5 Suitability for purpose Metal: protects, easy stack & store, can be heated, lacquered to prevent reaction with food, heavy -increase transport cost, expensive, recyclable.Glass: hygienic, protects well, rigid, variety shapes & sizes, transparent, resealable, stackable, can be heated, doesn’t react with food, heavy, breakable, costly, recyclable.Paper: biodegradable, low cost, easy to open not easy to reseal, light, can be printed on, plain paper-not strong, waxed paper is moistureproof & vapour proof.Plastic:strong, moisture proof, light, flexible, heat sealable, low cost, suitable for freezing, variety of weights, sizes, shapes, thicknessess, can be printed on, some may contaminate food when heated in microwave.
6 Packaging and the Environment Each home produces 1 ton waste/year.1/3 is packaging and ½ of this is recyclable.01/03/03 EU directive on recycling packaging means Ireland must recycle 50% by 2005Careless disposal leads to litter, pollution and need for more landfill sitesRecycle =convert waste to usable material.Plastic bag levy Mar.2002, 15centPackaging and the Environment
7 Packaging & Environment Metal: 3% domestic waste=33000tons, recycling saves raw materials and energy. Recycling aluminium cans uses only 5% of energy needed to make them from scratch.Glass: 7.5% domestic waste, reusable and recyclable, numerous collection points, collected glass is crushed and used as a substitute for raw materials, conserves energy, raw materials and production costPaper: environmentally friendly packaging, readily recycled, recycling conserves trees (17 trees=1ton paper),saves energy, reduces waste.Plastic: non-biodegradable, made from crude oil a non-renewable resource, 120,000 tonnes waste plastic inIre. /yr, Not all recyclable, lack of recycling facilities in Ire. PET can be recycled as fibre.
8 Consumer Responsibility Reuse and recycleAvoid excess packagingBuy loose fruit & veg.Compact waste before putting in recycling binCompost organic packaging e.g. cardboardBuy products made from recycled materials.
9 Food labelling - Functions Inform consumer about the nature of pre-packed foodIdentify productHelp sell product
10 Labelling regulations EU legislation regarding food labelling is enforced by The Food Safety Authority of Ireland (FSAI)All labels must be:Unambiguous (clear)LegibleIndelibleEasy to seeWritten in EnglishNot misleading
11 Essential information on pre-packed food labels Name under which product is soldIngredients in order of decending weight.%of certain ingredients e.g.beef in burgersNet quantity in metric (kg or litre)Use by date on perishables, best before date on non-perishables.Instructions for storage and use if necessaryName and address of manufacturer, packager, or seller in the EUPlace of origin if absence might misleadAlcoholic strength if more than 1.2% alcohol by volume.Indicate if food has been irradiated, genetically modified, have been packed in modified atmosphere
12 LabellingModified Atmosphere Packaging (MAP): composition of gas inside package is different to air. Gases like CO2, O2 and N2 (inert) are used to stop microbes growing & prolong shelf-lifeMedicinal claims of treating preventing or curing disease are not allowed.Nutritional content must be stated per 100g or 100ml for comparisonIf claims are made about a certain ingredient the % of that ingredient must be stated e.g. low fat butter 39% fat.A claim of fortification must be true.Non-packaged food: display of following info must be nearby, name, origin, class, variety, price per kiloPrice Labelling: must be on food or shelf, pre-packed food of varying weight must give unit price and pack price,