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Presentation on theme: "WORLD GEOGRAPHY UNIT 6 RUSSIA & THE REPUBLICS. PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY—East Russia Seismic — related to earthquakes."— Presentation transcript:


2 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY—East Russia Seismic — related to earthquakes

3 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY—North Russia alluvial-soil depositrich soil made up of sand and mud deposited rich soil, such as the Indo- Gangetic Plain in South Asia. Delta-triangular section of land built up at a river's mouth that looks like the Greek letter delta The permanently frozen _____ lies beneath much of northern Russia.Permafrost The frigid _____ stretches along Russia's northern boundary.Tundra The ocean that is north of Russia is called the _____.Arctic

4 WESTERN & CENTRAL RUSSIA Many varieties of grasses grow in the _____ climate region.Steppe The rich _____ soil of the North European Plain supports the production of grains. Chernozem The mountains that form a natural dividing line between European Russia and Asian Russia are the _____.Ural Mountains Russia's two main plains are: _____ and _____.North European Plain and West Siberian Plain

5 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY—South Russia wadiin the desert, a streambed that is dry except during a heavy rain oasissmall area in a desert where water and vegetation are found, usually because of underground springs

6 ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY OF RUSSIA phosphatenatural mineral containing chemical compounds often used in fertilizers The Volga River provides western Russia with _____. hydroelectric power cerealany grain, such as barley, oats, or wheat, grown for food. The Volga River is so important to the people of Russia because it provides _____, _____, _____, and _____. hydroelectric power, trade, transportation, and agriculture Russia's major natural resources are: _____, _____, _____, _____, _____, and _____.minerals, natural gas, oil, coal, fish, and forests Railroads and _____ provide most of Russian's transportation needs.Waterways

7 RUSSIA & THE REPBULICS -- INTRO The main characteristics of Russia's seasons are: _____ and _____.long, cold winters and short, cool summers The four climate regions in Russia are: _____, _____, _____, and _____.tundra, subarctic, humid continental, and steppe The climate region that dominates Russia is _____.Subarctic The kinds of vegetation that are found in each of Russia's climate regions are: _____; _____; _____; and _____.tundra (dwarf shrubs, mosses, lichens, algae); subarctic (forests); humid continental (mixed coniferous-deciduous forests); and steppe (grasslands)

8 HISTORY OF RUSSIA The princes and czars changed Russia's territory by expanding the territory of Russia to include many different _____.Populations A peasant worker who farmed a plot of land that was owned by someone else was called a _____.Serf A person who was part of the revolutionary group led by Lenin was called a _____.Bolshevik A _____ ruled Russia at the time of the Russian Revolution.Czar The major goals and events of the Soviet era were: _____ and _____.goals (expansion, influences of the world, and power); events (World War II, Cold War, wanting more satellites, and nuclear weapons) The Soviet Union did not develop new _____ industries, and its economy suffered.high-technology

9 HISTORY OF RUSSIA (PART 2) The Soviet Union's intellectual elite was called the _____. Intelligentsia The Russian term for restructuring is _____.Perestroika The Russian term for political openness is _____. Glasnost Major economic and social reforms were begun in 1985 by _____, who made the economy more market-oriented. Gorbachev _____ began the privatization of state-owned businesses, permitting individuals to own companies.Yeltsin Education and health care has changed since the Soviet Union breakup because of the _____, _____, and _____. quality of the education, low income for doctors, nurses and teachers, and inefficient clinics and hospitals

10 THE ECONOMIC HISTORY OF RUSSIA Foreign _____ and wealthy Russians bought companies, but most workers did not benefit from these changes.Investors Between 1900 and 1995, the value of goods and services produced in Russian _____ by 50 percent.Fell Russian farmers cannot afford to buy the land they farm, so agriculture's transition to a _____ economy has been slow. Market

11 HISTORICAL CULTURE OF RUSSIA The _____ is the head of the Russian Orthodox Church. Patriarch religious symbol is called an _____.Icon A_____ is the belief that there is no God or a Supreme Being.Atheism

12 THE CULTURE OF RUSSIA The ethnic group that forms the majority in Russia is the _____.Russians Most of Russia's people live in _____.European Russia The major religions that are found in Russia are: _____, _____, _____, and _____.Eastern Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism

13 THE ECONOMIC CULTURE OF RUSSIA Among the many economic challenges Russia now faces are expanding trade, increasing food production, and providing more _____.Jobs Soviet planners emphasized machinery production and other heavy _____.Industries The extraction of _____ is Russia's most important industry.Petroleum Improvements in Russia's _____ systems help the transition to a market economy. Communications About 42 percent of Russia's international trade is the export of energy and _____.fuels

14 RUSSIAN CULTURE pastoralismthe raising and grazing of livestock

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