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Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy. RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy. RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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8 RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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10 Please use this red line

11 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. Please use this red line

12 - Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. Please use this red line

13 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent.

14 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics

15 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages

16 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.

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18 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn. Please Label Phosphate Backbone Double Helix Nitrogen Base

19 RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

20 Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise your hand as soon as you see him. –He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

21 “Hoot, Hoot” “Good Luck!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

22 Why do we age? “Arrgh” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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27 Young Older

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30 Answer : It has a lot to do with our next area of focus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

31 Answer : It has a lot to do with our next area of focus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “That question better get answered by the end of the unit.”

32 Research Opportunity! There are many theories about why and how we age. –Who would like to tackle this question and report back to the class tomorrow?

33 Video (Optional)! Time Lapse of aging. –One picture everyday for six years. –A neat video for the end of class. (6 min) –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6B26asyGKDohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6B26asyGKDo

34 New Area of Focus: Cellular Division New Area of Focus: Cellular Division Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

35 Mitosis: Cellular Division Mitosis: Cellular Division - - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

36 When one cell divides into two When one cell divides into two Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

37 Humans shed thousands and thousands of skin cells every hour. Some estimates put it around 600,000 skin cells an hour. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

38 Humans shed thousands and thousands of skin cells every hour. Some estimates put it around 600,000 skin cells an hour. –These cells need to be replaced…Mitosis. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

39 Humans shed thousands and thousands of skin cells every hour. Some estimates put it around 600,000 skin cells an hour. –These cells need to be replaced…Mitosis. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

40 We are not one celled creatures…

41 –We are multicellular creatures made of trillions of cells. We needed mitosis to create and maintain our complexity.

42 We are not one celled creatures… –We are multicellular creatures made of trillions of cells. We needed mitosis to create and maintain our complexity.

43 Video! Time lapse photography showing embryonic development of a fish. (Mitosis) –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nPgNoidnKMMhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nPgNoidnKMM Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

44 Exact copy of the cells’ genetic material is made. Exact copy of the cells’ genetic material is made. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

45 Exact copy of the cells’ genetic material is made. Exact copy of the cells’ genetic material is made. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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52 Mitosis Song Video Link! INTRODUCTION 9jL8chttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HYKesI 9jL8c

53 Mitosis Song Video Link! INTRODUCTION 9jL8chttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HYKesI 9jL8c

54 Important Note - Although mitosis will be discussed as different stages, the process is generally continuous. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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56 Before we begin, we must learn about chromosomes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

57 Mitosis Available Sheet for classwork.

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59 Humans have 46 chromosomes in their cells. –Not sex cells which will be discussed later during meiosis. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

60 Humans have 46 chromosomes in their cells. –Not sex cells which will be discussed later during meiosis. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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68 “ Oh No!” “We’re doing it again.”

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78 “I told you we’re doing it again.” “I told you we’re doing it again.”

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86 “ Oh No!”

87 “He’s dead!” “Just leave him.”

88 Chromosome: An organized structure of DNA and protein that is found in cells. Chromosome: An organized structure of DNA and protein that is found in cells. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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92 DNA wrapping and chromosome formation. –Over 1.8 meters (6 feet) of DNA can be found in most cells.

93 DNA wrapping and chromosome formation. –Over 1.8 meters (6 feet) of DNA can be found in most cells.

94 Video! DNA wrapping and chromosome formation. –Over 1.8 meters (6 feet) of DNA can be found in most cells.

95 Video Again! (Optional) DNA wrapping. Shows how 1.8 meters of DNA can be found in a single cell. –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AF2wwMReTf8http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AF2wwMReTf8 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

96 Video Link (Optional) Chromosomes, Chromatin, DNA Khan Academy –http://www.khanacademy.org/video/chromoso mes--chromatids--chromatin-- etc?playlist=Biologyhttp://www.khanacademy.org/video/chromoso mes--chromatids--chromatin-- etc?playlist=Biology

97 You can also complete this question for homework.

98 Cell Division: Cell Division:

99 Mitosis Available Sheet for classwork.

100 Interphase Interphase Most of cell cycle (90%) Most of cell cycle (90%) Cell grows and develops (gets bigger) Cell grows and develops (gets bigger) Chromosomes not visible Chromosomes not visible Nucleus intact Nucleus intact DNA is copied DNA is copied Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

101 Interphase Interphase Most of cell cycle (90%) Most of cell cycle (90%) Cell grows and develops (gets bigger) Cell grows and develops (gets bigger) Chromosomes not visible Chromosomes not visible Nucleus intact Nucleus intact DNA is copied DNA is copied Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

102 Interphase Interphase Most of cell cycle (90%) Most of cell cycle (90%) Cell grows and develops (gets bigger) Cell grows and develops (gets bigger) Chromosomes not visible Chromosomes not visible Nucleus intact Nucleus intact DNA is copied DNA is copied Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

103 Interphase Interphase Most of cell cycle (90%) Most of cell cycle (90%) Cell grows and develops (gets bigger) Cell grows and develops (gets bigger) Chromosomes not visible Chromosomes not visible Nucleus intact Nucleus intact DNA is copied DNA is copied Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

104 Interphase Interphase Most of cell cycle (90%) Most of cell cycle (90%) Cell grows and develops (gets bigger) Cell grows and develops (gets bigger) Chromosomes not visible Chromosomes not visible Nucleus intact Nucleus intact DNA is copied DNA is copied Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

105 Interphase Interphase Most of cell cycle (90%) Most of cell cycle (90%) Cell grows and develops (gets bigger) Cell grows and develops (gets bigger) Chromosomes not visible Chromosomes not visible Nucleus intact Nucleus intact DNA is copied DNA is copied Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

106 Interphase: Use Petri dish to draw image below. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

107 Mitosis Available Sheet for classwork.

108 Prophase Prophase Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

109 Prophase Prophase Chromatin draws together to create chromosomes. Chromatin draws together to create chromosomes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

110 Prophase Prophase Chromatin draws together to create chromosomes. Chromatin draws together to create chromosomes. Spindle fibers form. Spindle fibers form. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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113 Mitosis Available Sheet for classwork.

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117 Prometaphase

118 Nuclear envelope breaks down.

119 Prometaphase Nuclear envelope breaks down. Centrosomes are positioned at opposite poles of the cell.

120 Prometaphase Nuclear envelope breaks down. Centrosomes are positioned at opposite poles of the cell. Spindle fibers attach to chromosome at the kinetochore.

121 Mitosis Available Sheet for classwork.

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125 Draw Prometaphase Draw Prometaphase Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

126 Prophase Late Prophase

127 ProphasePrometaphase

128 Mitosis Available Sheet for classwork.

129 Metaphase: Chromosomes line up on equator Metaphase: Chromosomes line up on equator Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

130 Metaphase: Draw below. Metaphase: Draw below. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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132 Mitosis Available Sheet for classwork.

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136 Anaphase Anaphase Chromosomes get split at centromere Chromosomes get split at centromere The two identical copies get pulled apart The two identical copies get pulled apart Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

137 Anaphase Anaphase Chromosomes get split at centromere Chromosomes get split at centromere The two identical copies get pulled apart The two identical copies get pulled apart Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

138 Anaphase Anaphase Chromosomes get split at centromere Chromosomes get split at centromere The two identical copies get pulled apart The two identical copies get pulled apart Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

139 Early Anaphase Late Anaphase

140 Early Anaphase Late Anaphase

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143 Mitosis Available Sheet for classwork.

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147 Telophase Telophase Chromosomes reach poles. Chromosomes reach poles. Nuclear membrane begins to form. Nuclear membrane begins to form. Cleavage furrow forms pinching cell into two. Cleavage furrow forms pinching cell into two. Chromosomes begin to unwrap. Chromosomes begin to unwrap. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

148 Telophase Telophase Chromosomes reach poles. Chromosomes reach poles. Nuclear membrane begins to form. Nuclear membrane begins to form. Cleavage furrow forms pinching cell into two. Cleavage furrow forms pinching cell into two. Chromosomes begin to unwrap. Chromosomes begin to unwrap. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

149 Telophase Telophase Chromosomes reach poles. Chromosomes reach poles. Nuclear membrane begins to form. Nuclear membrane begins to form. Cleavage furrow forms pinching cell into two. Cleavage furrow forms pinching cell into two. Chromosomes begin to unwrap. Chromosomes begin to unwrap. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

150 Telophase Telophase Chromosomes reach poles. Chromosomes reach poles. Nuclear membrane begins to form. Nuclear membrane begins to form. Cleavage furrow forms pinching cell into two. Cleavage furrow forms pinching cell into two. Chromosomes begin to unwrap. Chromosomes begin to unwrap. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

151 Telophase Telophase Chromosomes reach poles. Chromosomes reach poles. Nuclear membrane begins to form. Nuclear membrane begins to form. Cleavage furrow forms pinching cell into two. Cleavage furrow forms pinching cell into two. Chromosomes begin to unwrap. Chromosomes begin to unwrap. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

152 Telophase: Please Draw. Telophase: Please Draw. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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155 Mitosis Available Sheet for classwork.

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157 This PowerPoint is one small part of my DNA and Genetics Unit. This unit includes… –A five part 3,000 slide PowerPoint roadmap. –14 page bundled homework package, answer keys, lesson notes, rubrics, materials list, guide, and much more. –PowerPoint Review Game, games, flashcards, crosswords, and more. –http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics _Unit.htmlhttp://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics _Unit.html

158 DNA Review Game

159 “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet –Visit some of the many provided links or.. –Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) 1http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 ournal=tsthttp://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tst Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet.

160 “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet –Visit some of the many provided links or.. –Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) urnal=tsthttp://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst

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162 Areas of Focus within The DNA and Genetics Unit: DNA, DNA Extraction, Structure of DNA, Discovery of the Double Helix, Rosalind Franklin, Nucleotides, RNA, Cell Division, Mitosis, Phases of Mitosis, Chromosomes, Cancer, Ways to Avoid Cancer, What is Inside a Cigarette?, Facts about Smoking?, Anti-Smoking Ads, Meiosis, Phases in Meiosis, Mendelian Genetics, Gregor Mendel, Punnett Squares, Probability, Dihybrid Cross, Codominance, Bio-Ethics, Stem Cell Debate, Cloning Debate –Full Unit found at… –http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.htmlhttp://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html

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167 Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum –These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades Earth Science UnitsExtended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit Astronomy Topics Unit Weather and Climate Unit Soil Science, Weathering, More Water Unit Rivers Unit = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult – 5 th – 7 th grade 6 th – 8 th grade 8 th – 10 th grade

168 Physical Science UnitsExtended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit html Motion and Machines Unit Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Life Science UnitsExtended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics DNA and Genetics Unit Cell Biology Unit Infectious Diseases Unit Taxonomy and Classification Unit Evolution / Natural Selection Unit Botany Topics Unit Ecology Feeding Levels Unit Ecology Interactions Unit Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit

169 Thank you for your time and interest in this curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on how a unit works and link to the many unit previews to see the PowerPoint slideshows, bundled homework, review games, unit notes, and much more. Thank you for your interest and please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed

170 The entire four year curriculum can be found at... Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed


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