2Question:How are particles of foreign matter expelled from the respiratory system?
3Respiratory SystemMain function is to supply oxygen to the body and remove carbon dioxide and water.
4What is the difference between breathing and respiration? Movement of the chest that brings air into the body through the lungsChemical reaction used by cells to release energy from glucoseProduces CO2 and H2O as waste products
5Organs of the respiratory system The nose- Air enters the body through the nose into the nasal cavities which are lined with cilia- tiny hair-like projections that move together in a sweeping motion.
6Organs of the respiratory system The Pharynx- air enters the pharynx (a.k.a. the throat), a tube-like passage way also used by food and liquidContains the vocal chords
7Organs of the respiratory system The trachea- tube held open by rings of cartilage – called the wind pipeLined with cilia and mucousEpiglottis- small flap of tissue that folds over the trachea and prevents food or liquid from entering.
8Organs of the respiratory system Bronchi and Lungs-Bronchi are passages that direct air into the lungs.Lungs are the main organ of the respiratory system.Bronchioles are the smallest tubes of the bronchi that end in clusters called aveoli- tiny sacs of tissue that specialize in the movement of gasses between the blood and air.
9Create a multi-layer foldable Outside of the foldableInside the foldable
10Respiratory System Foldable Glue down on page.Attach the Pharynx to the Bronchi.Add the following information.Bronchi- main passage way into lungsAlveoli- Functional units of lungs that permit gas exchange. Found in small clusters at the end of the bronchioles.
11Respiratory System Foldable Glue along dotted edges.Write the functions or the ribcage under the flaps.The rib cage has 3 important functions:1) Protection- protects heart and lungs2) Support- provides strong framework for muscles to attach3) Respiration- flexible can expand and contract by the action of the muscles
12Respiratory System Foldable Glue on the dotted edges.Write the following information under the flap:The human lungs are a pair of large, spongy organs optimized for gas exchange between our blood and the air. Our bodies require oxygen in order to survive. The lungs provide us with the vital oxygen while also removing carbon dioxide before it can reach hazardous levels. If the inner surface of the lungs could be stretched out flat they would occupy an area of square meters about the size of half a tennis court.