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Introduction Patrick Farrell Audit Manager Food Safety Authority of Ireland (FSAI) My role in the FSAI is to manage the various types of audits we are.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction Patrick Farrell Audit Manager Food Safety Authority of Ireland (FSAI) My role in the FSAI is to manage the various types of audits we are."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction Patrick Farrell Audit Manager Food Safety Authority of Ireland (FSAI) My role in the FSAI is to manage the various types of audits we are involved in.

2 Audits of official agencies –Under service contract to FSAI Focused Audits –Labelling & Traceability –SRM Special Investigations –Food Fraud

3 Misleading advertising,presentation & labelling of foodstuffs Legislation –Directive 2000/13/EC…. On the approximation of the laws of Member States relating to the labelling, presentation and advertising of foodstuffs –Article 16 of Regulation 178/2002

4 Overview Labelling legislation –Where are the rules on food labelling?

5 European horizontal labelling legislation European Directive 2000/13/EC –Meat products amendment: Directive 2001/101/EC (as amended Directive 2002/86/EC) –Allergens amendment: Directive 2003/89/EC (as amended Directive 2005/26/EC) –(Directive 2005/63/EC correcting 2005/26/EC)

6 Article 16 of 178/2002 States as follows: –Without prejudice to more specific provisions of food law, the labelling, advertising and presentation of food or feed, including their shape, appearance or packaging, the packaging materials used, the manner in which they are arranged and the setting in which they are displayed, and the information which is made available about them through whatever medium, shall not mislead consumers.

7 Definitions ‘labelling’ shall mean any words, particulars, trade marks, brand name, pictorial matter or symbol relating to a foodstuff and placed on any packaging, document, notice, label, ring or collar accompanying or referring to such foodstuff

8 Definitions ‘pre-packaged’ shall mean any single item … consisting of a foodstuff and the packaging into which it was put before being offered for sale……

9 Derogation where a prepackaged foodstuff is: For supply only to mass caterers (for preparation, processing, cutting, etc) or Intended for the ultimate consumer, but marketed prior to sale to the ultimate consumer and where sale to mass caterers is not involved (such as supply to wholesalers)

10 In such cases the labelling information may appear on the commercial documents accompanying the foodstuff. Commercial Document

11 Information on label must be clear and unambiguous

12 Must not mislead the consumer to a material degree: As to the characteristics of the foodstuff and, in particular: –as to its nature –identity –properties –composition –quantity –durability –origin or provenance –method of manufacture or production

13 Must not mislead the consumer to a material degree: By attributing to the foodstuff effects or properties which it does not possess By suggesting that the foodstuff possesses special characteristics when in fact all similar foodstuffs possess such characteristics.

14 LABELLING must not attribute to any foodstuff the property of preventing, treating or curing a human disease or refer to such properties

15 The information provided on the label must be: easy to understand be clearly legible it must also be indelible easy to see and not obscured in any way

16 Language The labelling of foodstuffs must be in a language easily understood by the consumer e.g. In Ireland it must be in English or English & Irish In Slovakia it may have to be in Slovakian. Will it have to be in another language ??

17 Overview When do the labelling rules apply? General requirements Compulsory labelling requirements

18 When do the labelling rules apply? Pre-packaged foods –and Available for sale to consumers and/or the catering trade

19 General requirements Purchaser must not be misled Medicinal claims prohibited Information must be easy to understand, clearly legible etc. Language – English (depending on Member State language)

20 Overview of labelling requirements name of food* ingredients quantity of certain ingredients (QUID) net quantity* date of minimum durability* special storage instructions name and address of manufacturer/packer/seller origin Instructions for use alcohol content* * must appear in the same field of vision

21  Field of Vision:  The name of the foodstuff  the date of minimum durability  the net quantity The intention is that all the information can easily be seen at the same time under normal purchasing conditions

22 Food Labelling and the Consumer The food we eat today is a key part of our lifestyle. We ask ourselves 'is this food good for me?' or 'how much of this should I eat?'. What we eat is becoming more important as we move toward healthy, self improved lifestyles. As consumers become more conscious of food ingredients, it is in the interests of manufacturers to highlight product contents and health or nutritional benefits. Labelling is just one way of providing consumers with appropriate information. Labels are of particular importance when we consider processed or fresh foodstuffs as well as perishable fast moving consumer goods. Labelling needs to be accurate, particularly at the point-of-sale fast moving consumer goodspoint-of-sale


24 What to Look For on a Label

25 How often do you buy something without looking at the product label? How many of us understand the details presented on product labels? Labels should not mislead consumers and information should be easily seen. This is the principle of 'the field of vision'. By law, packaged food must show:

26 PLACE OF ORIGIN and TRACEABILITY What is the difference? 'Smoked Irish Salmon' versus 'Irish Smoked Salmon' Could any of these products have been made in Ireland? American Style Burgers Florida Orange Juice Processed Whole Irish Chicken Breast

27 Case Studies Beef & Poultry

28 BEEF Multiple Importer/ Processor Retail Beef supplied by cold store (mixture of Irish & imported) Export refunds Cooked in plant Not labelled as Irish leaving the plant Delivered to multiple Multiple delivers to retail Shelf Edge Label (SEL) states Irish SELs Produced centrally Brazilian beef with SEL stating Irish

29 Chicken Fillets Caps imported from Belgium Skinned and cut in half Packaged and labelled as ‘Produced in Ireland’ Irish Health Mark

30 UK 1234 EC “Customers, We guarantee that all our fresh whole chickens, chicken breast fillets and portions are 100% Irish”

31 Adare Farm Chicken Dutch Health Mark

32 Inish Glora Farm Chicken Fillets German Health Mark

33 Examples of Fishy Labelling

34 Traditional SMOKED IRISH SALMON Seafresh Ltd, Castletown, Co.Galway PRICE x.xx WEIGHT xxxx USE BY xx/xx/xxxx Ingredients: Irish Atlantic Salmon (farmed), Salt,Oak Smoke Ingredienti: Salmone Irlandese Atlantico (di allevamento ) Sale, Fumo di Quercia Nutritional Information ____________________________________ xxxxxx ____________________________________ xxxxx xx.xx ___________________________________ xxx x.xx ____________________________________ English Farmed = Correct Italian di allevamento = incorrect prodotto di acquacoltura = Correct

35 Traditional SMOKED IRISH WILD SALMON Seafresh Ltd, Castletown, Co.Dublin PRICE xx WEIGHT xxxxx USE BY xxxxxx Ingredients: Salt, Smoke & Salmon Nutritional Information ____________________________________ xxxxx xxxx __________________ xxxxx xxxx ___________________________________ xxxxx xxx ____________________________________ IRL Xxx DL HAND SLICED Machine Sliced Farmed Salmon Scotland/Shetland Norway

36 Traditional SMOKED IRISH SALMON Seafresh Ltd, Castletown, Co.Dublin PRICE xx WEIGHT xxxxx USE BY xxxxxx Ingredients: Salt, Smoke & Salmon Nutritional Information ____________________________________ xxxxxx xxxx ____________________________________ xxxxx xxxx ___________________________________ xxxxx xxx ____________________________________ IRL Xxx DL Our Smoked Irish Salmon is Harvested in the crystal clear waters of the North Atlantic and off the rugged West Coast of Ireland Catch Area Not Specific Terminology Used Misleading in the absence of Production Method & Specific Catch Area Production Method Not Indicated

37 “All our fish are caught off the west coast of Ireland” Wet Fish Display Counter Nile Perch Farmed Scottish Salmon

38 Case Studies Fishery Products

39 Complaint Wild Salmon ComplaintContact HSE Audit of Premises (Processing Plant + Fishmongers) Significant Non Compliance Cautioned by DCMNR + HSE Visited Supplier Invoice Not the Same - Altered

40 Wild Salmon Displayed on Menu Checked Product Chill/Freezer Checked Invoices/ Delivery Docket from Distributor Contacted DCMNR to verify Product Codes DCMNR Poor traceability -At Processors After Investigation Verified Product Farmed Salmon

41 Salmon Country of Origin + Production method not Specified Salmon being sold by Processor/Distributor to Retail Outlets Checked Packaging / Labelling + Commercial Documentation COO + Production Area Not always Specified Buys Irish + Also Scottish/Norwegian Through Importer Irish – Labelled as Farmed Irish Scotish/Norwegian – Labelled as Caught NE Atlantic

42 Substantial Transformation When can a product produced in Slovakia be labelled as ‘produced in Slovakia’ if the raw material is from a different country Must not mislead the consumer Issues

43 “ And finally, a restaurant in northeastern China that advertised illegal tiger meat dishes was found instead to be selling donkey flesh- marinated in tiger urine. The story explains that the restaurant had advertised stir-fried tiger meat with chillies as well as liquor flavoured with tiger bone. The sale of tiger parts is illegal in China and officers shut down the restaurant, only to be told by the owner that the meat was actually that of donkeys, flavoured with tiger urine to give the dish a “special” tang. The report didn’t say how the urine was obtained… ” World Food Regulation Review Press Clipping- The China Daily

44 It is OUR job to protect this Person !

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