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Human Body Unit Part XIII. Human Body Unit Part XIII.

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Presentation on theme: "Human Body Unit Part XIII. Human Body Unit Part XIII."— Presentation transcript:

1 Human Body Unit Part XIII

2 Human Body Unit Part XIII

3 RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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5 Please use this red line

6 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. Please use this red line

7 - Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. Please use this red line

8 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent.

9 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics

10 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages

11 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.

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13 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn. Please Label

14 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn. Please Label. Prokaryotic Eukaryotic DNA / Nucleoid Nucleus Flagella Pili

15 RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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22 Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise your hand as soon as you see him. –He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow “Hoot, Hoot” “Good Luck!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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30 All medical surgeries in the 1800’s had doctors working with soiled tools and hands.

31 –Most people died from infections after surgery.

32 Joseph Lister ( )

33 –Changed the 50% death rate of early surgeries.

34 Joseph Lister ( ) –Changed the 50% death rate of early surgeries. –He realized that microbes (small organisms) were to blame for high post surgery death rates.

35 Joseph Lister ( ) –Changed the 50% death rate of early surgeries. –He realized that microbes (small organisms) were to blame for high post surgery death rates. –Pioneered the use of antiseptic and cleanliness.

36 Joseph Lister ( ) –Changed the 50% death rate of early surgeries. –He realized that microbes (small organisms) were to blame for high post surgery death rates. –Pioneered the use of antiseptic and cleanliness. (Carbolic Acid Sprayer)

37 Joseph Lister ( ) –Changed the 50% death rate of early surgeries. –He realized that microbes (small organisms) were to blame for high post surgery death rates. –Pioneered the use of antiseptic and cleanliness. (Carbolic Acid Sprayer) Learn more about Joseph Lister at…

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50 Every second microbes are trying to kill us by attacking our cells.

51 Without an immune systems to protect us from the thousand of micro invaders out there, you would certainly die.

52 H.G. Wells wrote: War of the Worlds. –Does anyone know how the invaders were stopped? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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54 The alien invaders were too powerful to be destroyed by our weapons. They were killed by infectious diseases because they did not evolve an immunity to earth’s diseases.

55 –The human immune system has taken millions of years to evolve.

56 New Area of Focus: Your Immune System. New Area of Focus: Your Immune System. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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85 Immune system: A system that protects the body from diseases. Immune system: A system that protects the body from diseases. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

86 The system includes…

87 –Special cells

88 The system includes… –Special cells

89 The system includes… –Special cells –Proteins

90 The system includes… –Special cells –Proteins Antibodies

91 The system includes… –Special cells –Proteins –Tissues

92 The system includes… –Special cells –Proteins –Tissues Lymphoid Tissues Lymphoid Tissues

93 The system includes… –Special cells –Proteins –Tissues –Organs

94 The system includes… –Special cells –Proteins –Tissues –Organs

95 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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111 Immune System, HIV, AIDS Available Sheet.

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113 First Line of Defense.

114 Skin prevents disease from entering the body. Skin prevents disease from entering the body. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

115 Where are there holes in the wall? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

116 Answer! Where are there holes in the wall? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

117 Answer! Where are there holes in the wall? Nose Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

118 Answer! Where are there holes in the wall? Nose Mouth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

119 Answer! Where are there holes in the wall? Nose Mouth Eyes Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

120 Answer! Where are there holes in the wall? Nose Mouth Eyes Open wounds Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

121 Answer! Where are there holes in the wall? Nose Mouth Eyes Open wounds Down low –STD’s  ! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

122 Mucus is another defense mechanism of the human body. –They trap and remove these invaders before the can reach their target cells. –Cilia move the invaders to be disposed.

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128 Dust Pollen Particulates Bacteria Viruses Spores

129 Dust Pollen Particulates Bacteria Viruses Spores

130 Dust Pollen Particulates Bacteria Viruses Spores

131 Dust Pollen Particulates Bacteria Viruses Spores Mucous

132 Your nose produces close to a liter of mucous a day. –Most gets swept into the esophagus by tiny hairs called cilia in your nasal cavity.

133 Your nose produces close to a liter of mucous a day. –Most gets swept into the esophagus by tiny hairs called cilia in your nasal cavity. Esophagus

134 Your nose produces close to a liter of mucous a day. –Most gets swept into the esophagus by tiny hairs called cilia in your nasal cavity. Esophagus Nose

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137 Particles trapped in mucous

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139 Trapped in the Mucous

140 Salvia is also loaded with disease killing chemicals.

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145 One of the biggest achievements of the immune system is it’s ability to determine friend from foe.

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148 The Bodies 2 nd Line of Defense

149 Immune System, HIV, AIDS Available Sheet.

150 The body also rushes blood loaded with protecting cells to infected areas. (Swelling)

151 The inflammatory response: Damaged cells release chemicals. These chemicals cause blood vessels to leak fluid into the tissues, causing swelling. This helps isolate the foreign substance from further contact with body tissues.

152 The inflammatory response: Damaged cells release chemicals. –These chemicals cause blood vessels to leak fluid into the tissues, causing swelling. –This helps isolate the foreign substance from further contact with body tissues.

153 The inflammatory response: Damaged cells release chemicals. –These chemicals cause blood vessels to leak fluid into the tissues, causing swelling. –This helps isolate the foreign substance from further contact with body tissues.

154 The inflammatory response: Damaged cells release chemicals. –These chemicals cause blood vessels to leak fluid into the tissues, causing swelling. –This helps isolate the foreign substance from further contact with body tissues.

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156 Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that occurs rapidly and causes a life- threatening response involving the whole body.

157 –This reaction can lead to difficulty breathing, shock, and ultimately death if untreated.

158 Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that occurs rapidly and causes a life- threatening response involving the whole body. –This reaction can lead to difficulty breathing, shock, and ultimately death if untreated.

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160 Epinephrine injection is used to treat life-threatening allergic reactions caused by insect bites, foods, medications, latex, and other causes.

161 –Please see a doctor if you believe you are severely allergic to any of the above.

162 The body also has another defense mechanism called and interferon response.

163 –Cells produce a substance that interferes with the ability of viruses to reproduce.

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166 Video! A Sneeze sends out millions of mucus particles at 100 mph. –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e2QAGVMlns4http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e2QAGVMlns4 –Why is it so important that we cover our mouth? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

167 Day One. You wake up, and your entire body aches.

168 Your Bodies 3 rd Line of Defense.

169 –The War Within

170 Immune System, HIV, AIDS Available Sheet.

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172 Immune System, Parasites, STD’s, HIV, AIDS PowerPoint Review Game.

173 The Human Body Systems and Health Topics Unit also includes… 13 Part 8,500 Slide PowerPoint 39 Page bundled homework package that chronologically follows the slideshow. 60 Pages of unit notes with visuals. 5 PowerPoint review games (125+ slide each) 108+ video links Answer Keys, lab activity sheets, readings, rubrics, curriculum guide, crosswords and much more. _Health_Topics_Unit.htmlhttp://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and _Health_Topics_Unit.html Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed

174 “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet –Visit some of the many provided links or.. –Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) 1http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 ournal=tsthttp://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tst Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet.

175 “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet –Visit some of the many provided links or.. –Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) urnal=tsthttp://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst

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177 Areas of focus: Form Follows Function concept spread throughout. Levels of biological organization, cell basics, cells of the body, tissues, organs, organ systems, homeostasis, functions of the skeletal system, categories of bones, marrow, bones of the human body, bone disease, types of joints, muscular system, connective tissues, ligaments, tendons, muscles and energy use, types of muscle tissue, muscle fibers and movement, common muscles, biological molecules and important nutrients to the body (extensive), learning the contents of junk food, calories, obesity, fast food, eating disorders, anabolic steroids, digestive system, mechanical and chemical digestion, taste, enzymes, swallowing reflex, esophagus and peristalsis, organs of the GI Tract, focus on chemical digestion, duodenum, stomach, pancreas, liver, gall bladder, small intestine, villi and surface area, large intestine, appendix, rectum, cardiovascular system, cellular respiration, functions of the circulatory system, movement of blood, focus on the heart, blood vessels, cardiovascular disease, contents of blood, blood types, functions of the respiratory system, the nose, epiglottis, larynx and vocal cords, trachea, bronchus, lungs, alveoli, diaphragm, lung capacity, dangers of smoking, cancer, how to avoid cancer, skin cancer, what's inside a cigarette, smoking and advertising, excretory system, kidneys, urine, inside the nephron, ureters, bladder, urethra, kidney's role in detoxifying, cirrhosis of the liver, integumentary system (skin), functions of the skin, anatomy of skin, fingerprints, nervous system, stimulus, anatomy of a neuron, types of neurons, voluntary and involuntary functions, central and peripheral nervous systems, regions of the brain and roles, right brain vs. left brain, spinal cord injuries, anatomy of the eye and sight, lenses, rods and cones, night vision, anatomy of the nose and smell, dangers of inhalants, anatomy of the ear and hearing, noise induced hearing loss, sense of touch, the adolescent brain -whoa!, lobes of the brain, endocrine system, glands, hormones, activities in your body, endocrine system vs. nervous system, exocrine glands, puberty, body stability, parenting, male and female reproductive systems, sex cells, chromosomes, fertilization, menstrual cycle, placenta, embryo development, dangers of smoking and drinking while pregnant, immune system, diseases, how diseases are spread, the immune response, parasites, vaccines, virus prevention, HIV, HIV transmission, abstinence vs. prevention, AIDS, STD's, and much more. (8,500 Slides) Full unit can found at… pics_Unit.html

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184 Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum –These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades Earth Science UnitsExtended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit Astronomy Topics Unit Weather and Climate Unit Soil Science, Weathering, More Water Unit Rivers Unit = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5 th – 7 th grade 6 th – 8 th grade 8 th – 10 th grade

185 Physical Science UnitsExtended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit html Motion and Machines Unit Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Life Science UnitsExtended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics DNA and Genetics Unit Cell Biology Unit Infectious Diseases Unit Taxonomy and Classification Unit Evolution / Natural Selection Unit Botany Topics Unit Ecology Feeding Levels Unit Ecology Interactions Unit Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit

186 Thank you for your time and interest in this curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on how a unit works and link to the many unit previews to see the PowerPoint slideshows, bundled homework, review games, unit notes, and much more. Thank you for your interest and please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed

187 The entire four year curriculum can be found at... Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed


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