5Suitability for purpose Metal: protects, easy stack & store, can be heated, lacquered to prevent reaction with food, heavy -increase transport cost, expensive, recyclable.Glass: hygienic, protects well, rigid, variety shapes & sizes, transparent, resealable, stackable, can be heated, doesn’t react with food, heavy, breakable, costly, recyclable.Paper: biodegradable, low cost, easy to open not easy to reseal, light, can be printed on, plain paper-not strong, waxed paper is moistureproof & vapour proof.Plastic:strong, moisture proof, light, flexible, heat sealable, low cost, suitable for freezing, variety of weights, sizes, shapes, thicknessess, can be printed on, some may contaminate food when heated in microwave.
6Packaging and the Environment Each home produces 1 ton waste/year.1/3 is packaging and ½ of this is recyclable.01/03/03 EU directive on recycling packaging means Ireland must recycle 50% by 2005Careless disposal leads to litter, pollution and need for more landfill sitesRecycle =convert waste to usable material.Plastic bag levy Mar.2002, 15centPackaging and the Environment
7Packaging & Environment Metal: 3% domestic waste=33000tons, recycling saves raw materials and energy. Recycling aluminium cans uses only 5% of energy needed to make them from scratch.Glass: 7.5% domestic waste, reusable and recyclable, numerous collection points, collected glass is crushed and used as a substitute for raw materials, conserves energy, raw materials and production costPaper: environmentally friendly packaging, readily recycled, recycling conserves trees (17 trees=1ton paper),saves energy, reduces waste.Plastic: non-biodegradable, made from crude oil a non-renewable resource, 120,000 tonnes waste plastic inIre. /yr, Not all recyclable, lack of recycling facilities in Ire. PET can be recycled as fibre.
8Consumer Responsibility Reuse and recycleAvoid excess packagingBuy loose fruit & veg.Compact waste before putting in recycling binCompost organic packaging e.g. cardboardBuy products made from recycled materials.
9Food labelling - Functions Inform consumer about the nature of pre-packed foodIdentify productHelp sell product
10Labelling regulations EU legislation regarding food labelling is enforced by The Food Safety Authority of Ireland (FSAI)All labels must be:Unambiguous (clear)LegibleIndelibleEasy to seeWritten in EnglishNot misleading
11Essential information on pre-packed food labels Name under which product is soldIngredients in order of decending weight.%of certain ingredients e.g.beef in burgersNet quantity in metric (kg or litre)Use by date on perishables, best before date on non-perishables.Instructions for storage and use if necessaryName and address of manufacturer, packager, or seller in the EUPlace of origin if absence might misleadAlcoholic strength if more than 1.2% alcohol by volume.Indicate if food has been irradiated, genetically modified, have been packed in modified atmosphere
12LabellingModified Atmosphere Packaging (MAP): composition of gas inside package is different to air. Gases like CO2, O2 and N2 (inert) are used to stop microbes growing & prolong shelf-lifeMedicinal claims of treating preventing or curing disease are not allowed.Nutritional content must be stated per 100g or 100ml for comparisonIf claims are made about a certain ingredient the % of that ingredient must be stated e.g. low fat butter 39% fat.A claim of fortification must be true.Non-packaged food: display of following info must be nearby, name, origin, class, variety, price per kiloPrice Labelling: must be on food or shelf, pre-packed food of varying weight must give unit price and pack price,