Presentation on theme: "THE UNIVERSE Science 1º ESO – Unit 1 Bilingual Educational Project."— Presentation transcript:
1THE UNIVERSE Science 1º ESO – Unit 1 Bilingual Educational Project. I.E.S. “Luis de Góngora” (Córdoba); Dept. Biology and GeologyBilingual Educational Project.
2WHAT IS THE UNIVERSE?The answer is quite simple: The universe is the whole of everything that exists.In the universe we can distinguish two types of elements:“WHAT”? Matter and Energy“WHERE”? Space and Time
3CLUSTERS OF GALAXIESWe live in a cluster of galaxies called “LOCAL GROUP”
4GALAXIESA GALAXY is made up of gas, dust, and hundreds of thousands of millions of stars
5ELLIPTICAL SPIRAL IRREGULAR TYPES OF GALAXIES According to its shape, a galaxy can be…ELLIPTICALSPIRALIRREGULAR
10STARS, STARS, STARS…A star is a big ball of gas that emits its own lightIf you look at the sky, you can see hundreds of bright spots: They are the starsLook at them carefully! All of them seem to be very similar, but two characteristics can be used to distinguish them:COLOUR: It depends on the surface’s temperatureBRIGHTNESS: It depends on its distance and size
11CONSTELLATIONSA constellation is a group of stars that , when seen from Earth, seem to form a picture in the night sky.
13THE SOLAR SYSTEMThe solar system is the whole of celestial bodies that orbit around the sun:Planets:Rocky planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, MarsGaseous planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, NeptuneDwarf planets: Ceres, Pluto, ErisSatellites, like the MoonAsteroidsComets