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By: Seemani Dash. Our focus question:  star: a huge ball of very hot, burning gas that gives off energy  ellipse: a shape like an oval  satellite.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Seemani Dash. Our focus question:  star: a huge ball of very hot, burning gas that gives off energy  ellipse: a shape like an oval  satellite."— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Seemani Dash

2 Our focus question:

3  star: a huge ball of very hot, burning gas that gives off energy  ellipse: a shape like an oval  satellite : an object that orbits another object in space

4  The Sun  Eight planets  Dwarf planets  Moons  Asteroids  Comets

5  An average sized star made mostly of hydrogen and helium  The central and largest body in our solar system  Takes up almost 99% of the mass in our solar system  Very hot with no solid surfaces  Has three layers: the photosphere, the chromosphere, and the corona  Has three special things: sunspots, prominences, and solar flares

6 SpecialDescription Sunspot o Dark spots on the Sun that occur since they are not so hot like the rest of the Sun Prominence o A eruption that looks like a ribbon of glowing gases o When it starts, it goes away after a few days or months Solar Flare o a bright spot on the Sun o similar to volcanoes on Earth o usually last for only minutes or sometimes hours o gives off a lot of energy

7  a large, round object that revolves around a star  cooler and smaller than stars  shine because the light of the star reflects off the planet’s surface  stay in their elliptical orbit around the star because of gravity  eight known planets in solar system

8  the four planets closest to the Sun  the four smallest planets The Names of the Inner Planets Mercury Venus Earth Mars

9  1 st planet from the Sun  has no moons  has thousands of craters  almost no atmosphere  very hot at day  freezing cold at night Average distance from Sun35,983,000 miles Diameter3,032 miles Length of one day in Earth time59 days Length of one year in Earth time88 days Average surface temperature243 degrees (F)

10 Average distance from Sun67,200,000 miles Diameter7,521 miles Length of one day in Earth time243 days Length of one year in Earth time225 days Average surface temperature867 degrees (F) 2 nd planet from the Sun about the same size as Earth rotates in the opposite direction than the other planets has an atmosphere of thick, poisonous, and swirling clouds Sun reflects off clouds, so the planet is one of the brightest objects in the sky

11  3 rd planet from the Sun  only planet with liquid water  atmosphere supports life  largest rocky planet in the solar system  one moon that has many craters Average distance from Sun93,000,000 miles Diameter7,926 miles Length of one day in Earth time24 hours Length of one year in Earth time365 days Average surface temperature59 degrees (F)

12  4 th planet from the Sun  has two deeply cratered moons  sometimes called the “Red Planet” because of soil that contains iron oxide  dust storms occur  has polar ice caps  many volcanoes  many probes landed on this planet Average distance from Sun141,600,000 miles Diameter4,222 miles Length of one day in Earth time25 hours Length of one year in Earth time686 days Average surface temperature-85 degrees (F)

13  the four planets farthest from the Sun  the four largest planets The “Gas Giants”, and the planets with rings Name of the Planets Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune

14  5 th planet from the Sun  largest planet in the solar system  atmosphere made mostly of hydrogen and helium  at least 63 moons  has a large storm called the great red spot Average distance from Sun484,000,000 miles Diameter88,846 miles Length of one day in Earth’s time10 hours Length of one year in Earth’s time12 years Average surface temperature- 234 degrees (F)

15  6 th planet from the Sun  has a low mass  has visible rings made of ice, dust, and rock  at least 47 moons Average distance from Sun885,900,000 miles Diameter74,897 miles Length of one day in Earth’s time11 hours Length of one year in Earth’s time29.4 years Average surface temperature- 288 degrees (F)

16  7 th planet from the Sun  atmosphere consists of hydrogen, helium, and methane  methane can become a liquid and makes a cloud that gives the planet a bluish color  at least 27 moons  rotates on its side Average distance from the Sun1,784,000,000 miles Diameter31,763 miles Length of one day in Earth’s time17 hours Length of one year in Earth’s time84 years Average surface temperature- 357 degrees (F)

17  8 th planet in the solar system  smallest of the gas giants  has one huge storm called the “Great Dark Spot”  at least 13 moons Average distance from Sun2,795,000,000 miles Diameter30,775 miles Length of one day in Earth’s time16 hours Length of one year in Earth’s time165 years Average surface temperature- 353 degrees (F)

18  rocky object up to hundreds of kilometers long  sometimes called minor planets  most are found in between Mars and Jupiter, in the asteroid belt  some asteroids have smaller asteroids orbiting the bigger ones This is Eros. This is Ida Examples

19  frozen mass of different kinds of ice and dust  much smaller than planets  have two tails, outward moving particles from the Sun always push tails in a direction away from the Sun This is a close look at a comet.

20  it is a small, ball shaped or round object that revolves around the Sun  Pluto, Eris, and Ceres are all dwarf planets  Pluto orbits the Sun in a tilted ellipse Pluto Eris Ceres

21  5 th grade science book

22 I hope this helped you!


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