Presentation on theme: "ELEMENTS, COMPOUNDS, AND MIXTURES 8 TH GRADE SCIENCE 8.P.1.1 CLASSIFY MATTER AS ELEMENTS, COMPOUNDS, OR MIXTURES BASED ON HOW THE ATOMS ARE PACKED TOGETHER."— Presentation transcript:
ELEMENTS, COMPOUNDS, AND MIXTURES 8 TH GRADE SCIENCE 8.P.1.1 CLASSIFY MATTER AS ELEMENTS, COMPOUNDS, OR MIXTURES BASED ON HOW THE ATOMS ARE PACKED TOGETHER IN ARRANGEMENTS.
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How does the arrangement of atoms affect the classification of matter? What is the difference between elements, compounds, and mixtures?
HOW DO WE CLASSIFY MATTER? What is an element? A pure substance that is made up of only one kind of atom H, He, O 2 Organized on the periodic table Represented with a chemical symbol What is a compound? A pure substance made up of two or more elements that have been chemically combined Represented using a chemical formula C 6 H 12 O 6, NaCl What is a pure substance? Any substance that cannot be physically broken down into simpler substances Includes both elements and compounds
WHAT ARE MIXTURES? The physical combination of 2 or more substances Mixtures are NOT chemically combined Mixtures can be separated by physical means (filtration, evaporation, distillation) Mixtures are divided into two groups Heterogeneous A mixture that is unevenly distributed Homogeneous A mixture that is evenly distributed
COMPARING ELEMENTS, COMPOUNDS, AND MIXTURES Creating a foldable: Fold a blank sheet of paper in half hamburger style Next, fold the half size into thirds Carefully cut along the folds of only the top half of folded paper so that you have 3 flaps, then glue down in your notebook
Elements Compounds Mixtures A pure substance In an element, all atoms are identical and share the same physical and chemical properties Represented with a chemical symbol A pure substance A compound is a combination of 2 or more elements joined by chemical bonds Represented with a chemical formula A combination of pure substances A mixture is composed of element(s) and/or compound(s) Label each flap with the following information: Flap 1 Title: Elements Flap 2 Title: Compounds Flap 3 Title: Mixtures
ELEMENTS BEHIND “ELEMENTS” FLAP Elements are organized on the periodic table There are over 100 known elements Elements are represented with a chemical symbol. The symbol is at least one letter; the first letter is always capitalized Example: H (Hydrogen) & He (Helium) INSIDE “ELEMENTS” FLAP Element examples: Mg (Magnesium) C (Carbon) S (Sulfur) or S 8 Some elements are diatomic (2 atoms); they occur in nature in groups of two H 2, O 2, Br 2, Cl 2
Compounds Type of SubstanceCan it have two or more types of atoms? Can it have one type of atom? Can it be an element? MoleculeYes CompoundYes (it must!)No What is the difference between a molecule and a compound? What is the difference between a molecule and a compound? Behind “Compounds” Flap Inside “Compounds” Flap There are millions of compounds! There are millions of compounds! Examples: H 2 O, H 2 O 2, FeO, CH 3 Examples: H 2 O, H 2 O 2, FeO, CH 3 All compounds are molecules, but not all molecules are compounds O 2 is a molecule, but it’s not a compound All compounds are molecules, but not all molecules are compounds O 2 is a molecule, but it’s not a compound
MIXTURES BEHIND “MIXTURES” FLAP These mixtures are evenly distributed and may look like pure substances because they are completely mixed into a single phase Also called solutions – contain a solute (the substance being dissolved) dissolved in a solvent (the substance doing the dissolving) Examples: salt water, Kool-aid, brass INSIDE “MIXTURES” FLAP These mixtures are not evenly distributed The substances are considered insoluble because one substance will not dissolve in the other Examples: oil and water, Chex mix, chicken noodle soup HETEROGENEOUS MIXTURES HOMOGENEOUS MIXTURES
Elements MixturesCompounds Venn Diagram – Comparing elements, compounds, and mixtures Place the letter for each description in its location on the Venn Diagram A.Pure substance B.Only one type of atom C.Two or more types of atoms D.Always homogeneous E.Can be homogeneous F.Matter G.Can be two or more phases H.There are about 100 different ones I.Two elements joined by chemical bonds J.Can be separated by physical change K.Can be broken down by chemical change B, H K, I G, J A, D C E, F