Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

An Introduction to Old Garden Roses American Rose Society Program Services Committee.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "An Introduction to Old Garden Roses American Rose Society Program Services Committee."— Presentation transcript:

1 An Introduction to Old Garden Roses American Rose Society Program Services Committee

2 Photos & Text by Steve Jones © ARS 2005, Updated 2011

3 Old Garden Roses An Old Garden Rose is one that belongs to a class that existed before 1867, when the first Hybrid Tea, ‘La France’, was introduced

4 Major Old Garden Rose Classes Albas Bourbons Centifolias Damasks Hybrid Chinas Hybrid Gallicas Hybrid Perpetuals Hybrid multifloras Mosses Noisettes Portlands Species Teas

5 Lesser Known OGR Classes Ayrshires Boursaults Hulthemias Hybrid Bracteatas Hybrid Eglanterias Hybrid Foetidas Hybrid Sempervirens Hybrid Spinosissimas Hybrid Setigeras Misc. OGRs

6 Rose Classes Albas Centifolias Damasks Hybrid Gallicas Mosses Hybrid Chinas Teas Bourbons Portlands Hybrid Perpetuals Noisettes European Roses Hybrid Teas Modern Roses Oriental Roses

7 OGR “Stud” Roses Rosa canina Rosa gallica Rosa moschata Rosa phoenicia Rosa fedtschenkoana Autumn Damask Old Blush (Parsons Pink China) Slater’s Crimson China Parks’ Yellow Tea-Scented Rose Hume’s Blush Tea-Scented Rose European Stud RosesOriental Stud Roses

8 Species Known as "wild roses" Usually once-blooming Blooms usually single (5 petals); “plena” is the double form Blooms normally come in clusters Bushy plants that can range from 18 inches to over 20 feet Found only in Northern Hemisphere Most are winter hardy

9 Rosa spinosissima altaica

10 Rosa gallica versicolor

11 Other Species Rosa banksiae subspecies (Lady Banks) Rosa canina (Dog Rose) Rosa carolina Rosa gallica officinalis (Apothecary’s Rose) Rosa moschata (Musk Rose) Rosa multiflora Rosa roxburghii (Chestnut Rose) Rosa rugosa alba and rubra

12 European OGRs Albas Centifolias Damasks Hybrid Gallicas Mosses

13 Albas Alba means "white“ Once-blooming Upright, dense, tall plants over 6 feet tall Very winter hardy and disease resistant Characterized by soft blue-gray foliage and stems with sparse, uniform prickles Winter hardy

14 Konigin von Danemark

15 Alba Semi-Plena

16 Other Albas Alba Maxima Belle Amour Blush Hip Celestial Felicite Parmentier Great Maiden’s Blush Mme Plantier

17 Hybrid Gallicas Hybrid Gallicas are the oldest of the European Old Garden Roses Once-blooming, winter hardy Small, bushy plants, fine, soft prickles Foliage is rough and deep furrowed Terminal leaflet grows more outward or upward from the stem Known for their fragrance and brilliant colors, thus earning them the nickname “Mad Gallicas”

18 Cardinal de Richelieu

19 Complicata

20 Other Hybrid Gallicas Belle de Crecy Camaieux Duchesse d’Angouleme Duchess of Montebello Hippolyte La Belle Sultane Tuscany

21 Damasks Intense, heavy fragrance Colors mostly pink or white Medium sized plant up to 5 feet tall Canes have a "mixed bag" of prickles Foliage is matted and folded to form a “V” down the middle The terminal leaflet bends down. Has repeat and once blooming members Winter hardy

22 Leda

23 Autumn Damask

24 Other Damasks Celsiana Ispahan Mme Hardy La Ville de Bruxelles Marie Louise Mme Zoetmans York & Lancaster

25 Centifolias Centifolias are the “cabbage roses” Made famous in still life paintings by the Dutch masters Centifolia means “one hundred petals” Tall plants over 6 feet Once-blooming Foliage rough, matted Some dwarf varieties Winter hardy

26 Petite Lisette

27 Fantin Latour

28 Other Centifolias Blanchefleur Cabbage Rose Juno Paul Ricault Petite de Hollande Prolifera de Redoute Tour de Malakoff

29 Mosses Mosses are sports of Centifolias and Damasks Named for the mossy growth on the peduncles and sepals The "moss" releases a piney fragrance when rubbed between the fingers Most are once-bloomers, some repeat Rough foliage, up to 6 feet tall Winter hardy

30 Crested Moss

31 Quarte Saisons Blanc Mousseux

32 Other Mosses Alfred de Dalmas (Mousselline) Communis Capitaine John Ingram General Kleber Gloire des Mousseuses Henri Martin Mme Louis Leveque Salet

33 Oriental OGRs Hybrid Chinas Teas

34 Hybrid Chinas Repeat blooming Small plants from 18 inches to 3 feet Stems generally too weak to support the small, non fragrant blooms that usually come in clusters Generally blackspot resistant, gets mildew Red color in today’s roses came from Chinas Known for bloom color changes Not winter hardy

35 Archduke Charles - Fresh

36 Archduke Charles - Old

37 Green Rose

38 Leaves Reverting To Petals

39 Other Hybrid Chinas Cramoisi Superieur Ducher Hermosa Louis Philippe Mutabilis Old Blush Papa Hemeray Rouletti

40 Teas Small to medium sized plants to 5 feet Large blooms on weak stems which cause the bloom to "droop“ May have "Hybrid Tea" form Most have very full blooms Little fragrance Not winter hardy

41 Catherine Mermet

42 Duchesse de Brabant

43 Other Teas Bon Silene Devoniensis Maman Cochet Marie von Houtte Mrs. BR Cant Niles Cochet Rosette Delizy

44 “Modern” OGRs Crosses of European and Oriental Roses Mostly repeat blooming plants Forbearers of the Hybrid Tea Classes include: –Bourbons –Hybrid Perpetuals –Noisettes –Portlands

45 Bourbons A chance cross between Autumn Damask and a China rose A varied class, most are repeat blooming Plants grow 2 to 15 feet tall Fragrant, full, and often quartered blooms Some have cupped bloom form Most are not winter hardy

46 Souvenir de la Malmaison

47 Louise Odier

48 Other Bourbons Boule de Neige Leverson Gower Mme Isaac Pereire Mme Ernst Calvat Mme Pierre Oger Reine Victoria Variegata di Bologna Zephirine Drouhin

49 Portlands Came from Autumn Damask Small class, only 20 known to exist Small, repeat blooming plants to 4 feet Short peduncles, giving the appearance that the blooms "sit" in the foliage Blooms full and very fragrant Most were sterile Most are winter hardy

50 Rose de Rescht

51 Comte de Chambord

52 Other Portlands Duchess of Portland Indigo Joasine Hanet (Portland From Glendora) Marbree Marie de St. Jean Miranda Rose du Roi Yolande d’Aragon

53 Hybrid Perpetuals The most common Old Garden Rose class seen at rose shows Popular in the mid to late 1880's More than 4,000 varieties Repeat blooming, very full, fragrant blooms Plants over 6 feet, with slightly rough, dark foliage Colors mostly pinks and reds Most are winter hardy

54 Marchesa Boccella

55 Paul Neyron

56 Baronne Prevost

57 Other Hybrid Perpetuals Anna de Diesbach Baroness Rothschild Enfant de France General Jacqueminot Georg Arends La Reine Mrs. John Laing Mrs. R.G. Sharman-Crawford Paul’s Early Blush

58 Noisettes The only rose class that originated in the United States Created in 1811 by John Champneys from Charleston, South Carolina Large, repeat blooming, rambling plants up to 20 feet tall, with pliable canes Blooms are either in clusters or large individual blooms (when crossed with Teas) Most not fragrant, not winter hardy

59 Lamarque

60 Celine Forestier

61 Other Noisettes Aimee Vibert Alister Stella Gray Blush Noisette Champneys Pink Cluster Marechal Neil Mme Alfred Carriere Narrow Water Reve d’Or

62 Miscellaneous OGRs Fortuniana Fortune's Double Yellow R. macrantha Rose d'Orsay

63 Modern Roses Hybrid Teas were created from crosses of Hybrid Perpetuals and Teas Modern Roses are those classes that were created in 1867 and later –Hybrid Teas –Grandifloras –Large-flowered Climbers –Shrubs –Polyanthas –Floribundas –Miniatures –Minifloras

64 The End

Download ppt "An Introduction to Old Garden Roses American Rose Society Program Services Committee."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google