Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Measurements for many: A brief history on the co-evolution of data collection and statecraft. Cesar A. Hidalgo ABC Career Development Professor MIT Media.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Measurements for many: A brief history on the co-evolution of data collection and statecraft. Cesar A. Hidalgo ABC Career Development Professor MIT Media."— Presentation transcript:

1 Measurements for many: A brief history on the co-evolution of data collection and statecraft. Cesar A. Hidalgo ABC Career Development Professor MIT Media Lab Faculty Associate, Center for International Development Harvard University

2 At our scale connecting observation to action is not a challenging problem Our five senses are very good at “seeing” what is going on, and evolution has honed a large number of good responses into our biology. There is little to no delay between measuring temperature and deciding to take your hand off the pan

3 But it gets increasingly more complex as we start increasing the scale STIMULUS Response?

4 Predefine Rules of Action Game plan or policy that assumes different possible scenarios and predefine responses Predefined scenarios require a paramount effort in simplification: Define a language to describe the system, make it legible Define methods so the players can measure which state a system is at (create “maps”) Define rules of action associated with each state Provide mechanisms of coordination between the players so they can perform the predefined action

5 Seeing like a state. James C Scott. Yale University Press (1997) …It all started in in Saxony and Prussia, as part of what was called cameral science “an effort to reduce the fiscal management of a kingdom to scientific principles”

6 Seeing like a state. James C Scott. Yale University Press (1997) Making Society Legible (The creation of land property rights)

7 Seeing like a state. James C Scott. Yale University Press (1997) Making Society Legible (The creation of land property rights)

8 Making Society Legible

9 Two modern, yet popular, simplifications that are highly distortive

10 Making a complex system more legible is great Making a complex system more legible has consequences -It allows communication between its different parts -It allows action at a distance -It implies a paramount effort in simplifications, that narrows the policy makers field of vision and, promotes actions that make the system more compatible with its view

11 Three Popular Answers What make countries rich or poor? What People KnowHow people govern themselvesThe market conditions Three Popular Measures Years of Schooling (a.k.a. ass in seat measure) Standardized Test (PISA test) (school quality) World Governance Indicators (World Bank) -Political Stability -Voice and Accountability -Rule of Law -Regulatory Quality -Government Effectiveness -Control of Corruption Global Competiveness Index (World Economic Forum) 12 Pillars: -Institutions -Primary Education and Health -Labor Market Efficiency -Goods Market Efficiency … -Higher Education EDUCATION: GOVERNANCE: COMPETITIVENESS:

12

13 Hausmann, Hidalgo et al. Puritan Press (2011)

14

15 Capabilities and Products

16 COUNTRIES and capabilities

17 CountriesProducts This Bi-Partite Observable

18 C ca P pa M cp M cp =1 if P pa is a subset of C ca The ROOT of the problem: connecting the structure of the observable network with the structure of its primitive components

19 WORLD THOUGHT How about the reverse problem?

20 and == In Network Language (Complex) Diverse Set of Capabilities (Simple) Few Capabilities In Lego Language Hidalgo, Hausmann (2009) PNAS 106(26):

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28 THE PRODUCT SPACE

29 1975

30 1990

31 2009

32 States and large organizations need to act over complex systems. The management of these systems requires statistics and large volumes of data that are comprehensible to us only after grotesque simplifications. These simplifications, however, are highly distortive and tend to gear systems towards outcomes that are more compatible with the measures of it, than with the outcomes that inspired the measures in the first place. Science can blind us. But it can also set us free. Here we show how a change in the language used to describe a system can provide novel solutions and observables that allow a deeper understanding, and more accurate predictions. One of the goals of communication is to generate languages that are adequate to describe specific problems. Systems that cannot be understood from one perspective are perfectly clear when a new language is adopted. This puts communication at the forefront of our search for deeper understanding. CONCLUSION


Download ppt "Measurements for many: A brief history on the co-evolution of data collection and statecraft. Cesar A. Hidalgo ABC Career Development Professor MIT Media."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google