Presentation on theme: "First responder (usually a uniformed police officer): 1.Medical assistance is first priority…protecting evidence is secondary! 2.Protect scene…nothing."— Presentation transcript:
First responder (usually a uniformed police officer): 1.Medical assistance is first priority…protecting evidence is secondary! 2.Protect scene…nothing new added or altered, nothing removed. 3.Detain suspects/witnesses. Medical examiner: 1.Note condition of body, estimate time of death. Crime Scene Investigator: 1.Interviews first responder, victims, witnesses 2.Record details (weather, odors, light, visibility, etc)
Assess crime scene Detain witnesses Arrest perpetrator Protect the scene Take notes
1.Notes; Thorough, complete, clear, legible Measure distances, date/time and description of everything Include full names and addresses of all people May tape-record descriptions 2. Photographs and videotapes; Unaltered crime scene Overviews and close-ups, use rulers to show scale 3.Sketches; Give measurements, scale, relative placement of details Date and Time, reference points, all relevant names Never add/subtract details from an original sketch
Anything that could carry trace evidence or anything that should not be there. Use extreme care in identifying, packaging, and labeling each piece of evidence. Special lighting may help show body fluids.
Four standards for admissible evidence: (a) Legally obtained (b) Relevant (c) Identify the item (d) Maintain the chain of custody
Wear sterile vinyl or latex gloves Wet items dried first Containers sealed tightly Biological items dried and frozen Clothing with trace evidence, entire garment bagged Firearms inside a wooden box and fixed in place to prevent movement Arson evidence in airtight containers to prevent evaporation or dispersal of fumes Adhesive tape and small vacuums pick up EVERYTHING (not just the evidence) Tweezers, pens, uncontaminated objects to pick up evidence
example…CARPET SAMPLES FROM AN AREA THAT WAS AFFECTED BY FIRE AND THE SAME CARPET FROM AN AREA THAT WAS UNAFFECTED BY FIRE
Written record of everyone who has had contact with the evidence from the time of collection to the time it may appear in court.
A likely sequence of events based on physical evidence and statements made by any witnesses 1.Crime scene processing, recognition, documentation, and collection. 2.Identification and Classification of evidence…goal is individualization of as much of the evidence as possible using comparison testing, evaluation, and interpretation 3.Attempt to reconstruct the crime. 4.Report and present all findings in a logical and convincing manner.