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Responses to Attacks on Civil Liberties The Roaring 20’s.

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Presentation on theme: "Responses to Attacks on Civil Liberties The Roaring 20’s."— Presentation transcript:

1 Responses to Attacks on Civil Liberties The Roaring 20’s

2 Pair-Share: What events, interests, and philosophies prompted attacks on civil liberties during the 1920’s? What do you think people did to fight discrimination during the 1920’s?

3 National Origins Act

4 Ku Klux Klan

5 Sacco and Vanzetti

6 The Scope’s Trial

7 The Palmer Raids

8 Standard Analyze the international and domestic events, interests, and philosophies that prompted attacks on civil liberties, including the Palmer Raids, Marcus Garvey's "back-to-Africa" movement, the Ku Klux Klan, and immigration quotas and the responses of organizations such as the American Civil Liberties Union, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and the Anti-Defamation League to those attacks.Analyze the international and domestic events, interests, and philosophies that prompted attacks on civil liberties, including the Palmer Raids, Marcus Garvey's "back-to-Africa" movement, the Ku Klux Klan, and immigration quotas and the responses of organizations such as the American Civil Liberties Union, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and the Anti-Defamation League to those attacks.

9 Activity: Responses to Attack on Civil Liberties You will be reading about organizations that were formed in the 1920’s to fight attacks on civil liberties and discrimination.You will be reading about organizations that were formed in the 1920’s to fight attacks on civil liberties and discrimination. Each student in your group will teach the other group members about a specific organization while they take notes.Each student in your group will teach the other group members about a specific organization while they take notes.

10 Activity: Fighting Discrimination Directions:Directions: –Get out two pieces of paper –Watch Ms. Lee fold a sample –Label your paper as shown: –Front: “Fighting Discrimination” (top) –Back: 1 st flap: American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)1 st flap: American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) 2 nd flap: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)2 nd flap: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) 3 rd flap: Anti-Defamation League (ADL)3 rd flap: Anti-Defamation League (ADL) 4 th flap: Marcus Garvey’s “back to Africa” Movement4 th flap: Marcus Garvey’s “back to Africa” Movement

11 Activity: Fighting Discrimination Read about your assigned organization and fill out the corresponding flap with the following:Read about your assigned organization and fill out the corresponding flap with the following: –Who (who was the founder) –When (When was it founded?) –Why (Why did they organize? What type of discrimination did they fight?) –How (How did they try to fight discrimination)

12 Activity: Fighting Discrimination You will now take turns teaching the other group members about your assigned organization as they take notes.You will now take turns teaching the other group members about your assigned organization as they take notes. Please do not simply read your notes, explain your topic in detail!Please do not simply read your notes, explain your topic in detail! Remember: The best way to learn is to TEACH!Remember: The best way to learn is to TEACH!

13 Who: Roger Baldwin- founder When: 1920Who: Roger Baldwin- founder When: 1920 What: An organization that fought to stop discrimination against immigrants. Still exists today.What: An organization that fought to stop discrimination against immigrants. Still exists today. How: litigation (lawsuits) & lobbying (influencing decisions made by the government)How: litigation (lawsuits) & lobbying (influencing decisions made by the government) Why: to defend immigrants and other “undesirables” in court to ensure constitutional rights and protect civil liberties.Why: to defend immigrants and other “undesirables” in court to ensure constitutional rights and protect civil liberties. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)

14 The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Who: W.E.B. Du Bois – founder What: A group that fought for the rights of African Americans, and tried to end discrimination practices during the 1920s, such as segregation. How: Fights legal battles to end discrimination and racism Why: People of all races, nationalities and faiths united on one premise --that all men and women are created equal.

15 W.E.B Du Bois and the NAACP

16 The Anti-Defamation League ADL Defamation an abusive attack on a person's character or good nameDefamation an abusive attack on a person's character or good name Who: Order of B'nai B'rithWho: Order of B'nai B'rith What: A group that fought for the rights of Jewish people.What: A group that fought for the rights of Jewish people. How: fights anti-semetism, defends democratic ideals and fights for civil rights with policy makers the media and the public.How: fights anti-semetism, defends democratic ideals and fights for civil rights with policy makers the media and the public. Why: in response to rampant anti-Semitism and discrimination against Jews. To end discrimination in hiring, schooling and housing.Why: in response to rampant anti-Semitism and discrimination against Jews. To end discrimination in hiring, schooling and housing.

17 Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) Who: Marcus Garvey What: A movement that wanted black people to band together and move back to Africa. Believed in the worth of the African Americans, and thought that the best way to encourage self confidence was to simply leave the United States. How: –s–s–s–sought to empower blacks worldwide toward economic, religious, psychological, and cultural independence. –P–P–P–Promoted “Back to Africa” separatist movement Why: discrimination against African Americans

18 Marcus Garvey

19 Wrap-Up


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