Presentation on theme: "1/05 School Safety Training Forklift Operator Awareness Training WAC 296-24-230 Note: This awareness program is NOT a complete operator training."— Presentation transcript:
1/05 School Safety Training Forklift Operator Awareness Training WAC Note: This awareness program is NOT a complete operator training program.
2 Notice This presentation is provided to all Educational Service District 101 (ESD 101) schools at no cost. This presentation contains copyrighted materials purchased by ESD 101 for the exclusive use of training school personnel within ESD 101. This presentation may not be reproduced except to print “handouts” or “notes pages” for use during training within ESD 101 school districts. If the school district does not have Microsoft’s PowerPoint software available, a PowerPoint viewer can be downloaded from the internet at no cost. Questions may be directed to the ESD 101 Risk Manager.
3 WISHA Forklift Safety Guide The Washington State Forklift Safety Guide can be downloaded at: employers/Forklift_Safety_Guide.pdf This is a very important manual for every school district that owns a forklift.
4 Is Forklift Training Necessary? About 100 deaths each year About 95,000 accidents each year Bankruptcy New OSHA/WISHA training standard
5 Forklift Operating Goals Hazards and forklift stability Inspecting and operating a forklift Quiz
6 Authorized Operator Only trained and authorized personnel are permitted to operate a forklift Keep unauthorized employees off of forklifts Keep pedestrians away from the operating zone of a forklift Lock out unsafe lifts as determined in a preoperation inspection
7 Operating Hazards Workplace hazards: ramps, railroad tracks, slippery floors, poor lighting, congestion Loads: large or bulky, uneven weight, broken pallets, poorly stacked Pedestrians: horseplay, unaware of forklift areas, not paying attention
8 Nameplate OSHA/WISHA requires a legible nameplate Includes modifications & attachments Capacity Load center
9 Center of Gravity Balance point 48” A B 20”40” Distance from the edge of the item to the item’s center of gravity
10 Load Center Distance from vertical face of the forks to the load’s center of gravity A: Load center = 24" B: Load center = 40" 80” B 48”” A 1 inch = 100 lbs Important reason for keeping the load resting against the vertical face of forks
11 Stability Triangle 3-point suspension Forklift’s center of gravity Combined center of gravity Load center beyond 24"
12 Combined Actions Center of gravity moves side to side Center of gravity moves forward Center of gravity moves backward to the thin portion of the triangle
13 Attachments Specific operator training Weight of attachments Increased load center
14 Tipping Over Do not jump Hold onto the steering wheel Brace your feet Lean away from the fall
15 Forklift Operating Goals Hazards and forklift stability Inspecting and operating a forklift Quiz
16 Pre-Operation Inspection As an authorized operator, it is your responsibility to make sure your forklift functions properly OSHA/WISHA requires preoperation inspections school district wants to comply with OSHA/WISHA and be sure equipment is maintained
17 Walk Around Forklift properly disengaged Forks down, key off, neutral gear, parking brake on Left/right side Tire condition, tight lug nuts, no debris around axle, overhead guard is solid, no debris behind the mast Front Forks in good shape, fork pins in place, backrest solid, mast & chains greased, hoses in good shape Rear Counterbalance bolt is tight, radiator clear of debris
18 In the Seat Non-moving checks Gauges, lights, horn, back-up alarm, blinking warning light, operate the tilt & lift mechanism, check the parking brake Moving checks Put on the seat belt, check the running brakes, check the steering Look for oil or water leaks on the floor
19 Operating a Lift Truck Only trained, authorized operators Immediately report forklift-related accidents Seat belts must always be worn No person should stand under elevated portion of lift truck Forklift controls operated only from driver’s seat Never block exits or emergency equipment Smoking is not permitted
20 Driving Indoors Internal combustion engines produce Carbon Monoxide (CO) Gasoline powered-Not allowed to operate indoors LP powered-Permitted indoors but IAQ-testing may be necessary to avoid CO toxicity
21 Carbon Monoxide (CO) Poisoning-Symptoms & Effects Confusion Headache Dizziness Fatigue Weakness Toxicity can cause Permanent brain damage Personality changes Memory changes Even low levels of CO can cause chest pains and heart attacks in persons with coronary artery disease.
22 Loading / Unloading Before raising a load, understand: Approximate weight of the load Location of the load’s center of gravity Inspect load for stability, projections, damaged pallets before lifting Restack unstable loads Never place weight on the back of a lift truck to increase its capacity Towing always done from rear towing pin
23 Traveling Always look in the direction of travel Keep body inside the cage When moving, the mast must not be raised Sound the horn Operate at safe speeds When turning, watch rear end swing Clearance under overhead installations
24 Traveling (cont.) Avoid loose objects or holes If load blocks view, travel in reverse Never carry passengers (WAC (3) unless a “safe place to ride” is provided. Pedestrians always have the right-of-way Safe distance from edge of ramps or docks Never eat or drink No stunt driving or horseplay
25 Ramps and Railroads Never turn on a ramp On ramps the load must be upgrade Ascend or descend ramps slowly Railroad tracks are crossed diagonally Never park within 8 feet of the center of railroad tracks
26 Docks Inspect the dock plate Check the trailer floor condition Trailer wheels are chocked Nose of the trailer is supported by the tractor or a fixed jack
27 Parking Lower the forks Set gear to neutral Set the parking brake Turn off the key
28 Propane Refueling Propane is a combustible, compressed gas Propane leaks are detected by: Distinct odor Hissing sound Frost on fittings PPE: gloves, safety glasses
29 Battery Charging Inspect battery connectors for damage No smoking in battery-charging area Immediately clean up electrolyte (battery acid) spills PPE includes face mask, acid-resistant gloves, and an apron
30 Forklift Operating Goals Hazards and Forklift Stability Inspecting and Operating a Forklift Quiz
31 Summary Facility hazards Load center and capacity Preoperation inspection Rules of the road Refueling
32 Quiz 1. If your forklift has a rearview mirror, looking behind you is not necessary. True or False 2. Name two of the three ways to detect a propane leak: ___________, ___________ 3. Describe the four items that must be completed prior to driving your forklift into a trailer. 4. If a load blocks your vision, it is OK to raise the load while moving to see under it. True or False 5. Pre-operation inspections are done only because WISHA says we have to do them.T or F
33 Quiz (cont.) 6. Attachments reduce capacity by increasing the load center and adding weight. True or False 7. Minimum PPE items required when refueling a propane tank are ___________, ____________. 8. The most important differences between a forklift and a car are weight and steering.T or F 9. Name at least one condition that when combined with turning sharply may cause a tipover. 10. Pedestrians have the right-of-way only while in designated pedestrian lanes. True or False
34 Quiz Answers 1. False. You must always look behind you before backing up. 2. Hissing sound, distinct odor, or frost on fittings. 3. Chock the wheels, support the nose of the trailer, inspect the dock plate, check the trailer floor. 4. False. Never drive with the load up. Drive in reverse when the load obstructs forward vision. 5. False. Inspections are also done so that the operator can prevent mechanical failure accidents and because the school district needs to prove compliance with WISHA’s requirement.
35 Quiz Answers (cont.) 6. True. Attachments are heavy, and they cause the load center to move away from the forklift. 7. Gloves and safety glasses are the minimum PPE required. 8. True. There are many differences, but the most significant are weight and steering. 9. Hitting a pothole, carrying an off-center load, getting a flat tire, having a raised & tilted back load, or being on a ramp. 10. False. Pedestrians always have the right of way.