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Architectural History

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Presentation on theme: "Architectural History"— Presentation transcript:

1 Architectural History
Romanesque Architecture UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved. Trade & Industrial Education

2 Objectives Outline the background affecting the period.
Isolate elements associated with Romanesque architecture. Identify famous Romanesque buildings. Recognize key terms from Romanesque architecture. Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

3 Background Dark century in Europe
Political chaos Cultural decline Violence and terror Political climate gradually stabilized Rising economic conditions Social and political order Military strength Renewal of cities Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

4 Background New prosperity Plurality of kingdoms emerged
Cultural revival New spirit of religious enthusiasm Seemed as if the whole earth where putting on a mantle of white churches (Monk Raoul Glaber) Plurality of kingdoms emerged France England Burgandy Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

5 Early Romanesque - Germany
Architectural Features Antithetical tendencies Inventive vs. conservative Progressive vs. nostalgic Dome Lighting and Decoration Architectural Examples Minsert Cathedral Church of St. Gertrude St. Michael’s Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

6 © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)
Minsert Cathedral © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

7 Church of St. Gertrude, Nivelles
© Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

8 St. Michael’s at Hildesheim
© Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

9 Early Vaulted Romanesque - Burgundy
Architectural Features Stone Vaulting Architectural Examples Abbey Church of Cluny Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

10 Abbey Church of Cluny Architectural History: Romanesque Period
© 2003 Regents of the University of Minnesota Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

11 High Romanesque - France
Architectural Features Synthesis of northern and southern early Romanesque Square schematism Architectural Examples St. Etienne St. Serin St. Pierre Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

12 © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)
Saint Etienne, Nevers © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

13 Saint Serin, Tolouse Architectural History: Romanesque Period
© 2003 Regents of the University of Minnesota Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

14 Third Abbey Church, St Pierre at Cluny
© Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

15 Regional Romanesque – S. Italy
Architectural Features Exotic Derived from Byzantine Entangled with northern European traditions Fusion between Italian and Norman basilicas Architectural Examples Norman Cathedrals of Cefalu Norman Cathedrals of Monreale Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

16 Norman Cathedrals of Cefalu
© Mediterranean Studies Association (http://www.mediterraneanstudies.org/) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

17 Norman Cathedrals of Monreale
© Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

18 Regional Romanesque – N. Italy
Architectural Features Varied and complex Rib faults Architectural Examples St. Maria Maggiore St. Ambrogio Church of St. Michele Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

19 Saint Maria Maggiore, Lomello
© Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

20 © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)
Saint Ambrogio, Milan © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

21 Church of Saint Michele, Pavia
GNU Project Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

22 Regional Romanesque – Tuscany
Architectural Features Polished, elegant marble structures Florentine Pisan Architectural Examples Baptistery of St. Giovanni Church of St. Miniato Pisa Cathedral Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

23 Baptistery of Saint Giovanni
© Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

24 Church of Saint Miniato al Monte
© Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

25 © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)
Pisa Cathedral © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

26 High and Late Romanesque
Related Regions Germany Normandy and England Architectural Examples Speyer Cathedral St. Entienne Durham Cathedral Ely Cathedral Gloucester Cathedral Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

27 © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)
Speyer Cathedral © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

28 © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)
Saint Entienne, Caen © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

29 © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)
Durham Cathedral © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

30 © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)
Ely Cathedral © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

31 © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)
Gloucester Cathedral © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it) Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.

32 Vocabulary Review Calotte Cell Chancel Chevet Cloister vault Crocket
Crossing Dwarf gallery Fuller Gallery Groin Lancet window Oculus Pinnacle Responds Saucer dome Skeleton construction String course Tracery Tribune Architectural History: Romanesque Period UNT in Partnership with TEA. Copyright ©. All Rights Reserved.


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