Distance from the Earth: 92,955,820 miles. Length of Day: 609 hours 7 minutes Surface Temperature: 10.000 *F Gravity: 28 times Earth’s Can hold 109 planet earths across its surface. Accounts for 99.8% total mass in the solar system. Play to hear a song about the sun.
Distance from Sun: 35,983,095 miles Length of Year: 88 days Length of Day: 1,407 hours, 30 minutes Min/Max Temp: 279*F to 801*F No protective atmosphere around the planet. One of the smallest planets, yet 2 nd most dense. 1 st Planet Rocky Planet Inner Solar System
Distance from Sun: 67,237,910 miles Length of Year: 225 days Length of Day: 5,832 hours Average Temperature: 864*F Atmosphere made up of sulfuric acid. Rot ates opposite of Earth. Pressure like you were under water ½ miles. 2nd Planet Rocky Planet Inner Solar System
Distance from Sun: 92,955,820 miles Length of Year: 365 days, 6 hours, 16 minutes Length of Day: 23 hours, 56 minutes Min/Max Temp: -126*F to 136*F Only planet know to have life. Atmosphere made of 77% nitrogen & 21% oxygen. Only planet that has total solar eclipses. 3 rd Planet Rocky Planet Inner Solar System
Distance from Sun: 141,633,260 miles Length of Year: 687 days Length of Day: 24 hours, 37 minutes Min/Max Temp: -125*F to 23*F Most liked to look at through a telescope. Used to have believed aliens to live on Mars. Storms can create clouds of dust that can hid most of the planets surface from our view. 4 th Planet Rocky Planet Inner Solar System
Distance from Sun: 483,682,810 miles Length of Year: 4,331 days Length of Day: 9 hours, 56 minutes Average Temperature: -234*F Largest planet in size and mass. First of the gas planets: made up of hydrogen and helium. Largest number of moons. 5 th Planet Gas Giant Outer Solar System
Distance from Sun: 885,904,700 miles Length of Year: 10,759 days Length of Day: 10 hours, 39 minutes Average Temperature: -288*F 2 nd largest planet. So light it would float in water. Rings made up of countless pieces of ice and rock. 6 th Planet Gas Giant Outer Solar System
Distance from Sun: 1,783,939,400 miles Length of Year: 30,687 days Length of Day: 17 hours, 15 minutes Average Temperature: -357*F Gas planet with outer layer of methane. Planet is tilted on its side Winds that move at several hundred miles per hour. 7 th Planet Gas Giant Outer Solar System
Distance from Sun: 2,795,084,800 miles Length of Year: 60,190 days Length of Day: 16 hours, 7 minutes Average Temperature: -353*F Rotates at a very fast speed. One moon has geysers that erupt nitrogen from deep within. Cold on the outside, hot inside. It gives off more heat that it receives from the sun. 8 th Planet Gas Giant Outer Solar System
Pluto Eris Ceres What is a Dwarf planet? * A celestial body orbiting the sun. * Massive enough to be round from its own gravity. * Has not cleared its neighboring region. * Is not a satellite. Their may be as many as 42 Dwarf Planets in our Solar System.
For your student assignment you will work in groups. Your group will choose somewhere in the solar system you want to visit (one planet per group). You will create a glog on that planet. You need to include on your glog page: Physical Features, Ability to support life, Flight and Recommendations.
Physical Features: *Weather *Atmosphere *Moons *Length of days & years *Resources Ability to support life: *What is needed for survival *How you propose to compensate for conditions that are not suitable for sustaining life. *Diagram of space station or base. Flight: *A chart of your planet and earth’s orbits *Where the earth needs to be in its orbit at launch in order to make the trip successful. *Where the destination planet needs to be in its orbit upon your arrival Recommendation: *For or against the trip. Summary of why or why not.
Astronomy for Kids: Info on planets. Astronomy for Kids The Planets and Dwarf Planets: Info on planets. The Planets and Dwarf Planets All about Astronomy: Graphs and charts on planets. All about Astronomy Views of the Solar System: Wonderful pictures and info. Views of the Solar System National Geographic (Solar System): Interactive map and info. National Geographic (Solar System) NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory: Games & Info. NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Science Benchmark The solar system consists of planets, moons, and other smaller objects including asteroids and comets that orbit the sun. Planets in the solar system differ in terms of their distance from the sun, number of moons, size, composition, and ability to sustain life. Every object exerts gravitational force on every other object depending on the mass of the objects and the distance between them. The sun's gravitational pull holds Earth and other planets in orbit. Earth's gravitational force holds the moon in orbit. The sun is one of billions of stars in the Milky Way galaxy, that is one of billions of galaxies in the universe. Scientists use a variety of tools to investigate the nature of stars, galaxies, and the universe. Historically, cultures have observed objects in the sky and understood and used them in various ways. Standard 3 Students will understand the relationship and attributes of objects in the solar system. Objective 1 Describe and compare the components of the solar system. a. Identify the planets in the solar system by name and relative location from the sun. b. Using references, compare the physical properties of the planets (e.g., size, solid or gaseous).
Exploring the Solar System. Science NetLinks. http://www.sciencenetlinks.com/lessons.php?DocID=165 6/22/2011 http://www.sciencenetlinks.com/lessons.php?DocID=165