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America’s Religious Roots: The Foundations of our Early Religious & Cultural History II.II.I. What are the beginnings & primary beliefs of Judaism, Christianity.

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Presentation on theme: "America’s Religious Roots: The Foundations of our Early Religious & Cultural History II.II.I. What are the beginnings & primary beliefs of Judaism, Christianity."— Presentation transcript:

1 America’s Religious Roots: The Foundations of our Early Religious & Cultural History II.II.I. What are the beginnings & primary beliefs of Judaism, Christianity & Islam? II.II.II. In what ways do these three beliefs compare & contrast?

2 America’s Religious Roots: Homework Homework & Announcements Read the introduction and primary document’s “Maryland Toleration Act” and/or “A Model of Christian Charity” (available in the appendix) when finished complete the questions for review that follow. Be prepared to discuss the content and questions with your peers.

3  1. Why was the Maryland Toleration Act significant (or important)?  2. Who (or which religious group) passed the Toleration Act in Maryland?  3. Why was the Toleration Act passed in Maryland?  4. What did the Maryland Act of Toleration prohibit (or attempt to stop)?  a.  b.  c.  d.  e.  5. What is the meaning (significance or long term consequences) of the Maryland Toleration Act? Reading Assessment Maryland Toleration Act

4  1. Why did the Puritans leave England?  2. Who wrote “A Model of Christian Charity” and why?  3. Where did the Puritans emigrate (move to) in the Americas?  4. Why did Winthrop think that the Puritans were a special people? And why did he believe that they had to be especially careful in their new endeavor?  5. How might the Puritans creation and interpretation of a covenant have affected the relationships between church and state and people? Reading Assessment: A Model of Christian Charity

5 America’s Roots: The Foundations of Our Early Religious & Cultural History SR II What role has religion played in creating our collective story- our history? Native Americans were deeply religious in the pre-discovered North American continent. The Puritans were the first of many groups searching for Religious freedom to come to the Americas; others included Catholics, Amish, Jews, Lutherans, Mennonites, and Huguenots. America was born in the middle of Religious Revolutions in Europe. The single most powerful influence in America during the 17 th, 18 th and 19 th centuries was RELIGION

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7 America’s Religious Roots: The Foundations of our Early Religious & Cultural History II.II.I. What are the beginnings & primary beliefs of Judaism, Christianity & Islam? II.II.II. In what ways do these three beliefs compare & contrast?

8  Assessment  i.At the end of this unit, you should be prepared to answer the essay questions available within the Religion in American History online exam and in the listening guide (The response should be legible, grammatically correct, and answered in full- approximately 150 words).  a) What role has Religion and Religious conflict played in the development of American History?  b) There will be a UCUTIPS exam covering the role of Religion in American History Unit Assessment

9 What Motivates you? Christopher Columbus was a religious man whose beliefs were part of his thoughts and actions. Throughout his journals and letters, we find him constantly in prayer, using the names of Christ, Mary and the Saints, and giving praise to God. He believed that he had been chosen to do a "great work," that he was a man of destiny divinely inspired in thought and action. In his journal he writes: “Of the New Heaven and Earth which our Lord has made, and as St. John writes in the Apocalypse, after he had told of it by the mouth of Isaiah, he made me the messenger for it and showed me where to find it.” Christopher Columbus was a religious man whose beliefs were part of his thoughts and actions. Throughout his journals and letters, we find him constantly in prayer, using the names of Christ, Mary and the Saints, and giving praise to God. He believed that he had been chosen to do a "great work," that he was a man of destiny divinely inspired in thought and action. In his journal he writes: “Of the New Heaven and Earth which our Lord has made, and as St. John writes in the Apocalypse, after he had told of it by the mouth of Isaiah, he made me the messenger for it and showed me where to find it.” It doesn’t matter if YOU BELIEVE he was inspired, the point is…. HE BELIEVED that God inspired him…. Like other people of his time, he believed God was in all, about all, around all…. It doesn’t matter if YOU BELIEVE he was inspired, the point is…. HE BELIEVED that God inspired him…. Like other people of his time, he believed God was in all, about all, around all….

10 Think About it Kahlil Gibran once asked, "Who can separate his faith from his actions, or his belief from his occupation?” World history, indeed American History, is full of events and people who chose not to make this separation. PLEASE NOTE: THIS WILL BE A PRIVATE JOURNAL WRITE. How important is religion and your religious beliefs to you? Do those beliefs impact how you think, feel and act with others? How? Do you believe in an organized church, with defined structures or are your beliefs independent of a church and church leadership? Explain.

11 Why Religion in American History American culture is influenced by European and Middle Eastern religious traditions. For example, during Colonial America, the Ten Commandments were not just religious laws, they were THE law. Many of these laws have made their way into the American legal system. VIDEO CLIP: The Ten Commandments: History Channel. In the following section we will study three major world religions (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam), whose foundations are based on the Ten Commandments.

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13 Primary Religions impacting the exploration and colonization of the Americas. Judaism: 2000 BCE Judaism: 2000 BCE Christianity: 0 Christianity: 0 Official Roman Religion: 312 AD Official Roman Religion: 312 AD Islam: 570 AD Islam: 570 AD Western Europe Israel Middle East, Northern Africa, Eastern Asia, Indonesia

14 Judaism: Time frame/Founder Time frame: Judaism began about 2000 BCE. Time frame: Judaism began about 2000 BCE. Founder: Abraham Founder: Abraham The Jews lived in an area called the Fertile Crescent, along the Mediterranean in the Middle East. According to the Hebrew Bible, Abraham made a covenant with God that he and his descendents would be “his people.” [to God] Tevye: I know, I know. We are Your chosen people. But, once in a while, can't You choose someone else? Tevye

15 Judaism: Basic Beliefs God: There is one God (monotheism) God: There is one God (monotheism) Unique Beliefs: Unique Beliefs: 1. Based on Abraham’s Covenant, they are God’s “Chosen” people. 2. Dietary Laws: “Kosher” Afterlife: Belief in the resurrection and afterlife. Afterlife: Belief in the resurrection and afterlife. Torah and other religious symbols.

16 Judaism: Scripture/Holy Cities/Place of Worship Scripture: Torah- later used by Christians as the first five books of the Old Testament. Scripture: Torah- later used by Christians as the first five books of the Old Testament. Holy Cities: Jerusalem and Hebron. Holy Cities: Jerusalem and Hebron. Place of Worship: Synagogue. Place of Worship: Synagogue. The Eastern Wall where it is believed the Messiah will enter Jerusalem and rebuild the temple.

17 Christianity: Time frame/Founder Time Frame: Began in the 1 st Century AD as a Jewish sect. Time Frame: Began in the 1 st Century AD as a Jewish sect. Jewish Founder: Jesus Christ 0-44 AD Founder: Jesus Christ 0-44 AD Born Lives Dies

18 Christianity: Basic Beliefs God: God is present in the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. God: God is present in the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. Unique Beliefs: Unique Beliefs: 1. Jesus Christ is the son of God and the “Messiah” that is mentioned in the Old Testament. 2. The death of Jesus, followed by his resurrection, is the most important event in history. 3. Through faith in Jesus one can be saved from sin and death. Afterlife: They believe in a resurrection and afterlife. Afterlife: They believe in a resurrection and afterlife.

19 Christianity: Scripture/Holy Cities/Places of Worship Scripture: New Testament, based on the teachings of Jesus Christ. They also use Jewish/Torah i.e. Old Testament based on Jewish scripture. Scripture: New Testament, based on the teachings of Jesus Christ. They also use Jewish/Torah i.e. Old Testament based on Jewish scripture. Holy Cities: Jerusalem, Galilee, and Bethlehem Holy Cities: Jerusalem, Galilee, and Bethlehem Places of worship: churches, cathedrals, temples, etc. Places of worship: churches, cathedrals, temples, etc. Jerusalem is the city where Christ preached and was later crucified (1) and resurrected (2). 1 2

20 Islam: Time Frame/Founder Time Frame: Began during the 7 th century AD, specifically with the teachings of Muhammad ( AD). Time Frame: Began during the 7 th century AD, specifically with the teachings of Muhammad ( AD). Founder: Muhammad Founder: Muhammad Muslims do not believe in “graven images” so they do not use pictures of Muhammad. Instead, the name Muhammad is written in classic calligraphy.

21 Islam: Basic Beliefs God: Belief in ONE God (monotheism)- “Allah” God: Belief in ONE God (monotheism)- “Allah” Unique Beliefs: Unique Beliefs: 1. Islam means submission, referring to the total surrender of one's self to God, and a Muslim is "one who submits to God". Muslim 2. Muhammad was the last prophet (they also believe in many of the Jewish and Christian Prophets) 3. The five pillars: (faith, prayer 5 times a day, zakat (tithes), fasting, and pilgrimage. Afterlife: They believe in an afterlife, salvation is based on their faith in “Allah”. Afterlife: They believe in an afterlife, salvation is based on their faith in “Allah”. The first sura (verse) of the Quŕan

22 Islam: Scripture/Holy Cities/Place of Worship Scripture: Quŕan (Koran) Scripture: Quŕan (Koran) Holy Cities: Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem Holy Cities: Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem Place of Worship: Mosque Place of Worship: Mosque The hajj to the Kaaba in Mecca is an important practice for Muslims to perform.hajjKaabaMecca Dome of the Rock where Muslims believed Muhammad ascended into heaven. It is built on the foundation of the Jewish Temple, where Jesus (the founder of Christianity) taught.

23 Compare and Contrast the Three Religions that laid the foundations for America. Religion When was it founded? Who was it’s founder? Where was it founded? Primary books of Scripture? Primary Beliefs? Holy Cities? Judaism Christianity Islam

24 Compare and Contrast the Three Religions that laid the foundations for America. Religion When was it founded? Who was it’s founder? Where was it founded? Primary books of Scripture? Primary Beliefs? Holy Cities? Judaism2000 BCE AbrahamIsraelTorahOne God Chosen People Kosher Diet Jerusalem Christianity Islam

25 Compare and Contrast the Three Religions that laid the foundations for America. Religion When was it founded? Who was it’s founder? Where was it founded? Primary books of Scripture? Primary Beliefs? Holy Cities? Judaism 2000 BCE AbrahamIsraelTorah One God Chosen People Kosher Diet Jerusalem Christianity0 AD 312 AD official Roman Faith Jesus Christ IsraelOld Testament Torah) New Testament Trinity: Father Son Holy Ghost Resurrection Jerusalem Galilee Bethlehem Islam

26 Compare and Contrast the Three Religions that laid the foundations for America. Religion When was it founded? Who was it’s founder? Where was it founded? Primary books of Scripture? Primary Beliefs? Holy Cities? Judaism 2000 BCE AbrahamIsraelTorah One God Chosen People Kosher Diet Jerusalem Christianity 0 AD 312 AD official Roman Faith Jesus Christ Israel Old Testament (Torah) New Testament Trinity:FatherSon Holy Ghost ResurrectionJerusalemGalileeBethlehem Islam570 AD Muhammad Middle East Iraq, Saudi Arabia QuŕanAllah Submission to God 5 Pillars Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem

27 Differences Islam Differences Christianity Similarities Differences Judaism

28 Works Cited 299A.jpg 299A.jpg 299A.jpg 299A.jpg ediaeval_Universities.jpg ediaeval_Universities.jpg ediaeval_Universities.jpg ediaeval_Universities.jpg whathappenedtomycountry.blogspot.com/2007_04_... whathappenedtomycountry.blogspot.com/2007_04_... whathappenedtomycountry.blogspot.com/2007_04_ Blogs.law.harvard.edu Blogs.law.harvard.edu Nebuchadnezzarwoollyd.blogspot.com Nebuchadnezzarwoollyd.blogspot.com Vwt.d2g.com Vwt.d2g.com


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