Presentation on theme: "50 YEARS AFTER SPUTNIK The beginning of the Space Age F.P. Israel, Sterrewacht Leiden."— Presentation transcript:
50 YEARS AFTER SPUTNIK The beginning of the Space Age F.P. Israel, Sterrewacht Leiden
Out of the blue :28:34 UT Friday October 4, 1957
... one can imagine the consternation and admiration that would be felt here if the United States were to discover suddenly that some other nation had already put up a succesful satellite. Jimmy Lipp Project RAND, 1947 Despite Early Warning....
Wernher von Braun 1950's space visionary Medaris. Toftoy & Disney
Spy Balloons... WS 119, WS 46
Spy Planes... Secret U-2 Land Killian Bissell
Spy Satellites! WS
CIA & USAF Atlas Thor
Navy, Army & Air Force at each other's throats... Hagen (NRL) Vanguard - IGY Schriever (USAF) Medaris (ABMA)
ABMA Trump Card in 1956: Jupiter-C
Meanwhile, back in the USSR... Korolev, Kurchatov, Keldysh Glushko, Sedov 1956
Brilliant improviation: PS-1 October 4, 1957
More improvisation: PS-2 Laika November 3, 1957
Catastrophe at Cape Canaveral December 6, 1957
Explorer 1, January 31, 1958 Rehabilitation in 84 days...
1960: succes Discoverer 13 Discoverer 14 But few are in the know....
Resolution: 12 m Total coverage
It was as if an enormous floodlight had been turned on in a darkened warehouse CIA Deputy Director Wheelon, tonight we know how many missiles the enemy has and, it turned out, our guesses were way off. We were doing things we didn't need to do. We were building things we didn't need to build. We were harbouring fears we didn't need to harbour. President Johnson, March 16, 1967