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THE UNIVERSE Science 1º ESO – Unit 1 I.E.S. “Luis de Góngora” (Córdoba); Dept. Biology and Geology Bilingual Educational Project.

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Presentation on theme: "THE UNIVERSE Science 1º ESO – Unit 1 I.E.S. “Luis de Góngora” (Córdoba); Dept. Biology and Geology Bilingual Educational Project."— Presentation transcript:

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2 THE UNIVERSE Science 1º ESO – Unit 1 I.E.S. “Luis de Góngora” (Córdoba); Dept. Biology and Geology Bilingual Educational Project.

3 WHAT IS THE UNIVERSE? The answer is quite simple: The universe is the whole of everything that exists. The answer is quite simple: The universe is the whole of everything that exists. In the universe we can distinguish two types of elements: In the universe we can distinguish two types of elements: “WHAT”? Matter and Energy “WHAT”? Matter and Energy “WHERE”? Space and Time “WHERE”? Space and Time

4 CLUSTERS OF GALAXIES We live in a cluster of galaxies called “LOCAL GROUP” We live in a cluster of galaxies called “LOCAL GROUP”

5 GALAXIES A GALAXY is made up of gas, dust, and hundreds of thousands of millions of stars

6 TYPES OF GALAXIES According to its shape, a galaxy can be… According to its shape, a galaxy can be… ELLIPTICAL ELLIPTICAL SPIRAL SPIRAL IRREGULAR IRREGULAR

7 Elliptical galaxy M110

8 Spiral galaxy M101

9 Irregular galaxy M82

10 This is our galaxy: The MILKY WAY

11 STARS, STARS, STARS… A star is a big ball of gas that emits its own light A star is a big ball of gas that emits its own light If you look at the sky, you can see hundreds of bright spots: They are the stars If you look at the sky, you can see hundreds of bright spots: They are the stars Look at them carefully! All of them seem to be very similar, but two characteristics can be used to distinguish them: Look at them carefully! All of them seem to be very similar, but two characteristics can be used to distinguish them: COLOUR: It depends on the surface’s temperature COLOUR: It depends on the surface’s temperature BRIGHTNESS: It depends on its distance and size BRIGHTNESS: It depends on its distance and size

12 CONSTELLATIONS A constellation is a group of stars that, when seen from Earth, seem to form a picture in the night sky. A constellation is a group of stars that, when seen from Earth, seem to form a picture in the night sky.

13 This constellation is called ORION

14 THE SOLAR SYSTEM The solar system is the whole of celestial bodies that orbit around the sun: The solar system is the whole of celestial bodies that orbit around the sun: Planets: Planets: Rocky planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars Rocky planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars Gaseous planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune Gaseous planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune Dwarf planets: Ceres, Pluto, Eris Dwarf planets: Ceres, Pluto, Eris Satellites, like the Moon Satellites, like the Moon Asteroids Asteroids Comets Comets

15 THE SOLAR SYSTEM

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18 Asteroid Ida

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21 A photo of the night sky. If this place is on the southern hemisphere… Why are stars seen as lines? Which direction the west is in?

22 Zooming 26 orders of magnutide


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