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Rasta – Mar 07 Straight-Ins Abeam VFR Entry “CS, Request Straight-In” Clear for Instrument Approaches “Below 150, Gear Clear” Lower Gear and Flaps Bunt.

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Presentation on theme: "Rasta – Mar 07 Straight-Ins Abeam VFR Entry “CS, Request Straight-In” Clear for Instrument Approaches “Below 150, Gear Clear” Lower Gear and Flaps Bunt."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rasta – Mar 07 Straight-Ins Abeam VFR Entry “CS, Request Straight-In” Clear for Instrument Approaches “Below 150, Gear Clear” Lower Gear and Flaps Bunt Slightly as Flaps Lower “Check Handle Down, 3 Green” Slowly Raise Nose & Trim as Airspeed Bleeds Off PCL to Light in Handle Lower Nose ~5 o or Prop Arc Half Way to Horizon Check ~20% Torque +5 KIAS > App Spd PCL to ~25 / 30 / 45% Note 1 to Catch 110/105/100 KIAS Note 1 Runway Hits Spinner Decrease Pitch & Power Lower Nose to put Runway In Middle of Windscreen Set Torque to ~16 / 18 / 20% Note 2 “Aimpoint, Airspeed” Ensure Runway is Clear Pick a Side of Runway “CS, 5 Miles” “CS, Two Miles, Gear Down, (No Flap)” Level Off & Trim as Airspeed Bleeds Off Touchdown at Final App Speed – 20 KIAS Note 2 Cross Threshold at Final App Speed – 10 KIAS ~1000 feet out / ~50 feet AGL Pull PCL to ~10% (Except on Hvywt/AOA Ldgs) NOTES: 1 - For No-Flap / TO Flaps / Ldg Flaps 2 - Landing Attitude for On-Speed Landing No Flap - Nose on Horizon TO Flaps - Top of NACWS Antenna on Horizon LDG Flaps - NACWS Antenna not quite to Horizon

2 Rasta – Mar 07 Overhead Patterns >140 KIAS “CS, Request Closed” Roll & Pull o Bank Horizon between feet Crosscheck ADI o Bank 200 Feet Prior PCL to Light in Handle Level Off / Roll Out Parallel to Runway Set Torque ~20% “CS, Closed Downwind” Check Track & Spacing Check Altitude Check Attitude Break Point Should still be above 140 Knots Watch for Perch Point Slowly Raise Nose & Trim ~125 KIAS, Set PCL to ~30 / 35 / 50% Note 1 “Check Handle Down, 3 Green, XX Flaps” “Roll, Power, Pitch” Roll into 30 o Bank PCL to ~11 / 13 / 15% Note 1 Pitch to 2/3 Ground - 1/3 Sky or (NF) 1/2 Ground - 1/2 Sky for Stabilize PCL at 11 / 13 / 15% Note 1 “Half Way Around Half Way Down” (Patt Alt – 400 ft) Aim for Rollout Point Check Altitude Pull Power to ~5% to begin decel to Final App Speed (FAS) Align Center of Windscreen with Center of Threshold Catch Final Approach Speed with PCL to Final Turn Torque + 5% (~16 / 18 / 20% Note 1 ) Ensure Runway is Clear Pick a Side of Runway Make Small PCL Adjustments “Aimpoint, Airspeed” “CS, Gear Down” (Abeam Landing Zone) “Below 150, Gear Clear” Lower Gear and Flaps Bunt Slightly as Flaps Lower Touchdown at FAS–20 Note 2 Cross Threshold at FAS–10 Roll ~60 o Bank PCL to Light in Handle Set Torque to ~10% ~1000 feet out / ~50 feet AGL Pull PCL to ~10% (Except on Hvywt/AOA Ldgs) NOTES: 1 - For No-Flap / TO Flaps / Ldg Flaps 2 - Landing Attitude for On-Speed Landing No Flap - Nose on Horizon TO Flaps - Top of NACWS Antenna on Horizon LDG Flaps - NACWS Antenna not quite to Horizon Bank can be reduced to ~45 o as airspeed reduces

3 Rasta – Mar 07 Break-Outs VFR Entry Point Rules Of Thumb: -If Configured, Climb Straight Ahead and Clean-Up (like a Go-Around) -Once Climbing and Clean, Turn away from Conflict -Call “Breaking Out” with Position to help avoid any conflicts with other Break Outs -Maneuver to Fly Perpendicular away from Runway -Maneuver to Fly over VFR Entry Point Parallel to and in Same Direction as Landing Runway

4 Rasta – Mar 07 Emergency Landing Patterns ELP Public Math First – Maintain Aircraft Control by “Turn-Climb-Clean” – Turn toward nearest runway, intercept 125 KIAS glide, and checking the PCL off (to minimize drag) if not providing usable torque. (NOTE: If visual with the runway and it is then at or below the middle of the windscreen, you possess sufficient altitude to glide to it – no need to do Math) Second – “Check” – Apply Engine Failure or other applicable BOLDFACE or critical procedures. Third – Second - Apply Math: Backwards Method -- Easiest Means to compare your energy state to a specific field. Example: Karnes County (1) Target Altitude for and Distance to Nearest Field?  NRST button. Tgt Alt =~300’+500’=800’ Tgt Alt = Fld Elev + 500’ for Straight-In ELP.Distance = 10 NM (2) Minimum No-Wind Glide Altitude Required? = Distance/2 + Target Altitude. 10/ ’ = 5800’ (3) High Enough to get there? Compare Aircraft MSL to No-Wind Glide Altitude Required. MSL > 5800’? (4) High Enough to get to Low/High Key? Compare Aircraft MSL to No-Wind Glide Altitude Required to Low/High Key Tgt Altitudes - Is Acft MSL > 1800’+ Distance/2? – or – Is Acft MSL > 3300’ + Distance /2? If at medium or high altitude, you may have time to further assess your options: Frontwards Method -- Easiest Means to compare your energy state to more than one field. (1) Max Glide Distance? AGL x 2. (2) Fields within Glide Distance? NRST Button -- Compare Max Glide Distance to actual distance. (3) Fields within Glide Distance to High/Low Key? Compare no-wind glide altitude required to aircraft AGL. (4) Determine most Suitable Field (e.g., runway length). Airspeed increasing (~125 KIAS), Ldg Flaps and continue descent to 1000’ short point If 120 KIAS 1000’ out, extend Ldg Flaps & intercept normal final approach path to threshold If slow on final (110 minimum A/S), extend Ldg Flaps approaching Round-Out to land Project Flightpath to 1000’ Short Approaching Low Key Check Spacing If High, Lower TO Flaps early Low Key Check 1500 ft TO Flaps (If low or doubtful, delay Flaps) “CS, Low Key, Gear Down” High Key Check 3000 ft “Below 150, Gear Clear” Lower Gear If Slow + delay configuring If Still Fast / High + Slip (Real World only) If High, extend down runway to lose half of excess Altitude “Check Handle Down, 3 Green” At Low Key altitude, Set PCL to ~20% Level off ~200 feet High Assumptions: ’ Runway (does NOT impact glide to Low Key for Landing Runway) - 5 o Glide Angle (negligible wind) KIAS / 11 o Climb Angle intercepted 1.0 NM from Brake Release at 300’ AGL - Return to Land Opposite Direction: Turn back to Rwy and correct for misalignment requires 800' loss of Altitude - Return to Low Key: 180 o Turn back to Rwy and decel to 125 KIAS Glide requires 300’ loss of Altitude ’ 2000’ 11 o Climb Angle 5 o Glide Angle Low Key NM from Departure End of Runway AGL 3000’ 4000’ 3 T-6 Return to Land ~3700’ AGL required to turn 180 o and return to Low Key Set o Bank 120 KIAS Minimum ~1000’ AGL or 180 KIAS required for Return to Land Climb from Dep Leg: MAX Torque Climb from Initial: 50% Torque Abeam Normal Break Point Set PCL to 4-6% 125 KIAS Glide to Low Key Norm ELP Glide (Approximate) ConfigKIASPitch Glide Clean o -5 o Gear o -6.5 o Gr/TO Fl120-5 o -7 o Gr/Ldg Fl o -10 o Best Range Glide* (Approximate) Config KIAS Pitch Glide Clean o -4.5 o Gear o -5.5 o Gr/TO Fl o -7 o Gr/Ldg Fl o -6.5 o - Green Arc / Amber Donut AOA * GREEN ARC (10-11 UNITS) BEST RANGE GLIDE (AMBER DONUT W/ GEAR DOWN) WHITE DIAMOND (8.8 UNITS) MAX ENDURANCE (POWER-ON) WHITE TRIANGLE (4.9 UNITS) MAX RANGE (POWER-ON) AOA GAGE If Fast, (1) Roll out of some bank to increase glide distance, (2) Raise nose momentarily to slow to 120 KIAS, (3) Re-establish flightpath to 1000’ Short at 120 KIAS. (Repeat as necessary)


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