaporation, distillation) Mixtures are divided into two groups Heterogeneous A mixture that is unevenly distributed Homogeneous A mixture that is evenly distributed

5 Comparing Elements, compounds, and mixtures
Creating a foldable: Fold a blank sheet of paper in half hamburger style Next, fold the half size into thirds Carefully cut along the folds of only the top half of folded paper so that you have 3 flaps, then glue down in your notebook

6 Label each flap with the following information:
Elements Compounds Mixtures A pure substance In an element, all atoms are identical and share the same physical and chemical properties Represented with a chemical symbol A compound is a combination of 2 or more elements joined by chemical bonds Represented with a chemical formula A combination of pure substances A mixture is composed of element(s) and/or compound(s) Label each flap with the following information: Flap 1 Title: Elements Flap 2 Title: Compounds Flap 3 Title: Mixtures

7 Elements Behind “Elements” Flap Inside “Elements” Flap
Elements are organized on the periodic table There are over 100 known elements Elements are represented with a chemical symbol. The symbol is at least one letter; the first letter is always capitalized Example: H (Hydrogen) & He (Helium) Element examples: Mg (Magnesium) C (Carbon) S (Sulfur) or S8 Some elements are diatomic (2 atoms); they occur in nature in groups of two H2, O2, Br2, Cl2

8 Can it have two or more types of atoms? Can it have one type of atom?
Compounds Behind “Compounds” Flap What is the difference between a molecule and a compound? Type of Substance Can it have two or more types of atoms? Can it have one type of atom? Can it be an element? Molecule Yes Compound Yes (it must!) No Inside “Compounds” Flap There are millions of compounds! Examples: H2O, H2O2, FeO, CH3 All compounds are molecules, but not all molecules are compounds  O2 is a molecule, but it’s not a compound

9 Mixtures Behind “Mixtures” Flap Inside “Mixtures” Flap
Homogeneous Mixtures Heterogeneous Mixtures These mixtures are evenly distributed and may look like pure substances because they are completely mixed into a single phase Also called solutions – contain a solute (the substance being dissolved) dissolved in a solvent (the substance doing the dissolving) Examples: salt water, Kool-aid, brass These mixtures are not evenly distributed The substances are considered insoluble because one substance will not dissolve in the other Examples: oil and water, Chex mix, chicken noodle soup

10 Venn Diagram – Comparing elements, compounds, and mixtures
Place the letter for each description in its location on the Venn Diagram Pure substance Only one type of atom Two or more types of atoms Always homogeneous Can be homogeneous Matter Can be two or more phases There are about 100 different ones Two elements joined by chemical bonds Can be separated by physical change Can be broken down by chemical change B, H A, D E, F K, I G, J C

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