Presentation on theme: "THE UNIVERSE Science 1º ESO – Unit 1 Bilingual Educational Project."— Presentation transcript:
1 THE UNIVERSE Science 1º ESO – Unit 1 Bilingual Educational Project. I.E.S. “Luis de Góngora” (Córdoba); Dept. Biology and GeologyBilingual Educational Project.
2 WHAT IS THE UNIVERSE?The answer is quite simple: The universe is the whole of everything that exists.In the universe we can distinguish two types of elements:“WHAT”? Matter and Energy“WHERE”? Space and Time
3 CLUSTERS OF GALAXIESWe live in a cluster of galaxies called “LOCAL GROUP”
4 GALAXIESA GALAXY is made up of gas, dust, and hundreds of thousands of millions of stars
5 ELLIPTICAL SPIRAL IRREGULAR TYPES OF GALAXIES According to its shape, a galaxy can be…ELLIPTICALSPIRALIRREGULAR
10 STARS, STARS, STARS…A star is a big ball of gas that emits its own lightIf you look at the sky, you can see hundreds of bright spots: They are the starsLook at them carefully! All of them seem to be very similar, but two characteristics can be used to distinguish them:COLOUR: It depends on the surface’s temperatureBRIGHTNESS: It depends on its distance and size
11 CONSTELLATIONSA constellation is a group of stars that , when seen from Earth, seem to form a picture in the night sky.
13 THE SOLAR SYSTEMThe solar system is the whole of celestial bodies that orbit around the sun:Planets:Rocky planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, MarsGaseous planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, NeptuneDwarf planets: Ceres, Pluto, ErisSatellites, like the MoonAsteroidsComets