Presentation on theme: "Essays and Reports A guide. Types of Scientific Writing b Factual account of accepted knowledge Textbooks, many student essays b Reporting what has."— Presentation transcript:
Essays and Reports A guide
Types of Scientific Writing b Factual account of accepted knowledge Textbooks, many student essays b Reporting what has been found Lab reports, research papers b Arguing a point of view interpreting data making a case
Types of writing b Essays Extended piece of writing on a single theme Is in the form of continuous text In the form of introduction, main section, conclusion b Report Account of findings from an activity or project (e.g. lab report) Usually divided into sections by headings May contain recommendations for action written in a concise style
Guidelines for writing b Read the given title carefully b Be sure you are clear what is being asked b Gather your information Keep notes of sources and information b Produce an outline plan b Write a draft - this need not be too neat b Read through your draft and make changes as needed b Submit when you are satisfied
Look at the title b The words used in the title give a clue to what is needed b A factual account will contain words like describe, explain, Illustrate in the title. b An essay want a case making will contain words like discuss, evaluate, analyse. b Sometimes comparisons are wanted; e.g. compare, contrast, distinguish.
Gathering information b Try always to base your answers on more than one source of information. b As you read, make notes. b Keep a record of your sources. b Ensure you know how to reference properly Look at the DISSC website (http://dissc.tees.ac.uk/mainmenu.html)
Plagiarism b Plagiarism is passing someone else’s work off as your own. It is cheating and is taken seriously. b Strategies to avoid plagiarism Keep notes as you read - in your own words - and use these to construct your answers. Keep a notebook with you for this purpose. Avoid printing or photocopying your source material if at all possible Always make reference to your sources If you must use the words of your source make it obvious you are quoting and state your source Quote sparingly.
Planning b A plan is an outline of your answer b It should show the shape of your answer without giving detail b It can be in the form of headings and sub headings or as a diagram
Sample plan 1 b Title b Introduction b Main argument evidence for evidence against evaluation of evidence b Other issues b Conclusion
Sample plan 2
Writing up b Start with a draft It does not have to be Neat Legible to anyone but you b Use a word processor Making changes is much easier b Remember to reference properly
For more help & Info b DISSC You may also visit DISSC in the LRC b These notes may be found on my website Select Learning Skills from the main menu.