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HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 6 THE SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Section 1: The Age of Invention Section.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 6 THE SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Section 1: The Age of Invention Section."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 6 THE SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Section 1: The Age of Invention Section 2: The Rise of Big Business Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 2 Objectives: How did the ____________ of steel and oil ____________ affect U.S. industry? How did the ____________ of steel and oil ____________ affect U.S. industry? What ____________ were made in transportation? What ____________ were made in transportation? How did ____________ in communications ____________ change ____________ practices and daily life in the United States? How did ____________ in communications ____________ change ____________ practices and daily life in the United States? How did Thomas ____________ research ____________ change American life? How did Thomas ____________ research ____________ change American life? Section 1: The Age of Invention

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 3 Oil refining resulted in the ____________ of ____________ for fuel and light resulted in the ____________ of ____________ for fuel and light ____________ the manufacturing of other ____________ products ____________ the manufacturing of other ____________ products helped ____________ operate helped ____________ operate Section 1: The Age of Invention

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 4 Steel refining provided a strong, ____________ source of building ____________ provided a strong, ____________ source of building ____________ allowed ____________ of the railroad ____________ allowed ____________ of the railroad ____________ allowed ____________ of more complex ____________ and taller buildings allowed ____________ of more complex ____________ and taller buildings Section 1: The Age of Invention

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 5 Transportation innovations ____________ promoted ____________ settlement, urban ____________, and economic ____________. ____________ promoted ____________ settlement, urban ____________, and economic ____________. ____________ became a substantial ____________. ____________ became a substantial ____________. ____________ introduced new ____________. ____________ introduced new ____________. Section 1: The Age of Invention

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 6 Communications innovations The ____________ allowed ____________ to place ____________ orders quickly. The ____________ allowed ____________ to place ____________ orders quickly. The ____________ brought both ____________ and individuals ____________. The ____________ brought both ____________ and individuals ____________. The ____________ allowed the quick ____________ of legible ____________. The ____________ allowed the quick ____________ of legible ____________. Section 1: The Age of Invention

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 7 Thomas Edison’s research laboratory the light ____________ the light ____________ the ____________ the ____________ early ____________ camera early ____________ camera Section 1: The Age of Invention

8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 8 Objectives: What arguments did ____________ leaders and social critics make about the role of ____________ in business? What arguments did ____________ leaders and social critics make about the role of ____________ in business? How did ____________ strategies change during the Second ____________ Revolution? How did ____________ strategies change during the Second ____________ Revolution? How did entrepreneurs take ____________ of changes in business organization? How did entrepreneurs take ____________ of changes in business organization? How did new methods of ____________ products change American life? How did new methods of ____________ products change American life? Section 2: The Rise of Big Business

9 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 9 Concerning government’s role in business Business leaders: Business leaders: Individuals should be ____________. Individuals should be ____________. Businesses prosper most ____________ government ____________. Businesses prosper most ____________ government ____________. Government ____________ reduces ____________. Government ____________ reduces ____________. Social critics: Social critics: ____________ life and poor working ____________ harm workers. ____________ life and poor working ____________ harm workers. All ____________ should own all means of ____________. All ____________ should own all means of ____________. Government ____________ would prevent the best ____________ from ____________ to the top. Government ____________ would prevent the best ____________ from ____________ to the top. Section 2: The Rise of Big Business

10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 10 New business strategies ____________ ____________ vertical ____________ vertical ____________ horizontal ____________ horizontal ____________ technological ____________ technological ____________ Section 2: The Rise of Big Business

11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 11 Entrepreneurs take advantage Carnegie created ____________ and used vertical integration to ____________ the steel industry. Carnegie created ____________ and used vertical integration to ____________ the steel industry. ____________ created corporations and used ____________ integration to ____________ the oil industry. ____________ created corporations and used ____________ integration to ____________ the oil industry. ____________ bought and ____________ many railroad ____________. ____________ bought and ____________ many railroad ____________. ____________ and ____________ introduced and controlled new ____________ technologies. ____________ and ____________ introduced and controlled new ____________ technologies. Section 2: The Rise of Big Business

12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 12 New marketing methods use of ____________ names and ____________ packaging use of ____________ names and ____________ packaging advertising advertising ____________ stores ____________ stores catalogs catalogs ____________ stores ____________ stores Section 2: The Rise of Big Business

13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 13 Objectives: Why did some ____________ want trusts to be banned, and how did the ____________ respond? Why did some ____________ want trusts to be banned, and how did the ____________ respond? What types of ____________ conditions did laborers face in the new age of rapid ____________ ? What types of ____________ conditions did laborers face in the new age of rapid ____________ ? How did the ____________ of ____________ attempt to address the needs of many workers? How did the ____________ of ____________ attempt to address the needs of many workers? How did ____________ react to ____________ in the late 1800s, and how did this affect unions? How did ____________ react to ____________ in the late 1800s, and how did this affect unions? Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 14 The banning of trusts ____________ because of belief that without ____________, large ____________ would have no reason to ____________ quality or keep prices low ____________ because of belief that without ____________, large ____________ would have no reason to ____________ quality or keep prices low not ____________ despite passage of the ____________ Antitrust ____________ not ____________ despite passage of the ____________ Antitrust ____________ Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 15 Working conditions low ____________ low ____________ long ____________ long ____________ ____________ environments ____________ environments possibility of ____________ discrimination possibility of ____________ discrimination Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize

16 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 16 The Knights of Labor included both ____________ and ____________ workers included both ____________ and ____________ workers included ____________ and, later, ____________ Americans included ____________ and, later, ____________ Americans organized ____________, ____________, and ____________ organized ____________, ____________, and ____________ ____________ and organized ____________ ____________ and organized ____________ Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize

17 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 17 Strikes in the late 1800s Businesses responded with ____________, ____________ contracts, ____________, and ____________. Businesses responded with ____________, ____________ contracts, ____________, and ____________. Business tactics hurt many ____________ and caused skilled ____________ to break away from ____________ ones. Business tactics hurt many ____________ and caused skilled ____________ to break away from ____________ ones. Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize


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