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Areas of Focus within The Ecology Interactions Unit: Levels of Biological Organization (Ecology), Parts of the Biosphere, Habitat, Ecological Niche, Types.

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Presentation on theme: "Areas of Focus within The Ecology Interactions Unit: Levels of Biological Organization (Ecology), Parts of the Biosphere, Habitat, Ecological Niche, Types."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Areas of Focus within The Ecology Interactions Unit: Levels of Biological Organization (Ecology), Parts of the Biosphere, Habitat, Ecological Niche, Types of Competition, Competitive Exclusion Theory, Animal Interactions, Food Webs, Predator Prey Relationships, Camouflage, Population Sampling, Abundance, Relative Abundance, Diversity, Mimicry, Batesian Mimicry, Mullerian Mimicry, Symbiosis, Parasitism, Mutualism, Commensalism, Plant and Animal Interactions, Coevolution, Animal Strategies to Eat Plants, Plant Defense Mechanisms, Exotic Species, Impacts of Invasive Exotic Species. An entire mini unit of ecological succession is also included with homework, notes, field study project and PowerPoint review game Full Unit can be found at…

3 This PowerPoint is one small part of my Ecology Interactions Unit. This unit includes 3 Part Slide PowerPoint 12 page bundled homework packaged that chronologically follows PowerPoint, + modified version and answer keys. 7 pages of unit notes with visuals 3 PowerPoint review games with answer keys. Rubrics, games, flash cards and much more. ns_Unit.htmlhttp://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactio ns_Unit.html

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6 RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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8 Please use this red line

9 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate.

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11 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent.

12 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics

13 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages

14 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.

15 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn. Please label. Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere

16 RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

17 Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise your hand as soon as you see him. –He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

18 Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise your hand as soon as you see him. –He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow “Hoot, Hoot” “Good Luck!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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30 Organisms need energy to survive. Energy from the sun flows into and out systems. This energy drives our world and the organisms in it. Energy is lost “not destroyed” when it changes form. Flows Hot to Cold

31 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Organisms need energy to survive. Energy from the sun flows into and out systems. This energy drives our world and the organisms in it. Energy is lost “not destroyed” when it changes form. Flows Hot to Cold

32 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Organisms need energy to survive. Energy from the sun flows into and out systems. This energy drives our world and the organisms in it. Energy is lost “not destroyed” when it changes form. Flows Hot to Cold Ecological systems are organized within each other. The effects on one system will effect them all. All systems are interconnected.

33 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Organisms need energy to survive. Energy from the sun flows into and out systems. This energy drives our world and the organisms in it. Energy is lost “not destroyed” when it changes form. Flows Hot to Cold Ecological systems are organized within each other. The effects on one system will effect them all. All systems are interconnected.

34 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Organisms need energy to survive. Energy from the sun flows into and out systems. This energy drives our world and the organisms in it. Energy is lost “not destroyed” when it changes form. Flows Hot to Cold Ecological systems are organized within each other. The effects on one system will effect them all. All systems are interconnected. All organisms are in a constant state of change over time with the environment. Some organisms will change with another and will develop special interactions. Others with the nonliving world.

35 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Organisms need energy to survive. Energy from the sun flows into and out systems. This energy drives our world and the organisms in it. Energy is lost “not destroyed” when it changes form. Flows Hot to Cold Ecological systems are organized within each other. The effects on one system will effect them all. All systems are interconnected. All organisms are in a constant state of change over time with the environment. Some organisms will change with another and will develop special interactions. Others with the nonliving world.

36 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Organisms need energy to survive. Energy from the sun flows into and out systems. This energy drives our world and the organisms in it. Energy is lost “not destroyed” when it changes form. Flows Hot to Cold Ecological systems are organized within each other. The effects on one system will effect them all. All systems are interconnected. All organisms are in a constant state of change over time with the environment. Some organisms will change with another and will develop special interactions. Others with the nonliving world. Matter and energy cycle through the living and nonliving world. Organisms rely on this matter and energy cycling to survive.

37 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Organisms need energy to survive. Energy from the sun flows into and out systems. This energy drives our world and the organisms in it. Energy is lost “not destroyed” when it changes form. Flows Hot to Cold Ecological systems are organized within each other. The effects on one system will effect them all. All systems are interconnected. All organisms are in a constant state of change over time with the environment. Some organisms will change with another and will develop special interactions. Others with the nonliving world. Matter and energy cycle through the living and nonliving world. Organisms rely on this matter and energy cycling to survive.

38 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Organisms need energy to survive. Energy from the sun flows into and out systems. This energy drives our world and the organisms in it. Energy is lost “not destroyed” when it changes form. Flows Hot to Cold Ecological systems are organized within each other. The effects on one system will effect them all. All systems are interconnected. All organisms are in a constant state of change over time with the environment. Some organisms will change with another and will develop special interactions. Others with the nonliving world. Matter and energy cycle through the living and nonliving world. Organisms rely on this matter and energy cycling to survive. Animals are interconnected in a complex web of life. Changes on one part of the web have will effect other parts of the web and the stability of the entire ecosystem.

39 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Organisms need energy to survive. Energy from the sun flows into and out systems. This energy drives our world and the organisms in it. Energy is lost “not destroyed” when it changes form. Flows Hot to Cold Ecological systems are organized within each other. The effects on one system will effect them all. All systems are interconnected. All organisms are in a constant state of change over time with the environment. Some organisms will change with another and will develop special interactions. Others with the nonliving world. Matter and energy cycle through the living and nonliving world. Organisms rely on this matter and energy cycling to survive. Animals are interconnected in a complex web of life. Changes on one part of the web have will effect other parts of the web and the stability of the entire ecosystem.

40 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Organisms need energy to survive. Energy from the sun flows into and out systems. This energy drives our world and the organisms in it. Energy is lost “not destroyed” when it changes form. Flows Hot to Cold Ecological systems are organized within each other. The effects on one system will effect them all. All systems are interconnected. All organisms are in a constant state of change over time with the environment. Some organisms will change with another and will develop special interactions. Others with the nonliving world. Matter and energy cycle through the living and nonliving world. Organisms rely on this matter and energy cycling to survive. Animals are interconnected in a complex web of life. Changes on one part of the web have will effect other parts of the web and the stability of the entire ecosystem. Ecosystems have a way to balance changes so that up and down fluctuations are part of the natural balance of the whole.

41 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Organisms need energy to survive. Energy from the sun flows into and out systems. This energy drives our world and the organisms in it. Energy is lost “not destroyed” when it changes form. Flows Hot to Cold Ecological systems are organized within each other. The effects on one system will effect them all. All systems are interconnected. All organisms are in a constant state of change over time with the environment. Some organisms will change with another and will develop special interactions. Others with the nonliving world. Matter and energy cycle through the living and nonliving world. Organisms rely on this matter and energy cycling to survive. Animals are interconnected in a complex web of life. Changes on one part of the web have will effect other parts of the web and the stability of the entire ecosystem. Ecosystems have a way to balance changes so that up and down fluctuations are part of the natural balance of the whole.

42 New Area of Focus: Special Feeding Relationships New Area of Focus: Special Feeding Relationships Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

43 Symbiosis: A long term relationship between two or more different species. Symbiosis: A long term relationship between two or more different species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

44 Symbiosis: A long term relationship between two or more different species. Symbiosis: A long term relationship between two or more different species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

45 Three types of symbiosis Three types of symbiosis - Parasitism - Parasitism - Mutualism - Mutualism - Commensalism - Commensalism Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

46 Three types of symbiosis Three types of symbiosis - Parasitism - Parasitism - Mutualism - Mutualism - Commensalism - Commensalism Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

47 Three types of symbiosis Three types of symbiosis - Parasitism - Parasitism - Mutualism - Mutualism - Commensalism - Commensalism Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

48 Three types of symbiosis Three types of symbiosis - Parasitism - Parasitism - Mutualism - Mutualism - Commensalism - Commensalism Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

49 Parasitism: One organism benefits while the other is harmed. Parasitism: One organism benefits while the other is harmed. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

50 Parasitism: One organism benefits while the other is harmed. Parasitism: One organism benefits while the other is harmed. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

51 “I’m sick of studying dumb stuff” “Why should I care about studying parasites?”

52 1 in 3 American suffers in some form from a parasite. –Learn about them to help yourself. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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54 Coevolution: The evolution of two or more species, each adapting to changes in the other.

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56 These ecological relationships include:

57 –Predator/prey and parasite/host

58 These ecological relationships include: –Predator/prey and parasite/host –Competitive species

59 These ecological relationships include: –Predator/prey and parasite/host –Competitive species –Mutualistic species

60 These ecological relationships include: –Predator/prey and parasite/host –Competitive species –Mutualistic species

61 These ecological relationships include: –Predator/prey and parasite/host –Competitive species –Mutualistic species

62 These ecological relationships include: –Predator/prey and parasite/host –Competitive species –Mutualistic species

63 These ecological relationships include: –Predator/prey and parasite/host –Competitive species –Mutualistic species

64 These ecological relationships include: –Predator/prey and parasite/host –Competitive species –Mutualistic species

65 These ecological relationships include: –Predator/prey and parasite/host –Competitive species –Mutualistic species

66 These ecological relationships include: –Predator/prey and parasite/host –Competitive species –Mutualistic species

67 Video Link Coevolution and a nice review of other forms of evolution. –(Advanced / Optional) –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QDVbt2qQRq s&feature=results_video&playnext=1&list=PL7A CD067http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QDVbt2qQRq s&feature=results_video&playnext=1&list=PL7A CD067

68 Mutualism: Both organisms benefit. Mutualism: Both organisms benefit. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

69 Types of mutualisms Types of mutualisms Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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75 Look how the majority of the this plants roots are connected to the symbiotic fungi. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

76 Fungus breaks down organic molecules and helps return those nutrients to plants.Fungus breaks down organic molecules and helps return those nutrients to plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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79 Which plant has helpful Mycorrhizae fungi in the soil providing nutrients to the plant? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

80 The fungi will help the plant absorb valuable nutrients so the plant can grow? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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87 They look for molecules to break down.

88 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy They look for molecules to break down.

89 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy They look for molecules to break down.

90 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy They look for molecules to break down.

91 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy They look for molecules to break down.

92 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy They look for molecules to break down.

93 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy They look for molecules to break down.

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98 Leaf cutter ants feed leaves to their fungus colonies.

99 - The ants then feed on the growing fungus.

100 Leaf cutter ants feed leaves to their fungus colonies. - The ants then feed on the growing fungus.

101 There were all examples of trophic Mutualisms

102 Trophic mutualism: Both species help feed each other. Trophic mutualism: Both species help feed each other. -

103 Usually nutrient related. Usually nutrient related.

104 Cleaning symbiosis: One species gets food and shelter, the other has parasites removed. Cleaning symbiosis: One species gets food and shelter, the other has parasites removed. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

105 Cleaning symbiosis: One species gets food and shelter, the other has parasites removed. Cleaning symbiosis: One species gets food and shelter, the other has parasites removed. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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110 Video Link! Bulldozer Shrimp and the Goby. –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vR9X3gFT pL0&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vR9X3gFT pL0&feature=related

111 Video! Goby Fish and Bulldozer Shrimp. –How is this a defensive mutualism? –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vR9X3gFT pL0&feature=fvwrelhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vR9X3gFT pL0&feature=fvwrel

112 Video Link! Review of Symbiosis –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zSmL2F1t81Qhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zSmL2F1t81Q

113 Question! Are these ants killing this caterpillar? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

114 Question! Are these ants killing this caterpillar? –Answer: No. they are eating some sugary secretions releases by the caterpillar. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

115 Video! Caterpillar and Ant defensive mutualism. –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z3bWqlPLpMghttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z3bWqlPLpMg

116 Defensive mutualisms: One species protects the other and gets some benefits for its help. Defensive mutualisms: One species protects the other and gets some benefits for its help. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

117 Never climb Acacia trees that have these galls. Viscous ants feel the vibrations and coming running out to attack. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

118 Never climb Acacia trees that have these galls. Viscous ants feel the vibrations and coming running out to attack. –They get drops of sugar from the leaves of the tree. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

119 Never climb Acacia trees that have these galls. Viscous ants feel the vibrations and coming running out to attack. –They get drops of sugar from the leaves of the tree. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

120 Video Link (Optional) Ants and defensive mutualisms. –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xm2qdxVV Rm4http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xm2qdxVV Rm4

121 The Sea Anemome and the Clownfish are a mutualism.

122 –The Anemome gets small scrapes from the clownfish, and the Clownfish gets protection.

123 Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner. Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

124 Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner. Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

125 Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner. Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

126 Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner. Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

127 Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner. Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

128 Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner. Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

129 Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner. Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about plant animal mutualisms at… https://www.boundless.com/biology/flowering- plants/mutualistic-interaction-between-plants-and- animals/mutualistic-interactions-between-plants-and- animals/ https://www.boundless.com/biology/flowering- plants/mutualistic-interaction-between-plants-and- animals/mutualistic-interactions-between-plants-and- animals/

130 Pollination – Insects transfer pollen from one flower to the next, insects gets nectar.

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133 “Wow!” “Look how this flower has evolved to be white, and shaped in a way so I can visit it.”

134 Seed dispersal

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138 You can now complete these questions on your bundled homework.

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141 Commensalism: One organism benefits while the other doesn’t benefit, or suffer harm. Commensalism: One organism benefits while the other doesn’t benefit, or suffer harm.

142 The remora just hitches a ride to grab some scraps after the kill.

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145 “I’m not a cleaner bird.” “I’m just here for the protection”

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147 “After my nap, can you please feed me…Thanks.”

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149 Epiphytes – Can be parasitic if they shade out the host tree.

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152 A bird may benefit from a tree for shelter and raising young. – The tree neither benefits, nor is caused harm.

153 A bird may benefit from a tree for shelter and raising young. – The tree neither benefits, nor is caused harm. Learn more about birds and their relationships at… animal-relationships/ animal-relationships/

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155 Neutral Interspecific Competition?

156 Lamprey Neutral Interspecific Competition?

157 Lamprey Lake Trout Neutral Interspecific Competition?

158 Lamprey Lake Trout Neutral Interspecific Competition?

159 Lamprey Lake Trout Neutral Interspecific Competition?

160 Lamprey Lake Trout Neutral Interspecific Competition?

161 Lamprey Lake Trout Neutral Interspecific Competition?

162 Lamprey Lake Trout Neutral Interspecific Competition?

163 Lamprey Lake Trout Neutral Interspecific Competition?

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165 Neutral Interspecific Competition? Honeysuckle Hummingbird

166 Neutral Interspecific Competition? Honeysuckle Hummingbird

167 Neutral Interspecific Competition? Honeysuckle Hummingbird

168 Neutral Interspecific Competition? Honeysuckle Hummingbird

169 Neutral Interspecific Competition? Honeysuckle Hummingbird

170 Neutral Interspecific Competition? Honeysuckle Hummingbird

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177 “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet –Visit some of the many provided links or.. –Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) 1http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 ournal=tsthttp://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tst Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet

178 “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet –Visit some of the many provided links or.. –Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) urnal=tsthttp://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst

179 This PowerPoint is one small part of my Ecology Interactions Unit. This unit includes 3 Part Slide PowerPoint 12 page bundled homework packaged that chronologically follows PowerPoint, + modified version and answer keys. 7 pages of unit notes with visuals 3 PowerPoint review games with answer keys. Rubrics, games, flash cards and much more. ns_Unit.htmlhttp://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactio ns_Unit.html

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181 Areas of Focus within The Ecology Interactions Unit: Levels of Biological Organization (Ecology), Parts of the Biosphere, Habitat, Ecological Niche, Types of Competition, Competitive Exclusion Theory, Animal Interactions, Food Webs, Predator Prey Relationships, Camouflage, Population Sampling, Abundance, Relative Abundance, Diversity, Mimicry, Batesian Mimicry, Mullerian Mimicry, Symbiosis, Parasitism, Mutualism, Commensalism, Plant and Animal Interactions, Coevolution, Animal Strategies to Eat Plants, Plant Defense Mechanisms, Exotic Species, Impacts of Invasive Exotic Species. An entire mini unit of ecological succession is also included with homework, notes, field study project and PowerPoint review game Full Unit can be found at…

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186 Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum –These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades Earth Science UnitsExtended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit Astronomy Topics Unit Weather and Climate Unit Soil Science, Weathering, More Water Unit Rivers Unit = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5 th – 7 th grade 6 th – 8 th grade 8 th – 10 th grade

187 Physical Science UnitsExtended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit html Motion and Machines Unit Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Life Science UnitsExtended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics DNA and Genetics Unit Cell Biology Unit Infectious Diseases Unit Taxonomy and Classification Unit Evolution / Natural Selection Unit Botany Topics Unit Ecology Feeding Levels Unit Ecology Interactions Unit Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit

188 Thank you for your time and interest in this curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on how a unit works and link to the many unit previews to see the PowerPoint slideshows, bundled homework, review games, unit notes, and much more. Thank you for your interest and please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed

189 More Units Available at… Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The River Unit, The Water Molecule Unit. Physical Science: The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and The Science Skills Unit. Life Science: The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit, The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification Unit, Ecology: Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology: Interactions Unit, Ecology: Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and coming soon The Human Body Systems and Health Topics Unit. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

190 The entire four year curriculum can be found at... Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed


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