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Historical landscape structures as an important part of rural tourism developement Renáta Cihlárová Technical university of Zvolen Faculty of ecology and.

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Presentation on theme: "Historical landscape structures as an important part of rural tourism developement Renáta Cihlárová Technical university of Zvolen Faculty of ecology and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Historical landscape structures as an important part of rural tourism developement Renáta Cihlárová Technical university of Zvolen Faculty of ecology and environmental sciences Department of landscape planning and design

2 Natural characteristicsAnthropic activity HARMONIC LANDSCAPE – atractivness for tourists “Landscape” means an area, as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors /European landscape convention, Florence, 2000/

3 BUCOVINA LANDSCAPE

4 What are historical landscape structures?  part of every landscape  cultural heritage  remnants of the history /more than 50 years/  legible as dominants or hidden elements of land structure

5 Historical agristructures  Related to primary landscape structures anthroporelief /terraces/  Related to secondary landscape structures =shapes and arrangement of landscape cover - /cropfields, pastures, dwelling/  Related to terciary landscape structures - socio-economical relations /trees, stones as a boundaries elements /

6 WHAT IS TYPICAL ? WHAT IS SPECIFIC ? – NON REPETETIVE CHARACTERISTIC LANDSCAPE APPEARANCE = atractivness for tourists EUROPEAN LANDSCAPE CONVENTION Florence 2000, Slovakia 2005 Acknowledging that the quality and diversity of European landscapes constitute a common resource, and that it is important to co-operate towards its protection, management and planning

7 Identification of interests areas Criterias : - dispersed settlements -presence of historical agristructures -montanious and submontanious areas

8 Panoráma č.1 Stanovište: Orná pôda pod lomom Dátum: Aspekt: Jesenný Smer pohľadu: S-V, Uhol pohľadu: Panoráma č.2 Stanovište: Orná pôda pod lomom Dátum: Aspekt: Jesenný Smer pohľadu: S-V, Uhol pohľadu: Panoráma č.3 Stanovište: Detva sídlisko Aspekt: Jesenný Smer pohľadu: J-Z-S, Uhol pohľadu:

9 Aerial prospection

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11 Agrarian terraces in Petercova locality

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13 Agrostructures types related to the landscape type isolated linear type in wooden land fragmented different shaped in agricultural land compact linear type in agricultural land

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15 REPRESENTATIVE patterns unique features - characteristic landscape appearance combination of natural conditions, socio-economic and geopolitic factors Arrangement of agristructures, disperesed settlements and non-forest wooden species = patches – create landscape patterns WHAT IS VALUABLE ?

16 plated forms with perimeter of non-forest wooden speciies Biele Karpaty linear terraces, on the higher slope, specific in woodland / but dissapearing/ Ostrôžky Polygonal landscape patterns around settlements Kysuce UNIQUENESS landscape patterns – rate of landscape arrangement – characteristic landscape apperance

17 A –maintenaned structures occurence of anthropic activity, no succesion B – maintenaned modified structures anthropic activity regression, structures are still well legible, occurence of succesion species < 25% / Prunus spinosa, Rosa sp., Juniperus communis C – modified structres anthropic activity for no longer time, legibility is dissapearing, succesion species > 25% Corylus avellana Identification of current status – level of maintenance

18 Pm² Stupeň sukcesiedifúzny centrálny zárastokrajový zárastiné prvky P Quercus robur, Salix caprea, Rosa canina, Betula pendula Rosa canina, Rubus sp., Corylus avellana lúčny sad - Prunus sp., Malus domestica P Rubus sp., Corylus avellana, Prunus avium, Rosa caninaCorylus avellana, Svida sanguinea, P Rubus sp., Rosa canina, Salix caprea, Acer pseudoplatanus, Fraxinus excelsior Acer pseudoplatanus, Fraxinus excelsior P Rubus sp., Rosa canina, Corylus avellanaCorylus avellana P Sambucus nigra Corylus avellana,Rubus sp., Svida sanguinea, P Fraxinus excelsior Rubus sp., Corylus avellana, Svida sanguinea, P Corylus avellana,Rubus sp., Svida sanguinea, P Crataegus laevigata, Sambucus nigra, Svida sanguinea, Ligustrum vulgare, Corylus avellana, Rubus sp. lúčny sad - Prunus avium, Malus domestica, Pyrus communis P Betula pendula, Acer pseudoplatanus Fagus sylvatica, Acer pseudoplatanus, Corylus avellana, Betula pendula, solitéry- Quercus petraea, Pyrus communis a Prunus avium P Quercus petraea, Fagus sylvatica P Rubus sp. Rubus sp., Corylus avellana, Ligustrum vulgare, determination of significant species

19 Combination of historic agrostructures types and level of maintenance Most representative: linear historic agristructures in agricultural land type, in the level of maintenace B / regression of human activity, presence of legibilty and succesion under 25 %/ = threatened structures

20 Statistics with other landcape attributes Relief dissection AspectSlope Distance from settlement

21 Map of regulations CRITERIAS of preserving/maintenance areas The most valuable patches in characteristic landscape appearance = attractive for tourists Economical factor o level of maintenance /level C is not considered to be managed, because of an amount of energy imported / o distance from the settlement / more remoted structures are more difficult to maintenain/

22 Touristic paths and trails across the most valuable historical landscape with panoramatic views 7

23 WHAT? WHERE? WHY? HOW? National rural development programme / / – supplies for farmers in areas with disadvantaged coditions According to European landscape convention /Florence 2000, Slovakia 2005/ protection of characteristic landscape features In slovak laws – protection and maintenance of significant landscape elements, landscape appearance and scenery, characteristic views, panoramas.....but no obligation to make case studies Agrotourism development – cooperation with stakeholders and landowners National landscape revitalisation programme of integrated river basins managment /2011/ - Importance of retaining, storing and draining abilities of historical agrostructures

24 Thank you for your attention!


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